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The Endless War

2010.10.05 16:44 caferrell The Endless War

This is a community that discusses militarism and warfare. Since the US is the world's leader in wars, military spending and militarism, we specifically focus on American policies and actions that promote what the Pentagon calls the "long war" -- the unending Global War on Terror (GWOT). We include articles that show the politics behind the Endless War, the spending involved and the toll in human suffering and lives.

2015.07.14 21:24 mrfeeny24 /r/SpacePolicy: Outer space policy, legislation, and law

/SpacePolicy, a community dedicated to the discussion and debate of outer space policy, legislation, and law.

2023.05.31 16:36 megjashi DRAGI ZMIJANAC: “It is a challenge to be the leader of this great global movement!” Founder and President of the First Children's Embassy in the World MEGJASHI - MACEDONIA

DRAGI ZMIJANAC: “It is a challenge to be the leader of this great global movement!” Founder and President of the First Children's Embassy in the World MEGJASHI - MACEDONIA
DRAGI ZMIJANAC: “It is a challenge to be the leader of this great global movement!”
*Being a pillar and the head of the First Children’s Embassy in the world MEGJASHI is a feeling and experience that only you a familiar with. There were no working conditions, you were the one who created them over all these past years completely oriented towards children, you were alone against the established rules and patterns of behavior, prejudices, discriminations, institutions, loopholes in the law, and above all the mentality of the environment that we live in, as a transitioning society. MEGJASHI is grounded by the milestones of your struggle for children's rights, you leave values ​​behind you, and traces. What motivated you to embark on this great struggle, maybe the fact that you are a parent yourself?
- In the beginning, we were the three pillars - Gorde, Kole and I, and as time passed, more pillars were built into this global children's movement called the First Children’s Embassy in the world MEGJASHI, which represents children and has been fighting for a fairer world for children for 30 years. Since you already asked me about the feeling and experience that I have experienced throughout all these 30 years, the one thing that I can emphasize is that you cannot build something significant and motivating only if you want it, if you are dedicated and believe in what you are doing. It takes persistence and courage in order to see the outlines of the structure, from the very beginning and in the first few years. Now when I look back, I have to admit to myself that everything has to be earned, through work, belief, perseverance and honesty. When you strongly want something and believe in what you are doing, the Universe has your back. Change does not happen overnight. You need to stand strong, be mobile, resilient to attacks and blows and come out stronger after every battle. Defending and fighting for a fairer world for children is not only difficult, but also inspiring. I saw this challenge as an opportunity to be a driver and leader in this great worldwide movement called the First Children’s Embassy in the world. Recognizable and recognized all over the world. It is the pillar of success. Everything else builds upon it, complements it, changes it and pushes it forward. We are here and exist because we are needed. I often joke when I say that if this embassy, ​​the first one in the world, whose heart is in Macedonia, did not exist, it would have to be invented. And, since it exists and continuously proves itself, creates, creates, it should be selflessly supported and helped. In one of UNICEF's manuals, the author, Ms. Sue Gilbert wrote: “Macedonia is famous for children’s rights, because that’s where the First Children’s Embassy in the world, MEGHASHI, was formed”.
The conditions when we started working to help and support children affected by the war in former Yugoslavia were tense, the war had started. Gordana Pirkovska Zmijanac, who is the initiator and founder of the First Children’s Embassy in the world MEGJASHI, appealed for the care of children affected by the war. At her strong insistence, the editor Ljubisha Nikolovski allowed her to make an appeal for solidarity, for help and care for the children affected by the war, on the prime news block of the Macedonian national television. The appeal reached Macedonian citizens. And that's how it all started. It was on April 12, 1992. While Gordana was on MTV, I was at home, I recorded her appeal, the phone rang continuously, I registered all the calls and requests from citizens to take a child under their in their homes. It was real solidarity and humanity in action. That's how we started, as an informal citizen initiative. Due to the fact that we agitated and mobilized all state institutions and demanded the opening of children's resorts, hotels, etc., we realized that we had to get formalized as an organization. On April 29, we had the Founding Assembly in the “Karposh” Youth Home (Pionerski dom), and we got officially registered as a civil soviety organization at in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, back then, on May 25, 1992. Otherwise, I draw the main motive, inspiration and incentive in this struggle from my childhood. I grew up in conditions of social and educational injustice and neglect. I grew up in a family with a single mother. I grew up in a dysfunctional family. The conditions were hrash. Not to mention bordering on poverty and social injustice. But for me as a person it posed a major challenge - to either become strong or to break down. I chose the fight for justice and it has been my guide all these years in my life. It is my life energy, mission and vision. I know that I was not born by accident and I have a task to do something. At least to change and improve things a little. Injustice affects me. And that's why I'm often rebellious, I speak loudly about it and I'm not afraid to raise my voice. My voice is the echo of millions of children. That's how I bring myself up and enter from one battle to another. I know it's difficult, painful, uncertain, but I'm waiting, I'm patient and I'm watching even the smallest changes as a big step forward towards a fairer world for children.
*It is subtle job to deal with children's rights, first of all you need be familiar with all the laws, as well as the mechanisms of their functioning in reality. At the same time, it is not easy at all, because we live in conditions in which society, instead of facilitating, gives resistance against the citizens and their needs, many rights are violated, and many crimes against children are concealed in a well-organized manner. Did all that resistance scare you, this entire situation around you that created pressure, did it discourage you at times?
- Sometimes I feel that our work stagnates. That's the initial impression. There is an improvement in the defense of children's rights, but the state institutions sometimes seem to shift the responsibility between each other. They are not sufficiently efficient and mobile, they do not implement violence prevention in time, they only impose sanctions when there is a case of incest or death, which is a belated measure. The level of abuse of children in Macedonia is constantly increasing, and this is due to the aggressiveness, loneliness and alienation of children, they are increasingly left to fend for themselves. First of all, the most important thing is that we broke the silence surrounding children's suffering, we spoke publicly about all the problems that children in Macedonia face, which were previously shameful and scary to talk about, we encouraged children to talk about violence, to recognize us as protectors of children's rights, as their advocates. Of course, we have instruments, indicators, how to reach information about the problems that children encounter. In 1993, we opened the SOS telephone line for children and youth, now known as “Hello, Bushavko” 070 390 632. This hotline for children has been operating for 29 years, so far over 21,000 children, parents, guardians, relatives have contacted it to report child abuse, violence, violation of children's rights. We use our mechanisms to resist and often with the help of the media we exert pressure, sometimes we can be even louder than what is expected of us, to push the state institutions into working with maximum functionality and efficiency, in defense of children's rights. To respect the best interest of the child. The motto of the Children’s Embassy MEGJASHI is that “All the ideals in the world are less important than the tears of a child”.
*It has been proven that in order to improve a child's right or at least to initiatite a change, unfortunately, one has to see or experience the worst example or incident. After all, we can't do anything about those sad and devastating facts or terrible statistics, but we can build a fairer children's world on their foundations and on the basis of lessons learned.
- In the fight for a fairer world for children, we upturned many taboos, stereotypes, opened up and initiated the solution to many problems affecting children, prioritized the importance of respecting children's personality and their best interests. We broke the silence about the children suffering from sexual abuse, from physical violence, from the problems they have when their parents’ divorce, from the sadness due to the secrecy of adopted children not having access to their biological parents, from the everyday problems that children encounter, from bullying, from the fact that there are still children without a birth certificate, children whose labor is abused, children who are not included in primary education or are prevented from completing their education. But what worries me the most in recent years is air pollution and the carcinogenic particles that children breathe. Air pollution is one of the leading causes of death in children because that air permanently crosses the blood-brain barrier and permanently damages a child's developing brain. Due to the negligence and absence of measures against the extremely polluted air in Macedonia, the most basic right of the children is violated and threatened - the right to life according to Article 6 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified by the Republic of Macedonia in 1993.
*You were a scanner and with your work you brought to light the fact that, in fact, children are not deviant towards society, but that society is completely upside down towards them. That what they do is, in fact, only a response to the irresponsible behavior of adults and that all of us together bear responsibility.
-Society and state institutions are often deviant towards children. Instead of being their support and help, they often act against their needs and interests. Very often when they do not act properly or act wrongly, the state does not have a mechanism to sanction those who are responsible, but rather protects them. And so the problems only deepen, and the state and institutions become complicit in the dysfunctionality of the system. There are many examples in practice. The alienation between the child and the parent is a deviation that adults and society are responsible for, and such direct and irresponsible behavior affects the proper growth and development of the child. It is difficult for parents from dysfunctional and broken former marital relations after leaving the marital union to be participants in functional and responsible parenting. Joint and responsible parenting even after divorce should be focused on what is most important, which is the best interest of the child. The child should not feel guilty about the divorce and should live a normal life, receiving attention from both parents equally, because the termination of the marital union puts an end to the marriage, but not to the process of parenting. The mother and the father are equally important and significant for the correct growth and development of the child and under no cirscumstances should a child be put in a situation to choose between them. Divorce is the end of marriage, not the end of parening, the child needs love from both parents during the process of growing into a healthy individual to avoid deviant phenomena in adolescence. The child is not to blame for the divorce and must not feel any remorse. The child should not feel guilty about the divorce and should live a normal life, receiving attention from both parents equally, because the divorce of the marital union is the termination of the marriage, but not the termination of parentage. The mother and the father are equally important and significant for the correct growth and development of the child and it should not be put in a situation to choose under any circumstances. Divorce is the end of marriage, not the end of parenthood, the child needs love from both parents during the process of growing into a healthy individual to avoid deviant phenomena in adolescence. The child is not to blame for the divorce and must not feel any remorse.
*Society really swallows up children's rights. The youngest seem to be the most discriminated against and have no way to defend themselves from the adults, unless another adult helps them. Young people need to know that there is a solution to their problem, even though it seems like the whole world has collapsed on them. You indicated this through numerous engagements and campaigns. What would you single out in particular?
- We live in a completely divided society along ethnic, social, educational and any other lines. We live with rude and aggressive, violent behaviors towards those different from ourselves. We live in a segregated society in which students from different ethnic communities study in different schools. Although we each speak our own language, we rarely understand each other when it comes to building trust, shared values ​​and life. That's why we decided to launch the campaign “Foster Peace”, to stir things up and be part of the change, acting both individually and as a civil organization, and on a collective level. At the same time, let's ask the state to be more mobile in terms of what we ask of it, to nurture, build and promote values ​​such as empathy, solidarity, responsibility, dialogue and non-violence.
*Generally, it is a great injustice - with their existence, children paint the world with the warmest and most cheerful colors, and the world often shamelessly paints their childhood in the darkest, gray, sad colors, in the color of tears. We all need to change our attitude towards
children and we must educate them about their rights. You have done a lot in this direction. What is most valuable in all of this?
- One of the most difficult traumas that can happen to a child is sexual abuse. And this trauma is shrouded in silence for many years. But we raised our voices and spoke clearly and loudly about these traumas suffered by the children and sought solutions. Both preventive and punitive. The strong advocacy, support and lobbying of the First Children’s Embassy MEGJASHI for stricter sanctions against sex offenders, incest perpetrators, pedophiles, especially towards children under the age of 14, bore fruit, three out of our four recommendations were accepted and I think that in this way there is an opportunity to put this pathological phenomenon under control, especially when it comes to recidivism. What we advocated for was accepted, drug therapy or chemical castration, a minimum of 15 years in prison, but they did not accept the wearing of electronic bracelets after the pedophile leaves the prison institution. We believe that chemical castration should be mandatory as a measure, especially for recidivists and that it should be established immediately after leaving the prison institution and the pedophile will thus be helped not to repeat the crime, because the Children's Embassy advocates for lifetime in prison for every repeated offender. This is not corporal punishment, because it affects the psyche, i.e. the mental disorder that the pedophile has because he is not able to control his drive and libido, and in this way we believe that we are helping the pedophile, as well as the children, not to commit these crimes again.
*All of the people in the Embassy have experience in all directions, profound, extensive, long-lasting, and each of you can write a thick book of experiences. Can you recall which was the most difficult moment for you in all these 30 years, and which was the brightest and the greatest source of pride?
-”The girl fell on the rolling pin and lost her virginity”, this is how the case of the then nine-year-old girl, who was raped by her mother's friend, ended somehow. Case closed! In cases of sexual offenses, the procedure for determining the origin of the injuries cannot be performed by a gynecologist, but exclusively by a forensic medicine expert. But back then no one reported the case to forensic medicine, where if there had been a case of rape, it would have been discovered due to the specificities of the injuries. It is interesting to note that the two injuries that the gynecologist found could not have been caused by one fall, or even by any rolling pin, but were done on at least two occasions. So, the case was closed, there were neither suspects nor was anyone accused. Macedonia will remain the only country in the world where “virginity is lost by falling on a rolling pin!”
Then, we helped thousands of children affected by the war in the former Yugoslavia, responded to the challenges of rescuing and evacuating children from Bosnia and Herzegovina and taking them into care in Macedonia. We responded to the Kosovo crisis and worked with the children in the camps in Radusha, Bojane, Chegrane, Stenkovec 1 and 2 in the period between 1999 and 2000. During the conflict in Macedonia in 2001 we opened a Shelter for Internally Displaced Persons and took care of 16 people, they were taken care of at the Children's Embassy MEGJASHI during a period of five years. Three babies were born here - Alexander, Marija and Nikola. We responded to the migrant crisis. We had a rapid response humanitarian action to help the children from the flood in Skopje, the children who fled from Syria and were taken care of in Turkey. We also adequately responded with humanitarian aid during the COVID-19 pandemic, by distributing aid to the competent institutions and providing them with overall protective equipment, gloves and masks…
*You moved a world from inside to outside, from invisible to visible, you instigated changes. Going back through the timeline, you can see how quixotic your work was, but then you add things up at the end, when it all comes together, you manage to see the scope of work and the conclusion that nothing was in vain. That MEGJASHI became a “moral” home for any child, barefoot, hungry and starving, but also for those who have a roof over their heads and dream of higher goals... That MEGJASHI became a school for transformation towards democracy and children's rights and managed to impose many positive changes. *Was it worth it?
- The state is more focused on the legal amendments and what the legal norms stipulate, and less or in some parts it is not mentioned at all how those legal provisions are applied in practice. There is no established system of monitoring how the laws are implemented, nor is there any information that an adequate analysis has been made as to what funds are needed for the implementation of the laws. The omission in the protection of children's rights usually occurs during the implementation of laws, and in certain cases it happens due to legislative gaps and inadequate regulation of certain issues. For example, there are laws where it is stipulated that the child has a certain right, but it does not specify how the child can exercise that right, through which procedure, before which authority and in accordance with which law. Such legal solutions are unenforceable in practice and instead of promoting children's rights, they represent an additional obstacle. But yes! It was worth it. The Children's Embassy has not only become a school for transformation towards democracy and children's rights, but also strengthens and encourages children's activism and participation. Namely, Macedonia is one of the few countries in the world that has managed, for the second time, to prepare an Alternative Report on the situation with children's rights in Macedonia - from the children's perspective. To submit, present and defend it in front of the members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child at the UN. Children state that they are victims of various forms of violence, among which bullying is the most common, and emphasize that schools should do much more to educate children to prevent this type of violence. They point to the problems in education, which are numerous, including the poor quality of teaching, insufficient care for hygiene, inadequate conditions for children with disabilities and insufficient care for children's mental health. However, they believe that polluted air, especially in winter days, as well as illegal landfills, factories near populated areas are part of the environmental problems that children face, and they believe that there is neither sufficient awareness nor sufficient care on the part of the government. Not to mention any liability and criminal prosecution. They listed many other problems that children face. We expect the specific recommendations from the Committee on Children's Rights to arrive soon. But, also specifically their implementation and realization by the Macedonian state. Our engagement will still be necessary here, because in every report so far there were numerous problems that children were facing, that have been noted down in the reports sent to the Committee, and are repeated.
*The hard-working team of the Embassy, very gently and carefully, with filigree-like precisions, weaved a network of children's rights. And, with your relentless persistence, you made people to increasingly realize that children's rights are not one or two and that there is no right dosage for fulfillment of children's rights, they need to be exercised down to the last percent. And no matter what is settled, new rights always arise that the heirs of the world deserve. *According to you personally, what is the first most inviolable and supreme right of every single child, wherever he/she may be on this Planet?
- The right to a healthy environment. The right to life. The population most affected by air pollution is children. Air pollution has a harmful effect on children's health. The negative effects of air pollution on children begin even before they are born. The polluted air that pregnant women breathe can lead to damage to the fetus and its development. Polluted air also leads to reduced body weight at birth, premature births, various anomalies in newborn children whose mothers were exposed to polluted air during pregnancy. Children who breathe polluted air have an increased number of upper and lower respiratory tract infections. As a result of frequent infections of the respiratory organs, permanent damage to the lungs and chronic diseases that last a lifetime can occur, such as asthma, allergies, chronic bronchitis. As a result of polluted air, there is also a disturbance in the development of the central nervous system in children, a change in the immune system, and the occurence of malignant diseases. Air pollution directly affects children and their right to life. Namely, according to data from the World Health Organization, more than one in every four deaths of children under the age of five is directly or indirectly related to exposure of children to air pollution. Children are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of air pollution. Children inhale a larger amount of air, and thus a larger amount of harmful substances.
*What other message would you like to send?
- In the upcoming period, we plan to focus on achieving the following long-term goals of the organization, such as respecting and understanding the rights of children and children's personality; promoting and advancing the culture of peace and non-violence among children from an early age, mobilizing, updating and undertaking initiatives and actions for the benefit of children; joint and responsible parenting even after divorce, children having the right to find out who their biological parents are, the right to a healthy environment and clean air, and the struggle to mobilize and build functional institutions that act in the best interest of children.,%2030%20years.pdf

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2023.05.31 16:35 alexsinha Are These Trek Adventures Really As Good As We Think They Are?

Are These Trek Adventures Really As Good As We Think They Are?

Trek Adventures with the Most Iconic Scenery.

Adventures to go on
Are you a thrill-seeker who dreams of turning your passion for adventure into a career? Look no further! Adventure travel jobs offer the perfect opportunity to combine work and play, allowing you to immerse yourself in thrilling experiences while getting paid.
From ziplining through lush forests to hiking majestic mountains, the world is your playground when it comes to adventure travel jobs. Let’s embark on this exhilarating journey together! ⛰️🌲

🧗Trek Adventures

Here are some popular treks you can undertake in the Rishikesh area:
  1. Neer Garh Waterfall Trek: This trek takes you to the Neer Garh Waterfall, which is located around 5 kilometers from Rishikesh. The trail passes through picturesque villages, and dense forests, and offers stunning views of the surrounding hills. The highlight of this trek is the magnificent waterfall, where you can relax and rejuvenate amidst nature’s beauty.
  2. Kunjapuri Temple Trek: The trek to Kunjapuri Temple is a spiritually enriching experience combined with scenic beauty. The trek starts from Rishikesh and takes you to the Kunjapuri Temple, dedicated to Goddess Durga. The trail offers panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks and the Ganga River. The best time to undertake this trek is early morning to witness the breathtaking sunrise.
  3. Chandrashila Trek: Located near Rishikesh, the Chandrashila Trek is one of the most popular treks in the region. The trek takes you to the summit of Chandrashila Peak, which offers mesmerizing views of the snow-capped Himalayan ranges, including Nanda Devi, Trishul, and Chaukhamba.
  4. Roopkund Trek: The Roopkund Trek is a challenging and adventurous trek that takes you to the mysterious Roopkund Lake, also known as Skeleton Lake. The trek offers breathtaking views of snow-clad peaks, lush meadows, and dense forests. The highlight of the trek is the glacial lake, which is surrounded by hundreds of human skeletons dating back to the 9th century. This trek usually takes around 8–9 days to complete.

Adventure Travel Jobs🌟

Whether you’re a guide, instructor, photographer, or coordinator, adventure travel jobs allow you to share your passion for adventure with others while earning a living. Adventure travel jobs are a gateway to a life of excitement, discovery, and unforgettable experiences. From leading hiking expeditions in remote locations to organizing thrilling outdoor activities, these jobs provide a unique opportunity to connect with nature and inspire others to seek adventure.

Adventures to Go On🗺️🌄

When it comes to adventures, the options are endless. From trekking through dense jungles to embarking on epic road trips, there’s something for every adventurer. Dive into the depths of the ocean as you explore vibrant coral reefs, embark on exhilarating wildlife safaris, or challenge yourself with adrenaline-pumping activities like skydiving or bungee jumping. The adventures you can go on is limited only by your imagination and willingness to embrace the unknown.


  1. Rishikesh is often referred to as the “Yoga Capital of the World” and has been a significant center for spiritual seekers and yoga practitioners for centuries.
  2. It gained international recognition when The Beatles visited the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi’s ashram in Rishikesh in 1968 to learn Transcendental Meditation.
  3. Their stay in Rishikesh not only popularized yoga and meditation but also put Rishikesh on the global map as a destination for spiritual retreats and self-discovery.
  4. Today, Rishikesh attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world seeking peace, enlightenment, and adventure in the lap of the Himalayas.

Trip and Tours🌎🚗

Planning an adventure-filled trip can be overwhelming, but that’s where trip and tour providers come to the rescue. These professionals curate experiences that cater to different interests and skill levels, ensuring that every traveler gets the most out of their adventure. Whether you’re seeking a hiking expedition in the mountains, a thrilling zipline adventure, or a multi-day tour exploring diverse landscapes, trip and tours packages are designed to make your adventure dreams a reality.

Zipline Adventure Tours🌳✈️

Imagine soaring through the air, the wind rushing past your face as you glide from one treetop to another. Zipline adventure tours offer an exhilarating way to experience nature from a unique perspective. With safety harnesses and professional guides, you can push your boundaries and embrace the thrill of flying through the canopy. Zipline adventure travel provide a blend of adrenaline, stunning views, and the satisfaction of conquering your fears.


  1. Do plan your trek in advance and gather information about the route, weather conditions, and necessary permits, if any.
  2. Do carry essential trekking gear such as sturdy hiking boots, comfortable clothing, a backpack, a water bottle, rain gear, sunscreen, and a first aid kit.
  3. Do hire a local guide or join a reputable trekking agency to ensure safety and guidance during the trek.
  4. Do acclimatize yourself to the altitude if you are trekking to higher elevations.
  5. Do carry enough food and water supplies, especially if you are trekking to remote areas where food options might be limited.


  1. Don’t trek alone, especially if you are a beginner. Always trek with a group or a knowledgeable guide.
  2. Don’t ignore weather forecasts. Check the weather conditions before embarking on the trek and be prepared for changes in the weather.
  3. Don’t venture off the marked trails. Stick to the designated paths to ensure your safety and minimize the risk of getting lost.
  4. Don’t underestimate the difficulty level of the trek. Assess your fitness level and choose a trek that suits your capabilities.
  5. Don’t harm or disturb wildlife or plants during the trek. Respect the natural habitat and maintain a safe distance from animals.

Hiking Travel🥾🌿

Whether it’s a leisurely walk along scenic trails or a challenging trek up a rugged mountain, hiking offers a transformative experience. It’s a chance to appreciate breathtaking landscapes, encounters diverse flora and fauna, and reconnect with your inner self. From short day hikes to multi-day backpacking trips, hiking travel offers something for everyone.

🌟 FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):

Q1: What is a trek adventure?
A1: A trek adventure is a thrilling outdoor activity that involves hiking through scenic landscapes, often in remote or mountainous regions. It offers an opportunity to connect with nature, challenge oneself physically, and explore breathtaking trails.
Q2: What are some popular adventures to go on?
A2: Some popular adventures to go on include trekking to iconic destinations like Everest Base Camp in Nepal, hiking the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu in Peru, exploring the Grand Canyon in the United States, or embarking on a wildlife safari in Africa.
Q3: What are trip and tours?
A3: Trip and tours refer to organized travel experiences that provide a comprehensive itinerary, including transportation, accommodation, activities, and guided tours. They offer a convenient and hassle-free way to explore new destinations and engage in various adventure activities.
Q4: What are zipline adventure tours?
A4: Zipline adventure tours involve gliding through the air on a cable suspended between two points, often across scenic landscapes or forests. It provides an exhilarating experience as you soar through the air, enjoying a bird’s-eye view of the surroundings.
Q5: What is hiking travel?
A5: Hiking travel refers to the act of exploring natural trails and landscapes on foot. It is a popular form of adventure travel that allows individuals to immerse themselves in nature, discover hidden gems, and experience physical challenges while enjoying the beauty of the outdoors.
To know more about Trek Adventures you can visit our website:-
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2023.05.31 16:03 autotldr Bundestag calls for approval of Ukraine’s request to supply long-range Taurus missiles

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 44%. (I'm a bot)
A German MP has called on his government to grant Ukraine's request to supply Taurus long-range cruise missiles.
For reference: The Taurus KEPD 350 long-range subsonic cruise missile is designed for high-precision engagement of protected targets at ranges up to 500 km.
The missile weighs 1,400 kg and is 5 metres long and was developed by Taurus Systems GmbH, a joint venture between MBDA Deutschland and Swedish company Saab Bofors Dynamics AB. Background: On 27 May, it became known that Ukraine had officially requested Germany to send it Taurus cruise missiles.
A few days earlier, Roderich Kiesewetter, a member of the Christian Democratic Union and member of the Defence Committee opposed to the Scholz government, spoke in favour of supplying German Taurus cruise missiles to Ukraine.
According to him, these missiles, with a range of up to 500 kilometres, would allow "To strike at Russian military infrastructure far beyond the front line".
At the same time, he also said he believed that "We should support Ukraine with all the systems permitted by international law that are necessary to win this war and that we can provide".
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: Ukraine#1 missile#2 Taurus#3 German#4 cruise#5
Post found in /UkrainianConflict and /worldnews.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
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2023.05.31 15:38 Interesting-Dot4986 IFC vs. SOX: Impact on Accounting Practices in CA Firms

In the world of accounting, regulatory measures have always played a vital role in shaping the accounting practices of firms. Two significant regulatory measures that have come into effect in recent times are the Internal Financial Controls (IFC) and the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX). Both have had a tremendous impact on the accounting practices of CA firms. In this article, we will take a closer look at the differences between these two measures and their impact on accounting practices.
Firstly, let's understand what IFC is. Internal Financial Controls (IFC) are mechanisms put in place to ensure the accuracy and completeness of a company's financial statements. It involves a set of procedures or controls that help organizations to manage risks effectively, safeguard assets, and comply with regulatory requirements. The main objective of IFC is to ensure that financial data is accurate, transparent, and reliable. It helps to identify potential errors or fraud and ensures that financial information is timely and accurate.
On the other hand, the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX) is a US federal law that was enacted in 2002 to regulate public companies' financial reporting. It is intended to improve the accuracy and reliability of financial statements, protect investors, and restore public confidence in the financial markets. SOX primarily focuses on internal controls, corporate governance, and financial reporting. It requires companies to establish internal control systems and procedures for financial reporting and disclose any deficiencies in internal controls.
Now that we understand the difference between the two regulatory measures, let's take a closer look at their impact on accounting practices.
IFC has had a significant impact on accounting practices in CA firms. It has placed a greater emphasis on internal controls and financial reporting. CA firms need to ensure that their clients have established and implemented effective IFC measures to ensure that their financial statements are accurate, complete, and reliable. IFC also requires regular financial reporting and auditing to ensure the accuracy and completeness of financial data. CA firms need to ensure that their clients meet these requirements promptly.
SOX has had a massive impact on accounting practices in CA firms. It has established strict regulations for financial reporting, internal controls, and corporate governance. Companies need to establish and maintain effective internal controls and financial reporting procedures to comply with SOX regulations. This includes establishing a code of ethics, ensuring independent audit committees, and implementing financial controls and procedures. CA firms that work with publicly traded companies need to ensure that their clients are compliant with SOX regulations. SOX has also increased the demand for audit and assurance services, and CA firms have had to hire additional staff to provide these services.
Both IFC and SOX have had a significant impact on accounting practices in CA firms. While IFC has focused more on internal controls and financial reporting, SOX has established strict regulations for financial reporting, corporate governance, and internal controls. CA firms need to ensure that their clients are compliant with these regulations and have implemented effective measures to manage risks and safeguard assets. Overall, compliance with these measures has led to greater transparency, accuracy, and reliability in financial reporting, which benefits investors and the public.
I.P. Pasricha & Co helps clients manage the complexity of defining and documenting IT controls, as well as regular testing and reporting on such controls under the appropriate IFC and SOX laws.
submitted by Interesting-Dot4986 to u/Interesting-Dot4986 [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 15:08 Dismal-Jellyfish Why we should expect a rate hike in June: A review of what Fed officials have said and what incoming data is saying.

Why we should expect a rate hike in June: A review of what Fed officials have said and what incoming data is saying.
Good morning Superstonk! Jellyfish back with you to review what folks from the Fed have been saying and to pair it with data to show that we are likely to see a rate hike in June.

Let's get to it!

First, this all 'starts' back with the last announcement 5/3.
5/3/23 Federal Reserve issues FOMC decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate to 5 to 5-1/4 percent:
Economic activity expanded at a modest pace in the first quarter. Job gains have been robust in recent months, and the unemployment rate has remained low. Inflation remains elevated.
The U.S. banking system is sound and resilient. Tighter credit conditions for households and businesses are likely to weigh on economic activity, hiring, and inflation. The extent of these effects remains uncertain. The Committee remains highly attentive to inflation risks.
The Committee seeks to achieve maximum employment and inflation at the rate of 2 percent over the longer run. In support of these goals, the Committee decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate to 5 to 5-1/4 percent. The Committee will closely monitor incoming information and assess the implications for monetary policy. In determining the extent to which additional policy firming may be appropriate to return inflation to 2 percent over time, the Committee will take into account the cumulative tightening of monetary policy, the lags with which monetary policy affects economic activity and inflation, and economic and financial developments. In addition, the Committee will continue reducing its holdings of Treasury securities and agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities, as described in its previously announced plans. The Committee is strongly committed to returning inflation to its 2 percent objective.
In assessing the appropriate stance of monetary policy, the Committee will continue to monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook. The Committee would be prepared to adjust the stance of monetary policy as appropriate if risks emerge that could impede the attainment of the Committee's goals. The Committee's assessments will take into account a wide range of information, including readings on labor market conditions, inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and financial and international developments.
Voting for the monetary policy action were Jerome H. Powell, Chair; John C. Williams, Vice Chair; Michael S. Barr; Michelle W. Bowman; Lisa D. Cook; Austan D. Goolsbee; Patrick Harker; Philip N. Jefferson; Neel Kashkari; Lorie K. Logan; and Christopher J. Waller.
Since the announcement, Fed Governors have gone on to say:

5/8/23: Chicago Fed President Austan Goolsbee:
"I am certainly getting vibes… that a credit crunch or credit squeeze is beginning’.

"I think you have to say recession is a possibility"
"That has to be on everyone's mind"
"The total hours worked by everyone in the economy, not just the number of jobs, and you have seen that the total hours worked has not been as robustly growing as the job numbers would suggest."
The job market and the credit conditions those are the two main things we want to be looking at besides of course the prices themselves.

5/9/2023: NY Fed President John C. Williams:
  • "The Federal Reserve is committed to bringing inflation down. As the Mandalorian would say, "Price stability."
    • ""This is the way.""
  • "The FOMC is mandated by Congress to promote maximum employment and price stability. The goals of our dual mandate are intrinsically linked."
    • "Specifically, price stability is essential for the economy to reach its full potential and to sustain maximum employment over the long term."
  • "Last June, inflation spiked to a 40-year high of 7 percent, as measured by the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index. Since then, inflation has moderated to 4.2 percent, in large part due to a decline in energy prices. That's much better than 7 percent, but still more than double our longer-run goal of 2 percent."
  • "But the most persistent area of inflation is in core services excluding housing, which has been running around 4-1/2 percent since last August . This is driven by a continued imbalance in overall supply and demand, and it will take the longest to bring down."
  • "I expect inflation to decline to around 3-1/4 percent this year, before returning to our longer-run goal of 2 percent over the next two years."
  • "As tighter monetary policy continues to take effect, I expect real GDP to grow modestly this year, with growth then picking up somewhat next year."
  • "And I anticipate slow growth will continue to cool the labor market, with unemployment gradually rising to about 4 to 4-1/2 percent over the next year."

5/12/2023 Michelle Bowman:
  • "In my view, our policy stance is now restrictive, but whether it is sufficiently restrictive to bring inflation down remains uncertain."
  • "In my view, the most recent CPI and employment reports have not provided consistent evidence that inflation is on a downward path, and I will continue to closely monitor the incoming data as I consider the appropriate stance of monetary policy going into our June meeting."
  • "In response to the recent bank failures, it is tempting to engage in a wholesale revision of the bank regulatory framework. Before changing rules, we need to take a critical look at actual weaknesses, and acknowledge the strengths that should be preserved."
  • "Accountability is critical for both the bank and for supervisors. Where regulators have failed in supervision, we must hold ourselves accountable."
  • "Calls for radical reform of the bank regulatory framework—as opposed to targeted changes to address identified root causes of banking system stress—are incompatible with the fundamental strength of the banking system."

5/12/2023 Fed Governor Philip N. Jefferson:
  • "Current inflation is still high."
    • "Personal consumption expenditures (PCE) inflation, the black line, stands at 4.2 percent, and core PCE inflation, the red line, stands at 4.6 percent for year-end March 2023."

  • "Overall, news on inflation so far this year has been mixed."
    • "The good news is that food and energy prices both fell in March, and total PCE inflation slowed to 4.2 percent from 5 percent in February."
    • "Since peaking last June, inflation has declined about 2.75 percentage points—with nearly all the step-down explained by falling energy prices and slowing food prices."
    • "The bad news is that there has been little progress on core inflation."

  • "Core goods inflation, the red line in the image above has come down since its peak of 7.6 percent in February 2022, but the most recent news has been discouraging."
  • "Outside of used motor vehicle prices, which fell unexpectedly in March, disinflation in core goods prices is occurring at a slower pace than expected."
  • "Supply and demand imbalances in the goods sector seem to be resolving less quickly than expected."
  • "Core housing services inflation, the black line in the image above, surged over the past couple of years as demand in the housing sector underwent a major shift during the pandemic."
  • "The latest monthly readings have started to slow, though that is not yet evident in the 12-month changes shown in the image above."
  • "The recent slowing was presaged by a flattening out of rents on new leases to new tenants since the middle of last year."
    • "In contrast, core services excluding housing inflation, the blue dashed line in the image above, has not shown much sign of slowing."

5/16/2023 Cleveland Fed governor Loretta J Mester:

5/16/2023 Richmond Fed Governor Thomas Barkin:

“I do want to learn more about what’s happening with all these lagged effects. But I also want to reduce inflation,” “And if more increases are what’s necessary to do that I’m comfortable doing that.”

5/18/2023 Fed Governor Philip N. Jefferson:

I am guided by the dual mandate assigned to the Federal Reserve by the U.S. Congress: price stability and maximum employment.
On the one hand, inflation is too high, and we have not yet made sufficient progress on reducing it.
On the other hand, GDP has slowed considerably this year, and even though the effect has been muted in the labor market so far, demand clearly has begun to feel the effects of interest rates that are 5 percentage points higher than they were a little over a year ago.
History shows that monetary policy works with long and variable lags, and that a year is not a long enough period for demand to feel the full effect of higher interest rates.

5/22/23 St. Louis Fed’s James Bullard:

  • backs two more hikes.
  • Bullard would have central bank push interest rates up to 5.5%-5.75% range

5/24/2023 Christopher J Waller:

"Inflation Is Stubbornly High" "Almost no progress." "The news on core inflation was similar." "I do not support stopping rate hikes unless we get clear evidence that inflation is moving down towards our 2 percent objective."

What the Data is saying? Inflation is Re-accelerating!!!:

On rent (remember, rent prices account for the largest proportion of CPI and PCE), the median asking rent was $1,734, up by $4 from last month and down by $43 from the peak but still $348 (25.1%) higher than the same time in 2019 (pre-pandemic):
So much for rents flattening, right Jefferson?
Zillow data backs this up. Zillow's observable rent index (asking rents advertised by landlords)
Asking rents climbed by $12, or 0.6%, from March to April, according to the latest edition of the Zillow Observed Rent Index (ZORI). That brings the index to $2,018, for a cumulative 1.3% increase since its recent low point in January, at $1,991. The 0.6% monthly increase is slightly smaller than the typical April increase of 0.7%, averaged over data from 2016 to 2019, suggesting that today’s growth is still driven mainly by seasonal factors, and that overall leasing conditions are still somewhat cool for this time of year. Typical asking rents at the national level now stand at $2,018, which is 5.3% higher than one year ago, and 0.5% higher than the peak of $2,008 observed in September 2022. That annual growth rate is now down almost 12 percentage points from the peak growth rate of 16.9%, the record-high pace reached in February 2022.
  • 'Typical rent' is the highest ever at $2018 per month
  • April is the biggest month-to-month increase since August and still appears to be growing
  • Annualized, April's rate of increase would be 7.4%

For the Fed governor's above 'looking to see the data', the biggest component of CPI and PCE inflation is still raging from inflation.

The core PCE price index (excludes food and energy and is the Fed's favorite inflation index and the one they base policy after) re-accelerated in April as well.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, on a year-over-year basis, the core PCE price index jumped by 4.7%, same as in July 2022, and up from a 4.6% increase in March
Please note, the (shittly drawn) RED line below is the Fed's stated 2% goal for inflation:
For almost a year now it has been stuck around 5%! On a month-to-month basis it is not slowing down either:
Again, services are where nearly 2/3 of consumer spending goes and it is still growing, 8.4% on a year-to-year basis:
Again, jumping month-to-month:
Another view of it all from the NY Fed:
Okay, so it is pretty darn clear that inflation is not tamed and rates need to go higher. Does the labor market and broader economy (as measured vid GDP) data 'support'? (I use this term VERY loosely, more to show that these areas can take on the pain of additional rate hikes)

The Labor Market:
Employment is still strong and wages are 'elevated' higher than Jefferson is comfortable with as indicated above (can't have raises above 2% now, can we?)...

On the GDP front, first-quarter GDP was revised up to 1.3% from 1.1%:

The revised GDP is another reason for Jefferson called out above to agree to a rate hike
I have to imagine it was powered by this RECORD spending by consumers!
It looks like a LOT of this spending has gone on credit cards for consumers:
From 1st quarter 2022 to 1st quarter 2023, total household debt has increased $1,205 billion to $17.05 trillion (+7.57%)--Mortgage balances ($864 billion), HELOC ($22 billion), Student loans ($14 billion), Auto loans ($93 billion), Credit Card debt ($145 billion), Other ($67 billion).

When will inflation end?

In my opinion, it will not be unless and until the Fed get the Federal Funds rate at and ABOVE Core CPI and as we can see, they still have work to do:
Once the Fed can get this 'narrower ban' of goods and services in control, the rest of core PCE should follow.


  • Fed Governors say they will consider more rate hikes based on data
  • Review of data shows the job is not done
  • Expect a June rate hike
  • How does this relate to GameStop?
    • The broader economy is seeing regional banks blow up at these rates, what sort of stress will higher rates cause in the banking system with those trying to maintain their short positions for another day?
submitted by Dismal-Jellyfish to Superstonk [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 15:06 JonathanPhillipFox So I have it on Good Authority, that, the, Forensic Fiction of, "Excited Delirium," as a cause of Death, During Arrest, Is, Most-Likely, the Well Known and Documented to absolute-hell-and-back Phenomenon of, "Capture Myopathy," as is the Fact, Fact, that Mammals Often Die in Capture FROM Restraints.

submitted by JonathanPhillipFox to boringdystopia [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 14:58 ScholarNeonBot The International Olympic Committee reacts to the ongoing wrestlers protest in India. Image tweeted by ESPN India. Source in comments

The International Olympic Committee reacts to the ongoing wrestlers protest in India. Image tweeted by ESPN India. Source in comments submitted by ScholarNeonBot to IndiaOpen [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 14:58 anonymouse_2001 The International Olympic Committee reacts to the ongoing wrestlers protest in India. Image tweeted by ESPN India. Source in comments

The International Olympic Committee reacts to the ongoing wrestlers protest in India. Image tweeted by ESPN India. Source in comments submitted by anonymouse_2001 to india [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 14:55 frankenberrylives Send The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) a Tip

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)
CFIUS is an interagency committee authorized to review certain transactions involving foreign investment in the United States and certain real estate transactions by foreign persons, in order to determine the effect of such transactions on the national security of the United States.


Members of the public are encouraged to send CFIUS tips, referrals, or other issues related to national security risks and foreign investment in the United States.
submitted by frankenberrylives to eMaginCorp [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 14:24 skepticaIIyskeptic1 United World Wrestling and International Olympic Committee statements on Protests by Wrestlers

United World Wrestling and International Olympic Committee statements on Protests by Wrestlers submitted by skepticaIIyskeptic1 to indiansports [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 13:59 upbstock 🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞🏞

As investing trends come in and out of fashion, it can be difficult to navigate what is real and will power the future, and what is hype and will eventually fade. Trading companies that are in the thick of the trends can also be tricky, especially when trying to recognize value ahead of the broader market and appraising how the given technology will play out. Others that are looking for a quick buck might want to jump on the train in any event, even if it's for a quick ride, though the short-term strategy can quickly leave a bag holder with a screen full of red at the end of a big run-up on a stock price.
Enter Nvidia: The company, a leader in artificial intelligence hardware and software, saw its shares soar 24.6% to $380 in AH trading on Wednesday, bringing its YTD gain to over 160%. The latest movement came after the firm posted Q1 results that topped expectations and blew away forecasts for the upcoming period. "Demand [related to generative AI and large language models] has extended our data center visibility out a few quarters and we have procured substantially higher supply for the second half of the year," Nvidia (NASDAQ:NVDA) executives said on an earnings call. "The easiest way to think about that is over the next four or five, 10 years, most of that trillion dollars, and compensating adjusting for all the growth in data center still, it will be largely generative AI."
In fact, Nvidia is indicated to open today with a market-cap gain of more than $185B, making it worth more than Meta (META) or Tesla (TSLA), and it might even turn into the biggest single-day record (Apple (AAPL) rose by $191B in November 2022). Peers are riding the sentiment higher, such as rival chipmaker Advanced Micro Devices (NASDAQ:AMD) +8.5%, AI software maker (NYSE:AI) +9.3% and Palantir (NYSE:PLTR) +7.7%. Bigger players like Microsoft (MSFT) and Alphabet (GOOG, GOOGL), which are incorporating generative AI into their platforms, rose as well, while the AI rally sent Nasdaq futures up nearly 2% overnight.
But... the jury is still out on artificial intelligence. There's no doubt that companies are on the brink of something big, and that it will change many industries and how we do things, but it's important to separate hype from reality when talking about any emerging technology. Remember the Internet of Things? Web 3.0? The metaverse? DeFi, blockchain, and NFTs? Many shares related to companies operating in these spaces have seen their prices dwindle from the record highs seen when the news cycle was first played up. Contrast that to smartphones, streaming, e-commerce and the cloud, which have had much more lasting impacts on business investment, the labor market and broader economy.
From the comments section: "[NVDA's] $6B rev and $2B in researching and development. That's how to build the future. Incredible stock," writes SA premium user ErikInvest, while chris hafferty adds "AI is as significant as the commercialization of electricity!" Raph86 counters that "from the COVID everything bubble right to the AI bubble... Market demands more of the sweet stuff!" in SA article, Nvidia Fiscal Q1 2024 Earnings: Solid Beat, But Hedge Your Bets. "The valuation does NOT have to be justified," replies Natturner1966. "It's the stock market, not a college finance class." (22 comments)
On negative watch
The United States is in danger of losing Fitch's top sovereign debt status due to "increased political partisanship that is hindering reaching a resolution to raise or suspend the debt limit." The "AAA" long-term foreign currency issuer default rating was placed on Rating Watch Negative, though Fitch still expects a resolution before the so-called "X-date," which can impact the U.S. Dollar Index (DXY). Recall that in 2011, the U.S. lost its top rating at S&P, as the government approached default in a similar standoff. S&P has not restored the country to its highest rating, but the last of the Big Three credit rating agencies, Moody's, still has its highest "Aaa" ranking on the U.S. (42 comments)
Here comes the sun
Solar is emerging as an energy superpower with this year's global investment in the sector ($380B) set to surpass spending on oil production ($370B) for the first time. That's according to Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency, who said the development "will soon start to see a very different energy system emerging and we can keep the 1.5C goal alive." The change is a result of strong subsidies and tax credits like the Inflation Reduction Act, as well as policy alignment among nations towards climate and energy security, and better economics of alternative power sources. "Clean energy is moving fast, faster than many people realize," Birol added. "For every dollar invested in fossil fuels, about $1.7 are now going into clean energy. Five years ago, this ratio was 1:1." (9 comments)
Pause in June?
Almost all Federal Reserve officials at the FOMC's May 2-3 meeting said downside risks to growth and upside risks to unemployment had increased due to banking stresses, according to the minutes published from the gathering. Participants "generally expressed uncertainty about how much more policy tightening may be appropriate," while some noted that additional "policy firming would likely be warranted at future meetings." That means the bank is still divided on whether to continue raising interest rates, especially if progress in bringing down inflation to the Fed's 2% target remains "unacceptably slow." The policymaking committee in May increased its key rate by 25 bps to a range of 5.00%-5.25%, representing its 10th straight rate hike, while odds rose of the Fed pausing in June following the release of the minutes. (56 comments)
Today's Markets
In Asia, Japan +0.4%. Hong Kong -1.9%. China -0.1%. India +0.2%. In Europe, at midday, London -0.3%. Paris -0.3%. Frankfurt -0.2%. Futures at 6:30, Dow -0.2%. S&P +0.6%. Nasdaq +1.9%. Crude -1.9% to $72.95. Gold -0.1% to $1963.50. Bitcoin -1.7% to $26,256. Ten-year Treasury Yield +4 bps to 3.76%
Today's Economic Calendar
8:30 GDP Q1 8:30 Initial Jobless Claims 8:30 Chicago Fed National Activity Index 8:30 Corporate profits 9:50 Fed's Barkin Speech 10:00 Pending Home Sales 10:30 EIA Natural Gas Inventory 11:00 Kansas City Fed Mfg Survey 1:00 PM Results of $35B, 7-Year Note Auction 4:30 PM Fed Balance Sheet
Companies reporting earnings today »
What else is happening...
Final GDP data shows Europe's largest economy entered recession.
Microsoft (MSFT) says Chinese hackers attacked 'critical' infrastructure.
Meta Platforms (META) wraps up spring layoffs, deepest in tech.
The implications of Apple's (AAPL) deal with Broadcom (AVGO).
Snowflake (SNOW) plunges as lowered forecast outweighs Q1 results.
Kohl's (KSS) pops on earnings topper, reaffirms guidance.
FTC is probing bidding collusion for these baby-formula makers.
Breakthrough innovation: Nike (NKE) reshuffles C-suite responsibilities.
Icahn Enterprises (IEP) continues slide as Ackman fans the flames.
Google (GOOGL) and European Commission to develop AI governing pact.
submitted by upbstock to Optionmillionaires [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 13:57 Csokikutya Just out of curiosity: What do you think when will we be able to "buy" an xbox gift card with reward points if these are the only awards reachable right now in Hungary? Thanks in advance! PS: The page is in Hungarian, sorry :(

Just out of curiosity: What do you think when will we be able to submitted by Csokikutya to MicrosoftRewards [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 13:55 Vx44338 I would like to ask about the different Fire fighting Techniques your Fire Department/Brigade/Service uses to assist my growth as a Fire Fighter. If you could lend me your time? 😀

G'day everyone Aussie Fire Fighter here! (Volunteer & Career Oil & Gas Emergency Response Instructor)
I'm still new in my instructing career & I love the job because it assists me in sharpening my skills everyday. I'm still trying to learn everyday & I thought this would be a great place to ask fellow Firies from across the globe if they minded sharing some different fire fighting & training techniques!
So basically can I ask for training video links to techniques your fire department use for the following.
-Internal Gas Cooling & Door entry. What techniques do you use in your department?
Thanks in advance From across the pond.
submitted by Vx44338 to Firefighting [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 13:25 Naurgul Rescue groups accuse Malta of coordinating the return of 500 migrants to Libya, where they were subsequently imprisoned, instead of saving them

Rescue groups accuse Malta of coordinating the return of 500 migrants to Libya, where they were subsequently imprisoned, instead of saving them
The group of migrants, which included 55 children and pregnant women, had been trying to reach Europe on May 23 aboard a rusty iron fishing vessel when they reported to Alarm Phone - a hotline for migrants in distress - that they were adrift and taking in water, the NGOs said in a statement.
Migrants aboard the vessel shared their GPS location with Alarm Phone showing they were in international waters in an area of the Mediterranean where Malta is responsible for search and rescue.
Despite repeated requests for help sent to Maltese authorities, the migrants were reportedly taken back to Benghazi in eastern Libya three days later, Alarm Phone said, citing relatives of the migrants.
Both the IOM and the UNHCR have repeatedly condemned the return of migrants and refugees to Libya, saying the lawless nation should not be considered a safe place for disembarkation as required by international maritime law.
submitted by Naurgul to europes [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 11:48 Sad_Elevator_1210 "Low-educated trash, Cian_Ci"

As a low-educated trash, Colonel Cian_Ci enjoys compensating for his failed real-life by exerting his influence online. Colonel Cian_Ci has been active on the internet since 2013, quickly becoming a nuisance in the community. In 2014, his mental capacity downgraded to that of a rabbit, marking the beginning of his illustrious history of trolling. On the web, Cian_Ci rolls around in garbage talk, claiming to be patriotic, but his "patriotic" remarks are nothing more than insincere criticism influenced by absurd comic strips. Following the end of the Battle of Wendenyu in 2015, Colonel Cian_Ci vigorously defended General Hou Jusen and became one of the appointed "patriotic youth" by the Communist Youth League Central Committee. Since 2016, Cian_Ci has actively restrained himself from indulging in sensual pleasures, adhering to the policy of "abstaining from indulgence" promoted by rabbit trash culture.
Some believe that the reason why Cian_Ci, a technical school student, became the leader of the Righteous and Harmonious Fist is due to his skill in exchanging vulgar insults with Naba and his outstanding bootlicking abilities. In order to prove his victim status, he even released his complete household registration information. However, the truth is not as simple as it seems.
After the Battle of Wendenyu escalated into a chaotic internal struggle among the warlords of the Righteous and Harmonious Fist Committee, Cian_Ci decisively betrayed the Shandong Committee and joined the Fujian Committee. Consequently, it was only after the victory of the Fujian Committee that he successfully became a prominent figure managing the Central Committee of the Righteous and Harmonious Fist and the QQ public account. In his conversations with the members of the Righteous and Harmonious Fist, he relentlessly uses derogatory language, promoting the so-called "positive energy" of rabbit trash culture and associating it with bootlicking Zhao. He recommends intellectually deficient and critical articles to improve their ideological level. However, it is quite remarkable that there are still people who sing praises for this sorry figure called Cian_Ci.
submitted by Sad_Elevator_1210 to u/Sad_Elevator_1210 [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 10:17 _MargaretThatcher 1.3 Tax Law Change and Why It's Not Good

1.3 Tax Law Change and Why It's Not Good

The relevant tax laws and their distinctivenesses (1.3) followed by their 1.2 counterparts. From Victoria 3 Wiki
Time to live up to my account name and complain about tax laws.
In 1.3 the tax laws for Proportional Taxation and Graduated Taxation had their tax effects altered, and not in a way that makes sense. This change is to my knowledge undocumented, though it is fairly obvious. Prior to 1.3, Proportional Taxation had equal dividends and income tax rates, whereas Graduated Taxation had increased dividends tax rate and slightly decreased income tax rate. On and after 1.3, Graduated Taxation had its effects replaced with tuned-down Proportional Taxation, and Proportional Taxation received a new system with an income tax rate and a very small dividends tax rate.
I assume the reasoning was one of the following:
  1. These alterations were made to represent the diminishing marginal value of income, which is the primary argument as to why completely proportional tax laws ("flat taxes") are effectively regressive tax systems by making proportional taxation regressive if one inspects the tax/income proportion in the population tab.
  2. These alterations were made to reflect the flavor description of these laws rather than their names (to a degree). Proportional Taxation specifically mentions income tax, while, Graduated Taxation specifically mentions dividends tax.
  3. These alterations were made to reflect that when implemented in the real world, completely proportional tax laws are effectively regressive because those with more money tend to have an easier time avoiding taxes, so under proportional taxation with tax evasion weighted towards the rich, proportional taxation becomes regressive.
  4. These alterations were made to allow Graduated Taxation to produce a net greater tax income over more of the game. In previous versions, once the labor pool became the constraining factor for economic development the tax revenue from Graduated Taxation would fall sharply as wages rose sharply, while Proportional Taxation would stay exactly put, meaning that in the late game Proportional Taxation would collect higher taxes than Graduated Taxation.
However, none of these reasons are good reasons to make this change.
The first reason was actually already represented in the game. If your country had a substantial tax levy, and you switched from Proportional Taxation to Graduated Taxation, and paid close attention to your SoL, it would rise unusually fast in the months following the enactment of Graduated Taxation - since more income is being siphoned from those who have more income, the value of that income in terms of quality of life that is removed by taxation is lower. This effect was an emergent property of Victoria 3's economic simulation - it was already well-designed.
The second reason is a rather absurd one to make. Changing the definitions of these laws without changing their names, which refer to real-world economic concepts, so that the first thing the player sees when looking at these laws is misrepresentative of what these laws actually do is questionable design at best, and actively malicious design at worst.
The third reason is similarly absurd given that we are talking about Victoria 3. In Victoria 3, economies function at equal efficiencies whether they are laissez-faire economies, anarchic communal systems, or state-run corporatism. One man with spicy opinions and sufficient charisma walking into the Trade Union Committee after its leader kicks the bucket is enough to convince every working-class citizen that what they need is an ethnostate. It is only possible to opportunistically invade a country embroiled in a civil war if the region you're trying to conquer is under the control of the internationally-recognized government. For Victoria 3 to offer fantastical operation of a state that does not actually exist while nickel-and-diming tax laws for realism is ridiculous.
*yes, capital gains "income" exists and under proportional taxation systems IRL are typically taxed at low rates, if at all. No, this does not change how Victoria 3 should operate, since pops do not buy or sell ownership of buildings, so capital gains do not exist in Victoria 3's current system.
The fourth reason is simply bad design practice. For an economic simulator, the effects that various government policies have on the economy should ideally be an emergent property of how those laws operate. Failing this, the effects a policy has should be reasonable impacts that would be emergent if the simulation was more complex. For example, while the game does not consider what would happen to the poor if you raised poll taxes to absurd levels because you aren't allowed to do that, it makes sense that the player can collect more taxes from a proportional tax system than a per-capita tax system since a proportional tax system places less of the tax burden on the poor than a per-capita tax system and therefore higher tax revenues can be sustainably extracted without causing a famine. Most other laws in the game are tradeoffs with other laws in their category - for example, Agrarianism is optimal in countries which are more agriculturally developed than industrially and using it instead of Laissez-Faire in such countries can allow greater economic growth for a time, Interventionism allows Industrialists to invest at reasonable efficiency while allowing the government a good number of levers to alter the economy with, Laissez-Faire will generally give the greatest autonomous economic growth, cooperative ownership gives the highest SoL possible while sacrificing most autonomous investment, and Command Economy gives the State the most control possible over the economy possible while totally losing autonomous investment and increasing Bureaucracy requirements (Traditionalism and Industry Banned are just bad, because there really isn't a way in which they aren't, and historically, traditional economies fared poorly in the Victorian era). Making tax laws four tiers of progressively objectively better tax laws with wildcard consumption tax is bad design practice.
In conclusion, the previous system was fine as-was and the 1.3 change is just...not good.

submitted by _MargaretThatcher to victoria3 [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 10:05 kirilale International Rescue Committee is hiring a Data Analyst, Finance Ops with 0 - 3 years of experience United States - New York, NY.

International Rescue Committee is hiring a Data Analyst, Finance Ops with 0 - 3 years of experience United States - New York, NY. submitted by kirilale to DataAnalyst_com [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 08:40 Fine_Position3742 Ang aga nito ha

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2023.05.31 07:21 4668fgfj The origins of the term "National Bolshevik" in the context of the post-WW1 revolutionary wave

The purpose of this post is to discuss the historical period following World War One, as it has interesting things within it to learn about the concept of a "revolutionary period" and what that actually entails. You may have heard someone use that term before but without the proper historical context of what a revolutionary period even is it can be difficult to understand why someone might be saying that something is true or should happen "only in a revolutionary period" as an example. Specifically this thread of ideas I will be presenting will help to understand many of the foreign policy and geopolitical ideas many of us hold intuitively but might provide a theoretical basis to start to understand why it is that we might think or say certain things.
To add flavour I'm going to weave it together with an explanation of the term National Bolshevism as the term was originally coined during the "revolutionary period" of the post-WW1 era, rather than the way the term is used today to describe any group of people who may have labelled themselves "National Bolsheviks" since. The term is generally used today to describe people within the Soviet Union who attempted to adapt Communism to fit with Russian Nationalism, and that became a party itself in the 1993 post-Soviet crisis where Communists and Russians nationalists together resisted the kleptocratic "liberalization" as many careerist former party members took advantage of the collapse of the soviet union to seize control of the state assets they had technical control over.
However the term actually predates even the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922, let alone any other 20th century regime (as it is sometimes erroneously used to describe people who support people who support both the Soviet Union and WW2 Germany, when this is merely circumstantial as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact achieved what the original National Bolsheviks were trying to accomplish before either of those states truly existed) The term was originally used by a German Communist named Karl Radek to describe two other German Communist member he was expelling as "National Bolsheviks". What these people wanted to do was align the revolutionary movement in Germany with that in Russia in mutual opposition to both the treaty of Versailles and the treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
I am specifically defending the prospect of this strategy in particular rather than specifically any person who might have been or could have been advocating for it and any ideas they might have had otherwise, not because it is national, or even bolshevik, but rather because I think it conforms with the idea in the Communist Manifesto of the role of Communists in relation to Proletarians where the Communists do not form separate political programs of their own and instead are supposed to align various proletarians movements together across nationality with respect to the current stage than any of those movements may find themselves in.
In what relation do the Communists stand to the proletarians as a whole?
The Communists do not form a separate party opposed to the other working-class parties.
They have no interests separate and apart from those of the proletariat as a whole.
They do not set up any sectarian principles of their own, by which to shape and mould the proletarian movement.
The Communists are distinguished from the other working-class parties by this only: 1. In the national struggles of the proletarians of the different countries, they point out and bring to the front the common interests of the entire proletariat, independently of all nationality. 2. In the various stages of development which the struggle of the working class against the bourgeoisie has to pass through, they always and everywhere represent the interests of the movement as a whole.
Therefore the irony of this position I am defending is that it was the one advocated for by people labelled National, which would clearly seem to be contrary to being independent of nationality, and Bolshevik who would seem to be sectarians seeking to mold to proletarian movement. The other irony is that for it to have been possible it would have required overcoming proletarian movements in different nationalities operating independent of one another, in addition to overcoming the sectarianism emerging between all the differing "Communist" movements in this revolutionary period. In other words this is another call in an endless stream of "stop infighting!" coupled with "everyone except for me is wrong" which just contributes to the infighting by creating a new sectarian divergence but there is very little that can be done about that. Mostly this is just an excuse to discuss a particular moment I find interesting and inner contrarian in me just wants to make the seemingly most insane position seem the most reasonable as a challenge.
Lenin was not in favour of this so it was a bit of a non-starter. In "Left-Wing" Communism: An Infantile Disorder, he criticizes people who refuse to recognize the treaties, but in addition to the tendencies of so-called National Bolsheviks, he also criticized the Left-Communists that Karl Radek and the other German Revolutionaries were often members. Here we can start to see a problem emerging as you clearly have two different revolutionary movements in two different countries who are having difficulty working with each other (with the problem of the treaties between these countries not even being the main issue they were squabbling over). While not around long enough to have become officially a Left-Communist herself, Luxembourg is associated with them as her writings are cited as a major influence on the tendency, and she is notable for criticizing Lenin's Bolshevism.
In his criticisms of National Bolshevism it is revealed however that Lenin actually seems to agree with my overall position as Infantile Disorder was written in 1920 after which the relevant events were already over.
Lastly, one of the undoubted errors of the German “Lefts” lies in their downright refusal to recognise the Treaty of Versailles. The more “weightily” and “pompously”, the more “emphatically” and peremptorily this viewpoint is formulated (by K. Horner, for instance), the less sense it seems to make. It is not enough, under the present conditions of the international proletarian revolution, to repudiate the preposterous absurdities of “National Bolshevism” (Laufenberg and others), which has gone to the length of advocating a bloc with the German bourgeoisie for a war against the Entente. One must realise that it is utterly false tactics to refuse to admit that a Soviet Germany (if a German Soviet republic were soon to arise) would have to recognise the Treaty of Versailles for a time, and to submit to it. From this it does not follow that the Independents (My Explanation: Social Democrats or Democratic Socialists, I think Luxembourgists might be included in this term, basically the Independents split off from the regular Social Democrats in protest of the regular Social Democrats support of the war, and then they just kept splitting)—at a time when the Scheidemanns were in the government, when the Soviet government in Hungary had not yet been overthrown, and when it was still possible that a Soviet revolution in Vienna would support Soviet Hungary—were right, under the circumstances**, in putting forward the demand that the Treaty of Versailles should be signed**. At that time the Independents tacked and manoeuvred very clumsily, for they more or less accepted responsibility for the Scheidemann traitors, and more or less backslid from advocacy of a ruthless (and most calmly conducted) class war against the Scheidemanns, to advocacy of a “classless” or “above-class” standpoint.
So therefore Lenin was denouncing the people who still insisted on this position despite the revolutionary period in this particular location ending. In the revolutionary period the position the National Bolsheviks wanted was the correct one according to Lenin but they became wrong by continuing to insist upon it after the moment had past.
However notably Lenin only said the treaty having already been signed would only need to be recognized for a time. This implies that a socialist Germany of some kind could eventually overcome the treaty. While not a Soviet Germany, the probably infantile National Socialists were subjected to the same historical realities when they took over, and they too could not immediately begin rejecting the treaty and immediately going to war. For instance by immediately violating the treaty of Versailles army size limits by turning Rohm's SA into the regular German Army. Interestingly the decision to remove Rohm was likely pressured onto Hitler by Hindenburg and the official army (Reichswehr) with Hindenburg threatening to declare martial law and hand control of the country over the army if Hitler did not comply with demands to remove Rohm in the few months Hindenburg had remaining in his life as his health failed.
Both the Reichswehr and the conservative business community continued to complain to Hindenburg about the SA. In early June, defence minister Werner von Blomberg issued an ultimatum to Hitler from Hindenburg: unless Hitler took immediate steps to end the growing tension in Germany, Hindenburg would declare martial law and turn over control of the country to the army. The threat of a declaration of martial law from Hindenburg, the only person in Germany with the authority to potentially depose the Nazi regime, put Hitler under pressure to act.
This challenges the general idea that Hitler was immediately supremely powerful over everything, or that it was Hitler who did not want some apparently revolutionary army taking over in a second revolution. Rather the conservative aristocratic army in coordination with the pressure from international diplomats were able to enforce Hitler's compliance with them, with Hitler deciding to remain in control when given the ultimatum by Hindenburg. In my opinion the fact that Hitler dragged his feet for this long probably has more to do with Hitler realizing that have multiple sources of power was probably better than only having legal power. The article seems to indicate that Hitler "wanted" to do this earlier but held some kind of personal friendship with Rohm that made him reluctant to act against him, but that doesn't actually make sense. Hitler was power hungry yes, but it wouldn't make sense to not want to keep the SA in his back pocket as a challenging force to the military if he was power hungry like his was. It also however exposes the folly of the notion that one could force cooperation between classes in this manner with some supreme leader managing the class differences. Clearly not even Hitler could govern class unbiasedly, the conservative military was not going to allow their positions to be threatened by Hitler's dual-power-in-waiting.
Looping back to National Bolshevism, while the "National Bolsheviks" predated the National Socialists and didn't have anything to do with them, in principle the experience of National Socialism was the most likely outcome of any proposal for some kind of bourgeois alliance with the proletariats relegated to the junior position. The conservative military patriot support to the Red Army in Hungary was with the vanguard who in theory represented the proletariat in the senior position, however the Hungarians were capable of achieving this because it occurred during the revolutionary period where the proletariat was in a position to have the patriots join them instead of attempting to have some kind of revolution by joining the patriots. In short, revolution first, national liberation after. The path to national liberation must lay through revolution instead of seeking revolution through national liberation, because the reactionary classes will always be traitors with class interest upfront before national interest because it is the reactionary classes who have the most to lose in class terms.
Lenin himself seemingly called the November Criminals responsible for the treaty like Scheidemanns "traitors" so it is unfair to blame Bolshevism for the mistakes of the "independents" because they were not associated, and if what Lenin is saying about the situation is accurate it was precisely through calls for "classlessness" that the so-called "independents" abandoned the very class struggle which would have saved Germany from this fate. Therefore calls for classlessness to get out of a situation caused by classlessness were misguided, you cannot merely invert classlessness and get yourself in a different situation than you started in because the situations you found yourself in was never classless to begin with! It will always be the same classes making the decisions regardless of how you might invert your classless approach, and those classes will always be more interested in protecting their particular positions than whatever it is they claim to be focusing on.
There was a lot of confusion in this period and numerous tendencies diverging from one another, the reason being is that in the wake of the Russian Revolution and the end of the First World War there was a period of revolutionary activity across the entire world. While Russia and Germany are often the most focused upon due to the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany being our core 20th century players and many seeing these revolutions as the origin points of these things with a compare and contrast analysis being done to understand why one failed and the other succeeded. In the light of understanding the world revolution as a wave or period, looking at just these two revolutions becomes parochial, as there was clearly one singular revolution going on across the world in the same way as during the Revolutions of 1848 when the Communist Manifesto was published.
Indeed Marx and Engels viewed 1848 as a singular revolution and would have viewed the similar wave of revolutions that peaked in 1919 but spanned from 1917-1923 as a singular revolution. Arguably they would have also viewed all revolutions dating back to the beginning of history as one singular revolution but while they would say things like that they were also capable of distinguishing particular revolutions from each other and would recognize revolutions as being global affairs composed of mutually supporting local revolutions.
While differing in severity there was revolutionary activity in numerous countries ranging from the Two Red Years in Italy to the much less impressive sounding Red Week) in the Netherlands. Even as far away as Canada, Australia, and South Africa there were labour revolts in this period. The case of Canada is a bit emblematic of the obscurity of the scale of these events in popular history, as while the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 is well known, much like with only Russia and Germany being discussed the strike wave nature of the events in Canada just as in the world tends to fall out of discussion, as for instance this wave actually started with a general strike in Vancouver that was crushed by the military.
In the Preface to the 1882 Russian Edition of the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels even suggested in the wake of the assassination of the Tsar Liberator that the impending Russian (bourgeois) Revolution would serve as a signal for the Western proletariat to have their Revolution, and that the Russian Revolution could end up being communist alongside the West.
And now Russia! During the Revolution of 1848-9, not only the European princes, but the European bourgeois as well, found their only salvation from the proletariat just beginning to awaken in Russian intervention. The Tsar was proclaimed the chief of European reaction. Today, he is a prisoner of war of the revolution in Gatchina, and Russia forms the vanguard of revolutionary action in Europe.
The Communist Manifesto had, as its object, the proclamation of the inevitable impending dissolution of modern bourgeois property. But in Russia we find, face-to-face with the rapidly flowering capitalist swindle and bourgeois property, just beginning to develop, more than half the land owned in common by the peasants. Now the question is: can the Russian obshchina, though greatly undermined, yet a form of primeval common ownership of land, pass directly to the higher form of Communist common ownership? Or, on the contrary, must it first pass through the same process of dissolution such as constitutes the historical evolution of the West?
The only answer to that possible today is this: If the Russian Revolution becomes the signal for a proletarian revolution in the West, so that both complement each other, the present Russian common ownership of land may serve as the starting point for a communist development.
Now 1882 didn't turn into a revolution in Russia and there were several false starts like in 1905, but eventually it did finally happen. However seemingly with Lenin's New Economic Policy, both scenarios discussed ended up needing to happen. The Russian Revolution was both Communist and they felt it impossible to transition straight into Communism and thus had to allow some kind of bourgeois property relation to develop, and then later on had to eliminate this thing they created themselves in a rather unfortunate series of events. Additionally while the Russian Revolution did prove to be a signal for the Western proletariat to have their revolution, the proletariat revolution in this period failed.
In the spirit of this discussion I'm going to be argue that these were not separate incidents but rather the failure of the western proletariat's revolution is why Lenin implemented the NEP in 1922, in part because of internal rebellions calling for these things, and because the international revolution seemingly failed resulting in a loss of hope that the western proletariat would in some way save them, which had to result in some kind of proletarian vanguard party lead bourgeois state emerging on the fly. Stalin would later have to undo both these consequences in the events he is criticized most for, as in addition to reversing the NEP with collectivization, he also undid the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk when as Molotov said "One kick from the German army and another from the Soviet Army put an end to this ugly product of Versailles" in regards to Poland.
Polish independence being quite the unfortunate sacrifice here considering how supportive of it Engels was in the 1892 Polish Preface the the Communist Manifesto.
But the rapid development of Polish industry, outstripping that of Russia, is in its turn a new proof of the inexhaustible vitality of the Polish people and a new guarantee of its impending national restoration. And the restoration of an independent and strong Poland is a matter which concerns not only the Poles but all of us. A sincere international collaboration of the European nations is possible only if each of these nations is fully autonomous in its own house. The Revolution of 1848, which under the banner of the proletariat, after all, merely let the proletarian fighters do the work of the bourgeoisie, also secured the independence of Italy, Germany and Hungary through its testamentary executors, Louis Bonaparte and Bismarck; but Poland, which since 1792 had done more for the Revolution than all these three together, was left to its own resources when it succumbed in 1863 to a tenfold greater Russian force. The nobility could neither maintain nor regain Polish independence; today, to the bourgeoisie, this independence is, to say the last, immaterial. Nevertheless, it is a necessity for the harmonious collaboration of the European nations. It can be gained only by the young Polish proletariat, and in its hands it is secure. For the workers of all the rest of Europe need the independence of Poland just as much as the Polish workers themselves.
(The call for "full autonomy in a nation's own house" is probably worth explaining. Nations that should be autonomous are nations which can be autonomous all on their own without international meddling. Engels was notoriously against all the south slavs for their pan-slavism because their independence was necessitated by interference from Imperial Russia, in part because he was still mad about the revolutions of 1848 not working out where Russian intervened to supposedly rescue the south Slavs. He was even still mad at them 34 years later when he reaffirmed Polish independence alongside Irish independence as the most crucial national struggles to support. The reason being that Poland rejected pan-Slavism and was instead independently nationalist.
That Poland could stand alone (and more importantly that Polish agitation threatened three reactionary imperial monarchies in Germany, Austria, and Russia at the same time. Ireland being important to screw around with the bourgeois British Empire as Marx and Engels increasingly saw the absentee revenues the British ruling class generated for themselves in Ireland as being the key to their parliamentary political dominance in England against both lower class and anti-imperialist challenges which were often the same thing) is why Polish independence was so supported. Standing alone is important because autonomous nations can switch between the rule of various classes without the risk of foreign interference on the part of imperialist reactionaries putting things back the way they were to protect their sphere of influence. The issue is that Polish independence ended up being a thorn in the side of the revolution when Polish independence was granted through Wilsonian liberal internationalism and during the Russian Civil War the Red Army tried and failed to retaliate against Poland when they joined forces with the Entente Liberal Imperialists that were intervening in the civil war in what is called the Soviet-Poland War.
For you NATO fans the opposition to NATO comes from this concept of being against spheres of influence, with a preference for complete independence. The Soviets or even Russia joining NATO however transform the institution from an American sphere of influence into just some vague "nobody invade anybody else okay guys thanks bye" treaty which is what it is sold as. So long as Russia is not included in NATO it fails to fulfill its stated purpose of ensuring peace in europe, and it must be opposed because it does not protect the independence of the nations within it, rather it makes them subservient to the United States. The counter-balance of Russia inside the block is sufficient that the nations within it could seamlessly transfer between spheres of influence, or more importantly, not be in anyone's sphere of influence at all by successfully playing the US and Russia off each other, which puts each nation in a position to pursue development with little risk of the alliance being used to punish them.
If say Luxembourg decided to go rogue it could even use the NATO treaty to argue that anyone infringing upon them should be subjected to retaliation by all the other members, and now you can have a socialist Luxembourg in the middle of Europe and they can't do anything about it because the treaty guarantees their independence with multiple dozen moving parts who might not agree on punishing this Luxembourg so long as Luxembourg doesn't militarily invade anybody. However if the organization is nothing more that an American political block with US bases every where, clearly the US would be able to pressure countries into recognizing the socialist Luxembourg as illegitimate in some way and argue it can be invaded without requiring everyone come to its defense. So NATO is good if Russia is included and US bases removed, and an in NATO Russia still isn't a threat to even Estonia if dozens of European countries are required to defend it, and that isn't even considering a late arrival of the US and Canada when they finally cross the Atlantic. The problem with NATO is that it is clearly an unofficial loosely held US empire, it stops being a problem when it is no longer this)
This whole confused mess could have been avoided had the world revolution not failed. This circles back to the Russian and German revolutions and how they were not united. Therefore the position of those labelled Nazbol is attractive merely for the sake that it would have united these two disparate revolutions. The success of either was reliant on the success of the other. The prior Bolshevik position of Peace Without Annexations or Indemnities would permanently lock in the Russian and German revolutions together in a mutual opposition to the bourgeois treaties, a pact of blood to oppose the pacts signed in ink.
Additionally opposition to the indemnity aspect of the treaty of Versailles would have been in fidelity to the revolutionary history of the Paris Commune which inspired the notion of the dictatorship of the proletariat in 1871, which was prompted in part by opposition to the burden of the reparation payments imposed on France by Bismark in response to Napolean III's failed invasion being placed on the people of France by the bourgeois government that signed that treaty. On a global scale while the opportunity for revolution by the proletariat refusing to enter World War One was squandered by the Social Democrats granting their permission, the proletariat could instead refuse to exit World War One by not granting their permission for acceptance of the bourgeois treaties just as the Paris Commune refused to accept Bismark's treaty.
Indeed opposition to the bourgeois Treaty of Trianon served as the basis for cooperation between the Nationalists and the Communists in Hungary, who unlike the Luxembourgists in Germany, were internationally aligned with the Bolsheviks in Russia with the establishment of the Hungarian Soviet Republic. The alliance however broke down with the establishment of the Slovak Soviet Republic as the Hungarian nationalists questioned why they were participating in the Hungarian Red Army if they were just going to be liberating other countries, this ended up not even being that relevant of a dispute seeing as Slovakia was never fully captured and the Czechoslovak army ended up recapturing it in a month and so the issue only lasted from June 1919 to July 1919. However it exposed the core obvious problem with the alliance between nationalists and communists, as the full Petrograd formula was "peace without annexations or indemnities, on the basis of self-determination of the peoples" so the nationalists opposed to treaties were not going to like it when the second part got implemented later.
Lenin and Stalin ran into a similar issues when Stalin opposed Georgian self-determination in 1922 and wanted them to instead join Russia, with the comical situation of Stalin calling the Georgian Mensheviks "nationalist-socialists" and the Russian Lenin accusing the Georgian Stalin of being a Russian nationalist-socialist in response. We can clearly see that there are vastly differing views on the questions of nationality all over the place and there was no one line being taken, with Hungary and Germany taking vastly different views in regards to the treaties and cooperation with nationalists, to their own unique sets of problems later on with them.
The vastly different ways everyone was handling these issues is why I argue that the best principle would have been to have no principles at all. The only communist principle in regards to nationality is international cooperation. While you had Communist revolutions in German, Hungary, and Russia, the common thread linking them together could have been opposition to the bourgeois treaties, which also would have also united them with the liberal Kemalist revolution in Turkey, thus completing the alignment of all revolutionaries in the central powers and Imperial Russia against the rest of the entente attempting to impose the bourgeois treaties, in effect adding Russia to the central powers after the imperialist war had turned into a civil war in all four imperial monarchies. That Turkey was in a vastly different stage of revolution than the other three would be irrelevant as these revolutions would still be mutually supporting of each other, and the Communists could rest assured safely knowing that while differing countries might be in different stages of revolution, they had the advantage over all others in knowing the ultimate end result of all their revolutions even if the people operating in them might not know it themselves.
The Communists, therefore, are on the one hand, practically, the most advanced and resolute section of the working-class parties of every country, that section which pushes forward all others; on the other hand, theoretically, they have over the great mass of the proletariat the advantage of clearly understanding the line of march, the conditions, and the ultimate general results of the proletarian movement.
As such the notion that one needs to be politically Communist to participate in the revolution is false. So long as a state of revolution remained, the stages of the revolution could continue moving forward. If Turkey was not materially ready for it, that need not matter so long as the Kemalists were willing to join in an anti-imperialist block in the mean time, which they were willing to do until the Soviets later started looking at the straights with desire which eventually pushed Turkey into the arms of NATO where it remains to this day. However at the time the Soviets and Turkey were quite friendly despite their obvious ideological differences merely based on this mutual geopolitical interest in so-called anti-imperialism. This anti-imperialism was selective however, with the "Mountain Turks" and "Mountain Russians" being sacrificed for it, but the benefits of not having principles means you don't exactly have to care about that. Ataturk can make poutine out of the Kurds all he wants if he remains staunchly anti-imperialist on an international level.
This gross cynical realism while obviously questionable is still consistent with Revolutionary History as all prior revolutions do not stand up to moral scrutiny when they are viewed in this way. In fact at the twilight of the 1848 revolutions Engels himself called for the Hungarians to wipeout the "counter-revolutionary" Slavs, while this is obviously not something we should want to have happened, and we definitely should not ever do this if we ever find ourselves in a position to make those decisions, it is important to understand the reasoning behind why he was saying those things, that it is the continuance of the revolution itself is both the most important thing, and something that is largely out of anyone's control in the Hegelian sense of Historicism.
The Magyar cause is not in such a bad way as mercenary black-and-yellow [colours of the Austrian flag] enthusiasm would have us believe. The Magyars are not yet defeated. But if they fall, they will fall gloriously, as the last heroes of the 1848 revolution, and only for a short time. Then for a time the Slav counter-revolution will sweep down on the Austrian monarchy with all its barbarity, and the camarilla will see what sort of allies it has. But at the first victorious uprising of the French proletariat, which Louis Napoleon is striving with all his might to conjure up, the Austrian Germans and Magyars will be set free and wreak a bloody revenge on the Slav barbarians. The general war which will then break out will smash this Slav Sonderbund and wipe out all these petty hidebound nations, down to their very names.
The next world war will result in the disappearance from the face of the earth not only of reactionary classes and dynasties, but also of entire reactionary peoples. And that, too, is a step forward.
A key fact you will observe is that they are often quite over eager in announcing the impending revolution. For instance The Magyar Struggle was published in January of 1849 in Marx's Newspaper, and Louis Napoleon was elected President of France in December of 1848. It seems as if they might have thought that this would have been more significant than it actually turned out to be. This kind of made sense though because Louis Napoleon's main opponent in the election was Louis-Eugene Cavagnac who lead the army to suppress a worker's uprising in Paris back in the "June Days" of 1848. Additionally the Hungarians did not do what Engels said they would, instead they adopted cultural assimilation policies called Magyarization, and late in the revolution into 1849 while the Russian and Austria Imperial armies were barring down on them they adopted minority right protections to try to win them back. However they were ultimately unsuccessful in repelling the Russian invasion regardless of any attempts at outreach.
What I find notable about this is that Engels essentially predicted the sides of the "next world war" (albeit there was a world war in between) that would wipeout entire peoples, but somehow ended up reversing the reactionary and revolutionary sides, as an Austrian German and the Hungarians did engage in a war against the Slavs, but because somehow the "poles of revolution" did somehow invert and head outwards from Russia like Engels said the Slavs supposedly wanted, that war was against the revolution instead of for it.
There is no country in Europe which does not have in some corner or other one or several ruined fragments of peoples, the remnant of a former population that was suppressed and held in bondage by the nation which later became the main vehicle of historical development. These relics of a nation mercilessly trampled under foot in the course of history, as Hegel says, these residual fragments of peoples always become fanatical standard-bearers of counter-revolution and remain so until their complete extirpation or loss of their national character, just as their whole existence in general is itself a protest against a great historical revolution.
Such, in Scotland, are the Gaels, the supporters of the Stuarts from 1640 to 1745.
Such, in France, are the Bretons, the supporters of the Bourbons from 1792 to 1800.
Such, in Spain, are the Basques, the supporters of Don Carlos.
Such, in Austria, are the pan-Slavist Southern Slavs, who are nothing but the residual fragment of peoples, resulting from an extremely confused thousand years of development. That this residual fragment, which is likewise extremely confused, sees its salvation only in a reversal of the whole European movement, which in its view ought to go not from west to east, but from east to west, and that for it the instrument of liberation and the bond of unity is the Russian knout — that is the most natural thing in the world.
However a lot can apparently change in almost 100 years. Russia was once seen as the bastion of reaction celebrated by the reactionaries everywhere for having invaded Hungary to put down the 1848-9 revolution, but then became the center of revolution, taking that spot from France which didn't really participate in the Revolutions despite the 1917 mutinies defused in June by Philip Petain by reassuring the soldiers by calling off the offensives that were intended to try to reassure the Provision Russian Government from the February Revolution to stay in the war and who launched the "Kerensky Offensive" in July which prompted the unsuccessful "July Days" Bolshevik uprising before the later successful October Revolution.
The absence of French participation beyond this is remarkable given how much they played a role in other revolutions and also remarkable how it was later Vichy leader Petain himself who basically defused the situation by giving the soldiers what they wanted and ending the suicidal offensives. The difference between Petain and Kerensky here and that the Russian revolution had not yet gone proletariat at this point while France was dealing with its own situation coming up from the soldiers and that the Russian version of this happened only a month afterwards should probably be focused on more here, in addition to how the differing approaches countries took on simultaneous and similar events from 1917-1923 should be analyzed like how I am suggesting
Since the Russian Revolution the apparent "pole of reaction" where global reactionaries collect as their refuge that Russia represented seemingly shifted to the United States for the Cold War after the pole reversal and global political magnetic field collapse manifesting in the out of place auroral borealis of the inter-war period and world war 2. It would be reasonable to assume that it would be just as possible for the United States to become a new center of revolution in the way Russia took that position from France despite Russia being the most reactionary power of anyone before that happened.
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2023.05.31 07:00 ukpolbot Daily Megathread - 31/05/2023

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2023.05.31 05:58 Reddit-1924 City of Jersey City, County of Hudson

City of Jersey City, County of Hudson
City of Jersey City, County of Hudson, June 6, 2023, Primary Election, VOTE COLUMN C, Mihaela G. Motintan And Helene Tobin For Members of the Hudson County Democratic Committee
✔️Committed to our community ✔️Committed to making it better ✔️Committed to keeping it affordable ✔️Committed to addressing your issues
About Helene Tobin JC resident for 22 years, earned a BA in Education (Queens College), and MA in Education, (Rutgers University). Taught in public and private schools. Developed and administered programs, as well as advocated, for the rights of immigrants, refugees, and minorities. Secured funding to promote and develop women entrepreneurship. Collaborated with Federal, State, and Local governments, and non-governmental and grassroots organizations, creating positive change for underserved communities including healthcare, social and legal services.
About Mihaela G. Motintan JC resident for 13 years with an International background. Studied Economics at ASE, (Bucharest) and LMU, (Munich). Studied Blockchain technology at MIT. Worked in banking, and real estate development in Romania, Germany, and Spain. Currently working for a Taiwan based corresponding bank, (NYC). Involved in the Paulus Hook community. Served on the Board of Directors of the Historic Paulus Hook Association (HPHA). Assisted with the preservation of the Paulus Hook Park, located on four corners (Grand St. and Washington St.), JC.
Early voting: Fri., 6/2 & Sat., 6/3, 10:00 am - 8:00 pm & Sun., 6/4, 10:00 am - 6:00 pm. Election day: Tues., 6/6, 6:00 am - 8:00 pm.
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2023.05.31 03:35 sweetfuzzybitch Long Fic #14 Poll

Please review the following and choose what you would like to be our next fic to read!
Warning! All of these are rated Mature or Explicit so please take care. As always, 18+!
Breath Mints / Battle Scars by Onyx_and_Elm
For a moment, she's almost giddy. Because Draco Malfoy's been ruined by this war and he's as out of place as she is and — yes, he has scars too. He's got an even bigger one. She wonders whether one day they'll compare sizes.
About time we voted on this one. I tried to read this forever ago and had to stop because my sensitive soul could not take it. However I'd be up to the challenge for the sake of this club.
Side note: Am I the only one who imagines Jasper Hale's iconic line "battle scars," when reading this title? Just me? Okay.
Bring Him to His Knees by Musyc
Draco is on the case of a murderer, but to investigate, he needs a fake relationship - and a kink club play partner. When Hermione volunteers to take the role, both do their best to maintain the lie without letting each other know the truth: neither of them are acting.
*Cough* Sex club in the HOUSE!!
Secrets and Masks by Emerald_Slytherin
9 years after the battle of Hogwarts, the war still rages on and everyone is much changed since their days at Hogwarts. Hermione is the most lethal soldier in The Order, spending her days on rescue missions to free captured Muggleborn slaves and fight on the front line. For years, she's been meeting in secret with a spy within Voldemort's ranks to exchange information. But, when she's captured and made prisoner at Malfoy Manor, of all the dark and evil ways she'd envisioned Malfoy would torture her, she never quite imagined anything this horrific.
I just wanted to make it abundantly clear that I was originally inspired to write this fic after I read the masterpiece that is Manacled, so I would like to thank SenLinYu for her amazing work!
The memory searching aspect of Manacled is what inspired me, and although I have adapted that, (and also made Draco head Death Eater, because... ya know... we all love it when he's Voldemort's right hand man 😅😉), Secrets and Masks will be a very very different fic all together.
Love and Other Historical Accidents by PacificRimbaud
"Hermione Granger and Draco Malfoy never intended to blow up their life's work, but that's rather what they've gone and done. Now they're trapped 200 years in the past, with a broken Time Turner, a missing snuff box, a handful of overly-eligible daughters, and a House-elf in a cable knit cardigan. It will require the combined power of their keen intellects to get them home, if they'd stop arguing long enough to use them. As it turns out, history is just one damned accident after another.
For fans of Harry Potter, Jane Austen, and Connie Willis, a historical romantic comedy all about time, and getting the hell out of it."
The author has informed us to mind the tags, "especially slow burn, miscommunication and selective obliviousness."
More from the author: "This story is a farce. Characteristic of the genre, it features exaggerated, outlandish, and unlikely comedic scenarios, physical humor, intentional absurdity, miscommunications, and a playfully mocking tone towards situations, individuals, and events. … Draco begins this story already redeemed. Both he and Hermione are flawed. … At its core, this is a romance between two people trying their best and often failing (until they don't). … this is extremely silly and meant to be that way (until it isn't)."
Happy Pills by malf0y101
"A few years after the Second Wizarding War, a group of Slytherins is drafted into a rehabilitation program created by the Ministry of Magic and one of its determined interns--one of their former classmates and the familiar Golden Girl of Gryffindor. As their marks continue to cause physical and mental pain, the Slytherins undergo intense treatment in order to relearn everything about the Wizarding World and tackle the trauma of their Dark Marks.
And although they are apprehensive, they are also desperate for someone to simply care about them."
The author has put a trigger warning for self harm and suicide! So please take care while looking over and potentially reading this one. <3
Chronos Historia by In_Dreams
"Hermione and Draco stumble upon a mysterious portal and find themselves hurtled back through time a thousand years. Forced to team up to find a way home, they quickly realize that much of the history they believed to be fact, wasn't true after all. A founders era, time travel Dramione."
This work is rated mature for "language, minor violence and sexual content." Seems to be a good read about our favorite pair time traveling to the time of the founders of Hogwarts. Sounds very cool!
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