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How Does Led Light Influence Plant Growth

2023.06.08 03:48 Buyledgrowlight How Does Led Light Influence Plant Growth

It is a vital ingredient in the process of photosynthesis where it is converted into sugar. Apart from supplying energy to the plant, light plays a huge in the plant by regulating other processes. Due to the environmental problems or lack of adequate sunlight, most growers are practicing indoor farming. The use artificial sunlight from the LEDs is increasingly becoming popular. The yield is far much better compared to the use of the natural sunlight. But how does the LED grow light influence the growth of the plant?
How does led light influence plant growth? Basically, plants need water, carbon dioxide and light to make edible food through the process of photosynthesis. With the limitation of the natural sunlight, LEDs happens to be the best alternative since they can provide artificial sunlight and amongst other advantages. LED light influences plant growth in the following three ways.
  1. Light quality The quality of light is an crucial factor when it comes to the plant growth. LEDs produce a spectrum that is almost equal to that of the natural sunlight. It is these colors in the spectrum that somehow influences the growth of the plant in a great way. Here are the main colors and how the influence the plant growth.
Blue grow light– This is one of the most important lights in the plant growth. Different studies have should that exposure of the plant to this influences that formation of the chlorophyll. It’s one of the most important parts of the plant in the process of the photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is also known for controlling the plant’s cellular respiration, and this helps in regulating the amount of water lost through evaporation.
So with the chlorophyll formation, the plant is able to retain an adequate amount of water while at the same time improving the growth of the plant by producing more food. Blue light thus affects the process of photosynthesis indirectly. With the more chlorophylls being formed, the plant can make more food, and this increases the plant growth and maturity rate. Studies have also shown that high intensity of blue light increase the metabolism in the plant and is what accelerates plant growth and development.
Red grow light - Red light plays a huge role in the plant growth. Through the red light receptors, plants can easily identify and absorb this light. Most studies have shown that plants that have been grown in the plenty of the red light appear large, taller and with plenty of leaves. This is one of the main reasons why plants grown under LED are known to produce more yield from this fact. With plenty this light being emitted by the LEDs, the grower will realize more produce from their plants.
Red light is also crucial in the controlling the flowering of the plants. If properly used, it enhances the flowering of the plants, and this definitely accelerates the maturity of the plants.Red light also influences the flavor of the plant produce. Studies have shown that it increases the concentration of the special and essential oils in the plants. This is why plants exposed to high intensities of red light have great flavor.
Far Red Light- This is an important light that’s mostly useful in the early stages of the plant development. It plays a huge role in the plant germination and later in the flowering stage. In most cases, this light works hand in hand with the red light for better yields.
  1. Duration of Light Exposure The duration under which the plant gets exposed to the light is crucial for its development. Studies have shown that plants that have been exposed to the light for long hours mature quickly and they have better yields. For instance, if the sunlight is available for 12 hours of the day, the rest dark hours will be no food making, and the plant growth will stall. LED provides the plant with light for 24 hours. This is why indoor plants have high maturity rate compared to those exposed to natural sunlight.
  2. Intensity The higher the light intensity the higher is the growth rate, and the better the yield. With LEDs, it is possible to enhance the light intensity by providing moving the lights nearer to the plant or adding more light in the growing space.
These are three ways how LED light influence plant growth. It is important to note that the main use of the light is enhancing the process of photosynthesis. All that the LEDs do is providing the plant with what it requires from the sunlight and in larger quantities for enhanced photosynthesis. This why this light results in better growth and yields compared to the natural sunlight.
I think now you are clear about how does led grow light influence plant growth?
submitted by Buyledgrowlight to u/Buyledgrowlight [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 19:58 BoredByTheChore Hardware/config recommendations for new HA install with Frigate

Hi all. A little bit of background on my experience and then what I'm hoping to achieve. I've been using HA for the past couple years, first by trying it out as an app on my Synology NAS, then by getting an ODROID N-2. I've had some challenges trying to get it to do what I want, and have mostly just settled on using the integrations that it finds by the default scan. One of the challenges I ran into was trying to get it to work with an Arlo camera: got partial success by using aarlo with HACS. Another thing that I tried and failed to do was being able to save content onto my NAS. Also didn't have much luck with Zigbee, probably due to interference between the usb dongle and my router.  
I'm going to be moving shortly and would like to set up a new HA instance on new hardware, with a focus on Frigate. I would like some recommendations on:  
1) What hardware and installation method to use for HA and Frigate. I do not mind buying new equipment, my goal here is mostly for ease of configuration. I am not a programmer; I've been able to follow along in various guides for tweaking YAML, but my experience over the past couple of years is that HA documentation isn't always clearly-written, and not always up to date. What would be the best hardware and installation method for HA? I'm still a little unclear on the differences between Supervised, Docker, etc, so whatever is simplest would be best for me. From what I've gathered trying to read up on Frigate I understand that a Coral accelerator is also probably required?
2) I'll probably have around 10 total cameras. I do not plan to have any cloud capability -- I would like the video to be stored locally. I would like to have all traffic restricted to local network communication (I will access my network via VPN if needed). So, what cameras currently fit these needs? Not looking for 4K or anything super fancy, and will want a mix of indoooutdoor. Can run whatever necessary wiring if wired is the better option. Probably won't have all 10 cameras out of the gate, but would still like to try and keep the cost per camera under $200.
submitted by BoredByTheChore to homeassistant [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 05:24 jafandaus Jafända: Embracing Clean Air Day, striving together for better air

Jafända: Embracing Clean Air Day, striving together for better air
Air pollution, a hidden enemy lurking in our lives, has imposed a severe challenge on human health globally. In an era where concrete jungles and industrial advancements are accelerating at an unprecedented pace, maintaining the quality of the air we breathe has become more crucial than ever. On this Clean Air Day, we invite you to join hands with Jafända, to strive for cleaner air, and work towards a healthier future for all.
According to a comprehensive global study published in The Lancet Planetary Health, 8.7 million people, nearly 1 in 5 of all global deaths, were linked to indoor and outdoor air pollution in 2019 alone. This staggering figure should serve as a wake-up call for us all about the importance of tackling air pollution head-on.
At Jafända, we take this mission seriously. As a professional air purifier brand, our philosophy is "Better air for you". With a dedicated team of over 20 senior experts in indoor pollution and health, we are committed to providing cleaner, healthier air for every household.
Our air purifiers are the fruits of a decade-long research process. Incorporating HEPA and activated carbon filters, our products purify the air in a comprehensive manner. They effectively filter PM2.5, pollen, dust, dust mites, smoke, pet dander, bacteria, viruses, mold spores, VOCs, SVOCs, and odor pollutants. Our unique patented technology and energy-saving design bring efficiency, quiet operation, and sustainability into your homes, creating a healthy and refreshing breathing environment.
Amidst the recent wildfires in Canada, the necessity of air purifiers has never been more evident. The pervasive smoke drastically deteriorates air quality and impacts our health. Jafända air purifiers are capable of filtering out the harmful substances from smoke, offering a reliable shield for your respiratory health.
On this Clean Air Day, we implore everyone to be more aware of indoor air quality and its impact on our health. The World Health Organization asserts that reducing air pollution could save millions of lives. Together with Jafända, we can make a substantial difference. Our air purifiers can be a pivotal step in safeguarding your health and improving your indoor air quality.
The journey to cleaner air is not an easy one, but together, we can make it possible. Clean Air Day is not just a day; it's a movement towards healthier living, a commitment to environmental sustainability. With Jafända, let's celebrate this day, acknowledge the role clean air plays in our lives, and together, strive for better air.
Let us remember, every breath counts, every action matters. Choose Jafända, choose better air for a healthier tomorrow.
submitted by jafandaus to u/jafandaus [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 14:40 propertythne Vastu Shastra Tips for a Prosperous Office


Creating a harmonious and prosperous work environment is essential for the success of any business. Many people believe that following Vastu Shastra principles in their office can bring luck, fortune, and financial prosperity. Vastu Shastra, an ancient Indian architectural science, provides guidelines for the design and arrangement of spaces to harness positive energies.
If you're looking to align your office space with Vastu principles, here are some important guidelines and tips to consider.

1. Direction of the Office Building

When constructing an office or commercial building, it is crucial to follow Vastu principles to ensure prosperity and good luck. The direction of the office building can have a significant impact on the business's success. For service-oriented businesses, the east direction is considered suitable. The north direction, associated with the lord of wealth, Kuber, is ideal for profit-making businesses. Depending on the nature of your business, the north, northeast, or northwest directions may also be favorable. Additionally, ensure that the property is surrounded by running roads when selecting a location for your office.

2. Seating Arrangement

Proper seating arrangement plays a vital role in maximizing productivity and promoting positive energy flow in the office. Here are some seating arrangement tips according to Vastu Shastra:
Employees should also consider facing the north or east while working, as it improves productivity. Sitting directly under a light beam should be avoided. If unavoidable, it can be covered with a wooden board to minimize its impact.

3. Office Entrance

The entrance of your office plays a crucial role in attracting positive energies. Ideally, the entrance should be in the north, northeast, or northwest direction. These directions are considered auspicious and bring positivity and financial profits. The north direction, associated with the lord of wealth, is particularly beneficial for accelerating financial gains. Ensure that the entrance is clean, clutter-free, and well-lit to create a positive first impression.

4. Creating Positive Energy

To foster a positive and conducive work environment, keep the office space clean, organized, and clutter-free. Store documents, stationery, and other items in locked cabinets when not in use. Avoid sleeping at the desk, as it can attract negative energies. When sitting in a cabin, make sure your back does not face the door to avoid feelings of distrust. Hang a mountain scenery picture behind your seat and place a turquoise pyramid on your desk to promote support and communication among colleagues.

5. Office Décor and Interiors

The colors and décor in your office can greatly impact the energy flow and overall ambiance. According to Vastu Shastra guidelines for office:

6. Office Lighting

Proper lighting is essential for creating a vibrant and energetic workspace. Natural light is considered auspicious, so try to maximize the use of natural light in your office. If possible, place workstations near windows to allow employees to benefit from natural light. Use full-spectrum light bulbs that mimic natural light for artificial lighting. Avoid dim or flickering lights, as they can create a dull and stagnant atmosphere.

Office Furniture and Placement

The choice and placement of office furniture can have a significant impact on the energy flow in your office. Here are some tips:

Meeting Room Placement

If your office has a meeting room or conference room, its placement is crucial for productive and successful meetings. Ideally, the meeting room should be located in the northwest or northeast direction of the office. This promotes clear communication, effective decision-making, and successful outcomes. Ensure that the meeting room is well-lit, properly ventilated, and free from any distractions or negative energy.

Office Plants

Introducing plants into your office space can bring freshness, vitality, and positive energy. Plants are known to purify the air, improve concentration, and reduce stress. Here are some recommendations for using plants in your office according to Vastu:

Balanced Elements

According to Vastu Shastra, the five elements (earth, water, fire, air, and space) should be balanced in the office to create a harmonious environment. Here are some tips for balancing these elements:


Use earthy colors like brown and yellow in the office decor. You can also place a crystal or gemstone on your desk to connect with the earth element.


Install an aquarium or a water feature in the northeast direction to attract positive energy and prosperity. Ensure that the water is clean and the aquarium is well-maintained.


Use proper lighting and incorporate the fire element through the use of candles or decorative lamps. Avoid using harsh or excessive lighting that can create a stressful environment.


Maintain good air circulation and quality in the office by opening windows, using air purifiers, and incorporating indoor plants that improve air quality.


Keep the office well-organized and clutter-free to allow for the free flow of energy. Avoid overcrowding the space with unnecessary furniture or equipment.
Remember, while Vastu Shastra principles can provide guidance for creating a harmonious and prosperous office environment, it is also important to consider practical aspects and individual preferences. Adapting Vastu guidelines to suit your specific office layout and requirements can help create a positive and conducive workspace for success.

Get To Know About: 40 Vastu Shastra Tips for Home: Better Life, Prosperity & Harmony
submitted by propertythne to u/propertythne [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 19:55 Fune-pedrop Poll ended, i presents a shock o dimension

so the poll Indie game sega saturn based? has ended, i thought about post only when i post a new devlog about the game, but i think it's better to show today.
A long time ago I played Spyro Ripto's Rage and a little bit of Nights into Dreams, in Spyro and I really liked the Speedway levels and how simple, challenging and funny they are, the same in Nights, in a 2.5D world spinning in rings, and I planned make a simple game like that, just with these characteristics.
in some searches I found another game called propcycle, an arcade game with some physics of acceleration and deceleration and I thought "hey, if I mix all this? will it be ok?" and today I bring my indie project inspired by these 32-bit games, "A clash of dimensions".
A flying game about a character who crash lands in another world after an experiment with energy crystals goes wrong, now he needs to find a way to get back to his world.
it will be a short game, with only three levels per act (3 acts) with a boss at the end of each one, here is a devlog with the actual gameplay
(please if this type of post is not allowed, let me know so I can delete it)
submitted by Fune-pedrop to SegaSaturn [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 04:20 Cephalomagus 2023 Season 3 Release Notes [Pre-Release Version]

The Release Notes for 2023 Season 3 have been posted on the iRacing Forums!
Find them posted here:

Or read them below!

2023 Season 3 Release Notes [Pre-Release Version]

This is the iRacing 2023 Season 3 Release! This release contains both content and upgrades for 2023 Season 3, which officially starts on June 12th! This season update includes three new cars: Cadillac V-Series.R GTP, Ligier JS P320, and Porsche 911 GT3 R (992). iRacing also expands its track offerings to include MotorLand Aragón (7 configs) and Willow Springs International Raceway, as well as a new 2023 Cup config for Chicago Street Course.
Our Dirt Taskforce has completed their work on the Dirt Refresh Project shared with the community back in February, and we are excited for you to experience the fruits of their labors. The Spotter System has received a Race Control-focused set of updates and new calls that will liven up your racing and keep you better informed about what is happening on the track and in the race. New challengers approach - you will now have the ability to add AI Opponent Rosters to your Hosted Sessions that utilize the Heat Racing format! We are excited to announce we have been investing time into saving you time, loading time to be precise, and this Season Release includes a first phase of loading optimizations that should get you into the driver’s seat just a little bit faster. Willow Springs International Raceway is proud to pioneer a new 3D Foliage System that automatically populates the environment with grasses, shrubs, and other creations of Mother Nature. USB Audio Hot Swapping is now fully enabled and supported by iRacing for all of your headset and speaker needs. A new Graphics Option has also been added which controls the display of all cockpit obstructions instead of this parameter being car setup specific.
The New Damage Model has been put into practice on eleven additional cars. And last but not least our AI Drivers have mastered eight new cars and twenty-four new track configurations. Welcome to iRacing 2023 Season 3!
Season highlights include:
Visit our 2023 Season 3 features page here:
Full 2023 Season 3 Release details are below.



Hosted Racing

AI Racing



Paint Shop



Windows Support

Race Servers


Dynamic Track

Race Control

Qualifying Scrutiny

Dirt Racing

AI Racing

New Damage Model

Auto Fuel



3D Foliage System

Visual Effects






Force Feedback



Official iRacing Sporting Code

submitted by Cephalomagus to iRacing [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 11:15 Tear-Wide Mistake You Need To Avoid For Aircon

Mistake You Need To Avoid For Aircon
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2023.06.03 00:45 MandarinDaMantis Southern California weather and Nepenthes eyame and x briggsiana?

Southern California weather and Nepenthes eyame and x briggsiana?
I got a Nepenthes eymae way back in January, which got burnt but grew 2 leaves, one of which was partially already growing when I got it (growing indoors under lights at the time because of winter). The second one grew in slowly outdoors, then I think(?) it accelerated when I put a little plastic cup on top for added humidity. Neither have fully developed pitchers, but I can't tell if the tiny pitchers are still alive and taking their time or burnt and died from low humidity.

N. eymae
Similarly I got a Nepenthes x briggsiana (thanks for the ID) a little over 2 weeks ago, and there's a developing leaf that hasn't grown at all. It still has it's old pitchers though and one developing one that also hasn't grown at all. Is this just a natural transitional issue or is it related to humidity and weather also?

N. x briggsiana, normally outdoors
Both were grown in bright full shade outdoors.
We've been in the 50s at night and 60s/70s during the day this last week (getting warmer), and humidity goes down to about 50-ish during the day and goes back up to the 70% - 80% at night. I think it usually drops further into summer though, and the temperatures definitely go up.

So I guess what I'm asking here is are these signs my plants are unhappy with their current conditions? And especially for the eymae, should I start acclimating it to indoor conditions in a terrarium-like setup under grow lights now, or leave it out until Summer? I just don't want to stress it out if I have to bring it indoors, it seems like it should be treated like an intermediate-highlander, not sure if this would be too warm. Can these Neps tolerate and adapt to lower humidity or should I just get a nice terrarium going for them?

TL;DR: can eymae and x briggsiana survive and pitcher when temps get higher and humidity drops slightly (probably 30s at day, rarely in the teens, and back up at night)? If not, should I just acclimate them to indoors now?
submitted by MandarinDaMantis to Nepenthes [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 07:44 Any_Engineering Go Kart Niagara Falls Canada: Experience the Thrill of Racing in the Land of Wonder

Are you ready to embark on an adrenaline-fueled adventure in the majestic land of Niagara Falls? Look no further than the exhilarating world of go kart racing! Nestled amidst the breathtaking beauty of Niagara Falls, Canada, lies a haven for speed enthusiasts seeking an unforgettable experience. In this article, we'll delve into the thrilling realm of go karting in Niagara Falls, exploring the best tracks, safety measures, FAQs, and more. So fasten your seat belts and get ready for a wild ride!
Go Kart Niagara Falls Canada: Unleash Your Inner Speed Demon
Niagara Falls, renowned for its awe-inspiring natural wonders, also offers an exhilarating experience for racing enthusiasts. Whether you're a seasoned pro or a first-time driver, the go kart tracks in Niagara Falls Canada cater to all skill levels. So why not strap on a helmet and immerse yourself in the thrill of high-speed racing? Let's explore the top go kart tracks that will get your heart racing!

Niagara Speedway: The Ultimate Racing Destination

Located just a stone's throw away from the magnificent falls, Niagara Speedway stands as a mecca for go kart enthusiasts. Inspired by the famous Mario Kart video game, this multi-level track boasts over 2,000 linear feet of exhilarating twists, turns, and ramps. With its state-of-the-art electric karts reaching speeds of up to 32 miles per hour, Niagara Speedway offers an adrenaline rush like no other.

Grand Prix Kartways: A Haven for Speed Lovers

For those seeking a challenging and competitive racing experience, Grand Prix Kartways is the go-to destination. Situated in the heart of Niagara Falls, this indoor go karting facility offers an adrenaline-pumping track designed to push your driving skills to the limit. Equipped with high-performance electric karts, racers can navigate hairpin bends, conquer straightaways, and engage in thrilling overtakes.

Safety First: Preparing for the Ride

Before hitting the tracks, it's essential to prioritize safety to ensure a memorable and injury-free experience. Go karting, like any motorsport, involves inherent risks. Therefore, familiarizing yourself with safety guidelines and taking necessary precautions is crucial. Let's take a look at some key safety measures you should keep in mind:

1. Gear Up for Safety

2. Familiarize Yourself with the Track

3. Follow Track Rules and Regulations

FAQs: All Your Burning Questions Answered

FAQ 1: Is go karting suitable for children?

Yes, go karting is an exciting activity for children! Many go kart tracks in Niagara Falls Canada offer junior karts specifically designed for young drivers. These karts have limited speeds and additional safety features to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience for children.

FAQ 2: Are there age restrictions for go karting?

Most go kart tracks have age restrictions in place for safety reasons. While the specific age requirements may vary between tracks, children as young as 4 or 5 years old can often participate in junior karting. Adult go karting typically requires participants to be at least 16 years old, although some tracks may allow younger drivers under adult supervision.

FAQ 3: Do I need prior experience to go karting in Niagara Falls?

No prior experience is necessary to enjoy go karting in Niagara Falls Canada. The tracks cater to drivers of all skill levels, from beginners to seasoned racers. Whether you're a first-time driver or a seasoned pro, the staff at the go kart tracks will provide you with a comprehensive briefing on kart controls, safety guidelines, and track rules.

FAQ 4: Can I bring my own racing gear?

While some tracks may allow participants to bring their own racing gear, it's always recommended to check with the specific track beforehand. Most go kart tracks provide all necessary safety equipment, including helmets and gloves, to ensure uniform safety standards.

FAQ 5: Can I book go karting sessions in advance?

Yes, it's highly recommended to book your go karting session in advance, especially during peak seasons or weekends when the tracks tend to be busier. Booking in advance guarantees your spot and allows you to plan your racing adventure more efficiently.

FAQ 6: Are there any group or party packages available?

Yes, many go kart tracks in Niagara Falls Canada offer group packages and party options. These packages are ideal for birthday parties, corporate events, or simply gathering your friends for a thrilling racing experience. Be sure to check the track's website or contact them directly to inquire about available packages.

Conclusion: Unleash the Speedster Within!

Go karting in Niagara Falls Canada provides an electrifying experience for speed enthusiasts of all ages. With thrilling tracks, state-of-the-art karts, and strict safety measures in place, you can quench your thirst for adventure while enjoying the magnificent natural beauty of Niagara Falls. So, what are you waiting for? Strap on your helmet, buckle up, and get ready to embrace the exhilaration of go karting in Niagara Falls Canada!
submitted by Any_Engineering to u/Any_Engineering [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 05:34 Kendalf Analysis of the Mullen Van EMM Test Data

Analysis of the Mullen Van EMM Test Data
TL;DR: Inconsistent test procedures, incomplete details, and results that are incompatible with previously stated results make it impossible to draw any solid conclusions from the data
We finally have some more data on Hardge’s EMM device than the bits and fragments that have been found previously. Kudos to Cal for acquiring it from Hardge and sharing it publicly. Here’s my analysis of what has been shared. As usual, this is long, because the details matter.
The data shows dyno runs from two different days, the first on Jan. 5 (Run A) and the second on Jan. 20 (Run B). While there is nothing in the data itself that labels the runs such, it seems that we are supposed to assume that Run A shows the Mullen 1 cargo van without an EMM installed, while Run B is supposed to be the data for a van with the EMM installed.
SOC % Over Time
The tables shown indicate the battery State of Charge (SOC %) at different hourly time intervals. The data shows that the van in Run A completely ran out of charge after 5 hrs 37 min, while the van in Run B still had 44% of charge after that same amount of time. I put the data into a simple graph to show that based on the data presented the van in Run B (w/ EMM, we assume) clearly used less battery charge over the same time interval. If we extrapolate Run B linearly then the data implies that it could have run for a full 10 hours before reaching 0% SOC.
The graphs plot both Power (hp) and Calculated Speed (mph) as a function of Time (seconds). It essentially provides a timeline of how much power was required to rotate the dyno wheel at the indicated calculated speed at each moment of the run. It provides much more detail than the tables for Time and MPH, which appear to be manually recorded at far fewer intervals.
Run A Graph
Run B Graph
This is especially significant because the Run A graph displays quite a lot more variance in the vehicle speed and power, at least in the first half of the run, compared to Run B. When analyzing data, the differences can often provide clues for a meaningful understanding of the results.

Analyzing the Run A and Run B Differences

The reason it is important to carefully consider the differences is because we need to determine if the different results are caused by the device/phenomenon that we are actually studying, or by differences in the testing conditions. This is why scientists and engineers try to keep test conditions between trials as close as possible, in order to minimize the effects of environmental differences and make it easier to conclude that the result is due to the thing being tested. Unfortunately, there are several notable differences in the Run A and Run B testing conditions that may undermine how confidently we can conclude that the observed results were due to the EMM itself.
First, the NOTES indicate that Run A was conducted at a temperature of 63 F while the temperature during Run B was 74 F. Temperature can affect EV range, with collected data showing that EV range generally peaks at around 70-71F. This is due to a combination of the battery thermal management systems working to maintain an ideal temperature for the battery around that range, as well as the lower need for HVAC usage to maintain a comfortable interior temperature. The test notes indicate that “all acc on” for both tests, and Hardge has said in previous comments that this includes lights, radio, and even air conditioning. But the notes do not indicate what temperature the HVAC control was set to. A higher temperature would have the heater drawing more energy in Run A. To be fair, if the A/C was set to a lower temperature, then cooling would draw more energy for Run B. Without the details we are unable to assess the impact of the temperature difference.

Significant Fluctuations in Driving Procedure

But the data does show that there were significant differences in how the van was driven between Run A and Run B. The speed for Run B remains essentially flatline between 44-45 mph for essentially the entire run, and it is most likely that cruise control was set to maintain this consistency. In contrast, the first half of Run A exhibits significant speed fluctuation, with speeds dropping as low as 33 mph and rising above 53 mph, including two sharp accelerations that increased speed by about 15 mph. Even without overlaying the light blue lines indicating the range of speed for Run B over the data for Run A the fluctuations are obvious.
Speed Fluctuations
Fluctuating speeds can significantly affect energy consumption and range for an EV. This study showed that:
Driving speed oscillations negatively influence energy consumption of BEVs. The larger the oscillations, the higher the energy consumption. While small oscillations of 0.1 m/s^2 don’t significantly influence energy consumption, larger oscillations of 0.3 m/s^2 do (with a gain of 14% for eco-drivers, 37% for normal drivers and 53% for aggressive drivers).
Repeatedly accelerating and decelerating uses up considerably more energy than travelling at a constant rate of speed, causing up to 53% higher energy consumption according to that study. Those who have driven EVs for an extended amount of time know personally how different driving styles can impact efficiency. The exact same car driven over the exact same route in different manners can result in meaningful differences in the expected range (this very unofficial test showed a difference of 7% in battery charge from just a 30 mile drive).
This is also evident in the graph of Power between the two runs, with the power in Run A fluctuating significantly out of the range exhibited in Run B, with multiple periods showing double or triple the power draw. Again, the blue lines show the limited range of power draw for Run B compared to Run A.
Power Fluctuations
While it appears that cruise control was activated for Run A (EDIT to fix) starting around the 12500 second (3.5 hour) mark, it is important to note that the cruise control was set to a higher speed of 53 mph, compared to the 45 mph speed set for Run B. The vehicle was then kept at 53 mph for more than 2 hours until the battery was depleted. In an indoor dyno test without the effects of aerodynamic drag, higher speed will have less of an impact on power, but there is still a meaningful difference. This is why the EPA uses different drive cycles to determine the EV efficiency and range at different speeds, and why the “city” rating is almost always higher than the “highway” range rating for EVs.
It is baffling why Mullen did not keep the driving profiles more consistent between Run A and Run B. The major differences in driving profile compromise being able to conclude that the greater efficiency displayed in Run B is due to the EMM as opposed to Run A being driven in a much less efficient manner.
This issue is compounded even more by the fact that only a single trial was conducted for each configuration. Everyone who has conducted scientific testing knows that multiple trials are important to average out the effects of random extremes. Why did Mullen chose to do only a single run with and without the EMM? Or, did Mullen and Hardge in fact do multiple runs, and cherry-picked only a single sample to share? It should be noted that it was a period of 15 days between Run A and Run B. Why did it take more than two weeks between the tests? We don’t even know if they used the same van for both Run A and Run B.

What about the Distance Travelled?

I will finish this post with one more factor I noticed that calls into question the legitimacy of the testing procedures performed. For a graph of speed versus time, the area under the line represents the total distance travelled. Using a tool like Graphreader allows you to plot out and generate a data set to match a given graph, and then with a bit of Google Sheet-fu we can derive the total distance travelled by the vehicle for each run.
I leave it to the reader to try it for themselves, but the result I obtained was:
  • Run A = 262 miles
  • Run B = 242 miles
With 44% SOC remaining and that distance traveled in Run B, a linear extrapolation would end up with a distance of 432 miles (65% higher than Run A) by the time the battery is fully depleted. But here is why this range figure does not make sense in light of what Mullen has previously stated.
In the PR statement that Mullen issued on April 20 (which remains deleted), Mullen stated that the testing of the EMM on the M1 “showed more than a 75% increase in range” (stock M1 is claimed to go 110 miles), resulting in a “calculated EPA estimated range of 186 miles”.
April 20 Mullen PR Statement
And yet the results shown in the data would imply that the estimated range ought to be an incredible 432 miles! Why would the company claim 186 miles as the improved result, rather than 432 miles? Are they not understanding the implications of their own data? Or are there some other factors that disallow claiming the 432 miles range?
But here’s another questionable aspect of this range value from the test results. Run A indicated that the stock Mullen 1 van travelled 262 miles total, which is nearly 240% the actual rated range for the vehicle. This strongly suggests that there are aspects with how the test was conducted that are unrealistic and depart from what you would see in real-world usage. You may recall that when Hardge had Element Materials test his golf cart, it was done with the drive wheels lifted off the floor and spinning freely, thus greatly reducing the load and allowing much longer (and entirely unrealistic) runtimes.
With so many details of the test procedures and other aspects of how the runs were conducted missing, it is difficult to draw any firmer conclusions based on what has been presented. Though at least it is more than what we had before.
EDIT to Fix Inline Images
submitted by Kendalf to Muln [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 18:07 Ronniethebear69 Bachelor party ideas?

Hey all - throwing a bachelor party in your fine city over Labor Day weekend. Wanted to run the plan by this group and seek input. Thanks in advance!
Friday - folks trickle into the city and we hang at the Airbnb
Saturday - paddle tavern midday and Maders for dinner
Sunday - Accelerate Indoor speedway for go carting, ace throwing, and VR around noon, five o’clock steakhouse for dinner
Three questions for the group…
  1. Does this look like a solid Milwaukee weekend plan?
  2. Any suggestions for bars, restaurants, or other activities for the down time between meals and activities?
  3. Any other cool activities a larger group could have fun doing in the city I didn’t mention?
submitted by Ronniethebear69 to milwaukee [link] [comments]

2023.05.28 17:21 VernonKazama My Mario Kart Wish List 📃

~ 1. Introduction ~
Here is a detailed description of my wishlist for a Mario Kart 9 or 10/X (if Tour is considered the 9th installment) I don't expect everyone to like all my ideas. This is just a wishlist. I obviously would be happy with any Mario Kart Nintendo decides to put out but in a perfect world, this is what I would want for it to be the best Mario Kart imo. I hope you enjoy.
*= Thoughts, Personal opinions, New ideas for modes, mechanics, driver outfits, vehicles, items, options, etc
🔒= Locked. Must be unlocked by in game requirements or DLC
~ 2. Mechanics ~
~ Single Player / Multiplayer 》1P》2P》3P》4P》
Grand Prix》Class Optimization》Driver(s) Select》Vehicle Parts》Circuits》Cup Select》 Class Optimization options: Engine: 50cc》100cc》150cc》Mirror》All¹》All Mirror¹》 Driver: Solo Dash》Double Dash》² Drift: Automatic》Manual》³ Items: Normal》No Items》 Camera: Normal》First Person》
*¹ - All and All Mirror options are only available in Grand Prix. After a Circuit has been selected, It'll play each Cup in order of that specific Circuit.
*² - All race and battle modes will feature either a Solo Dash or the new Double Dash option similar to Mario Kart Double Dash for extra replayability and character combinations.
*³ - Even if not many people liked Automatic drifting, it was there for a reason for you to choose. Some liked it. Some didn't. It should be the player's choice.
*⁴ - Camera can also be changed freely during the race from the pause menu.
Time Trials》Driver(s) Select》Circuits》Cup Select》Course Select》 Race Solo》Race Against Ghost》View Ghost》Online Ghost》Upload Ghost Data》
• VS Race》Driver(s) Select》Vehicle Parts》Customized Race》Circuits》Cup Select》Course Select》 Customized Race options: Engine Class: 50cc》100cc》150cc》Mirror》 Driver: Solo Dash》Double Dash》 Drift: Automatic》Manual》 Teams: No Teams》Team Game》 Items: Normal》Frantic》No Items》No Items and Coins》Custom》 COM: Easy》Normal》Hard》Pro¹》 COM Vehicles (Solo)²: All Vehicles》Karts Only》Bikes Only》 COM Vehicles (Doubles)²: All Vehicles》ATVs Only》Buggys Only》 Courses: Choose》In Order》Random》 Race Count: 4》5³》8》12》16》32》64》All》 Laps: 1》2》3》4》5》
*¹ - Added a Pro difficulty to make the CPU feel more of a challenge.
*² - Wanted to split the vehicle selections between Solo Dash and Double Dash drivers. Solo Dash drivers will now only select between Karts and Bikes and Double Dash drivers will only select between ATVs and new Buggy vehicles. *Buggys are essential similar to the designs of the Karts used in Mario Kart Double Dash. ATVs are now bigger in size to help fit the idea of 2 drivers on one vehicle.
*³ - The original Super Mario Kart had 5 courses per Cup so I brought that option back for custom races.
*⁴ - Wanted to make the option available for players. These courses will be excluded from Laps option and be set to default when selected: ⁿ⁶⁴ Wario Stadium, ⁿ⁶⁴ Rainbow Road, ᵍᶜⁿ Baby Park, ᵍᶜⁿ Wario Colosseum, ³ᵈˢ Wuhu Loop, ³ᵈˢ Maka Wuhu, ³ᵈˢ Rainbow Road, ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Mount Wario, and ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Big Blue.
Battle》Driver(s) Select》Vehicle Parts》Customized Battle》Course Select》 Customized Battle options: Driver: Solo Dash》Double Dash》 Drift: Automatic》Manual》 Teams: No Teams》Team Game》 Items: Normal》Frantic》Skilled》Custom》 Round Time: 1 Minute》2 Minutes》3 Minutes》4 Minutes》5 Minutes》 COM: Easy》Normal》Hard》Pro》 COM Vehicles (Solo Dash): All Vehicles》Karts Only》Bikes Only》 COM Vehicles (Double Dash): All Vehicles》ATVs Only》Buggys Only》 Courses: Choose》In Order》Random》 Round Count: 3 Rounds》5 Rounds》7 Rounds》¹
*¹ - I shortened the rounds. Anything past 7 rounds is too much imo but that's just me. Also being a little bias cuz I'm not a fan of battle mode.
~ Online Play 》1P》2P》
Worldwide: Grand Prix*》VS Race》Battle》
Regional: Grand Prix*》VS Race》Battle》
Friends》Create Room
Tournaments》Menu. Menu options: Create a Tournament: Icon》Name》Rules》Time Settings》Other》 *Rules options: Mode: 50cc》100cc》150cc》Mirror》Balloon》Classic Balloon¹》 Renegade Roundup》Bob-omb Blast》Shine Runners¹》Coin Runners》 Shine Thief》Thunder Cloud Tag¹》Random Battle》 Driver: Solo Dash》Double Dash》 Drift: Automatic》Manual》 Teams: No Teams》Team Game》 Items: Normal》No Items》No Items or Coins》Frantic》Skilled*²》Custom》 Round Time (Battle only): 1 Minute》2 Minutes》3 Minutes》4 Minutes》5 Minutes》 COM: No COM》Easy》Normal》Hard》Pro》 Vehicles (Solo Dash): All Vehicles》Karts Only》Bikes Only》 Vehicles (Double Dash): All Vehicles》ATVs Only》Buggys Only》 Camera: Normal》First Person》 Smart Steering: Smart Steering OK》No Smart Steering》 *Time Settings options: Frequency: Weekly》Daily》Fixed Period》 Start Day: Sunday》Monday》Tuesday》Wednesday》Thursday》Friday》Saturday》 Start Date: Dependent》 Start Time: Dependent》 End Day: Sunday》Monday》Tuesday》Wednesday》Thursday》Friday》Saturday》 End Date: Dependent》 End Time: Dependent》 Round Count: 4 Rounds》8 Rounds》16 Rounds》 Group Shuffling: Don't Shuffle》Every 4th Match》 *Other options: Player Rating: Any Rating》0-2999》3000-9999》10000-99999》 Public/Private: Open to Everyone》Code Required》
*¹ - Scroll down to Battle section for more info.
*² - Skilled Items for Battle mode only.
Search by Code Search by Type Active Tournaments
My Replays. View saved replays from previous races or battles on and offline. * You can now save more than just 6 replays.
Online Replays*¹ View shared replays from others online
*¹ - Should've already been added in the first place.
²* - View recent online races or battles replays. Earn coins by voting who'll be 1st. * Literally stole this idea from Smash.
~ Other Details
~ 3. Characters and Vehicles ~
~ Characters
68 Total Drivers (including DLC) 32 Total Alternate Drivers. 100 Total Individual Characters.
~ Drivers
Mario》Metal Mario 🔒》Tanooki Mario 🔒》Fire Mario 🔒》Ice Mario 🔒》Dr. Mario 🔒》 - Mario (Classic) 🔒 - Mario (Builder) 🔒 - Mario (SNES) 🔒 - Mario (Sunshine) 🔒 - Mario (Tuxedo) 🔒 - Mario (N64)*🔒 - Metal Mario (Gold) 🔒
Luigi》Penguin Luigi 🔒》Fire Luigi 🔒》Gooigi*🔒》 - Luigi (Classic) 🔒 - Luigi (Golf) 🔒 - Luigi (Builder) 🔒
Peach》Pink Gold Peach 🔒》Cat Peach 🔒》Fire Peach*🔒》 - Peach (Wedding) 🔒
Yoshi - Light-blue Yoshi - Black Yoshi - Red Yoshi - Yellow Yoshi - White Yoshi - Purple Yoshi - Pink Yoshi - Orange Yoshi
Bowser》Dry Bowser 🔒》Meowser 🔒》 - Dry Bowser (Gold) 🔒
Donkey Kong Jr. - Donkey Kong Jr. (SNES) 🔒
Koopa Troopa》Koopa (Freerunning) 🔒》 - Red Koopa (Freerunning) - Blue Koopa (Freerunning) - Purple Koopa (Freerunning) - Gold Koopa (Freerunning) 🔒
Toad》Cat Toad 🔒》Captain Toad 🔒》 - Toad (Pit Crew) 🔒 - Toad (Builder) 🔒 - Toad (Astronaut) 🔒 - Toad (Blue)* - Toad (Yellow)* - Toad (Green)*
Donkey Kong 🔒
Wario 🔒 - Wario (Biker)*
Daisy 🔒
Birdo 🔒 - Birdo (Light Blue) - Birdo (Black) - Birdo (Red) - Birdo (Yellow) - Birdo (White) - Birdo (Purple) - Birdo (Green) - Birdo (Orange)
Baby Mario 🔒
Baby Luigi 🔒
Toadette 🔒》Peachette 🔒》 - Toadette (Explorer) 🔒 - Toadette (Builder) 🔒 - Toadette (Astronaut) 🔒
Paratroopa 🔒 - Green Paratroopa*
Diddy Kong 🔒
Bowser Jr. 🔒
Waluigi 🔒
Petey Piranha 🔒
King Boo 🔒 - King Boo (Luigi's Mansion)
Pac-Man 🔒
Ms. Pac-Man 🔒
Blinky 🔒》Pinky》Inky》Clyde*》
Dry Bones 🔒 - Dry Bones (Gold) 🔒
R.O.B. 🔒 - R.O.B. (Famicom)*
Shy Guy 🔒 - Light-blue Shy Guy - Black Shy Guy - Green Shy Guy - Yellow Shy Guy - White Shy Guy - Blue Shy Guy - Pink Shy Guy - Orange Shy Guy
Mametchi 🔒
Baby Peach 🔒
Baby Daisy 🔒
Rosalina 🔒
Funky Kong 🔒
Mii 🔒
Honey Queen 🔒
Wiggler 🔒
Lakitu 🔒
Don-chan 🔒
Baby Rosalina 🔒
Iggy 🔒》Roy》Lemmy》Larry》Wendy》Ludwig》Morton》
Link 🔒 - Link (Champion's Tunic)
Villager 🔒 - Villager (Female)
Isabelle 🔒 - Isabelle (Winter)*
Inkling Girl 🔒 - Inkling Girl (lime green) - Inkling Girl (magenta)
Inkling Boy 🔒 - Inkling Boy (purple) - Inkling Boy (teal)
Pauline 🔒
Hammer Bro 🔒》Boomerang Bro 🔒》Ice Bro 🔒》Fire Bro 🔒》
Monty Mole 🔒
Dixie Kong 🔒
Nabbit 🔒
King Bob-omb 🔒
Kamek 🔒
Chargin' Chuck 🔒
Poochy 🔒
~ Newcomers
Noki ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒 - Noki (Green) - Noki (Pink) - Noki (Yellow)
Pianta ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒 - Pianta (Pink) - Pianta (Yellow) - Pianta (Purple)
Professor E. Gadd ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
Toadsworth ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
Luma ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒 - Luma (Blue) - Luma (Pink) - Luma (Green) - Luma (Cyan) - Luma (Red) - Luma (Purple) - Luma (Black) - Luma (Orange)
Sonic the Hedgehog ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
Miles "Tails" Prower ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
King K. Rool ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒》Kaptain K. Rool*》
Krunch ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒 * Would be an excellent choice for a surprise DLC character to those familiar w/Diddy Kong Racing
Zelda ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒》Sheik*》
Kirby ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
King Dedede ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
Captain Falcon ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
Samus ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒》Zero Suit*》
Geno ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ 🔒
~ Vehicles
Available parts. The parts available are listed here in the order shown in the vehicle customization screen, with the following notation: ¹ = Changes color, depending on the character. ² = Changes color for the Koopalings. ³ = Changes color for Daisy, Baby Daisy, Rosalina, and Baby Rosalina. (DLC) = Part is only available as downloadable content.
~ Karts (Solo Dash)
Standard Kart¹ 4-Wheel Cradle 8-Bit Pipe Frame¹ Apple Kart B Dasher Badwagon Barrel Train Biddybuggy (Buggybud)¹ Birthday Girl (Royal Ribbon)²/³ Blue Falcon Blue Seven Booster Seat (Baby Booster) Bruiser (Growlster) Brute Bull's-Eye Banzai Bulldog-W ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ Bumble V Cact-R Cact-X Cat Cruiser Cheep Charger Cheep Snorkel Circuit Special¹ Clanky Kart Classic Dragster (Nostalgia 1) Cloud 9 Crawly Kart Cucumber Dasher II Daytripper (Royal Racer) Dozer Dasher Dragonfly Dry Bomber Egg 1 Flame Flyer Gold Mantis Gold Pipe Frame Gold Standard (Gold Kart) Green Apple Kart Honeycoupe (Dragonetti) Hurricane Jet Cruiser Jetsetter (Aero Glider) Jumbo Jetter Kiddie Kart¹ Koopa Clown² Landship ² Light Dancer Light Tripper Mach 8 Mini Beast (Concerto) Mushmellow Offroader P-Wing Paintster Parade Kart Penguin Slider Pink Mushmellow Pipe Frame¹ Piranha Prowler Poltergust 4000 Power Flower Prancer Prop Kart Quickshaw ROB-BLS Rambi Rider Royale Shooting Star Sky Pop ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ Sneeker (Bounder)¹ Snow Skimmer Soda Jet Sports Coupe (Sports Coupé) Sprinter (B Dasher Mk. 2) Star Broom Steel Driver Streamliner Streetle Super 1 Super Blooper (Turbo Blooper) Surf Sailer Swift Talon Tanooki Kart Tea Coupe Tiny Titan (Rally Romper) Tiny Tug Tri-Speeder Wario Car Warship Wild Wing Wildlife Yellow Taxi Zucchini (Gherkin) Speed Star ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Whirlwind Sport ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Egg Mobile ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ * Was inspired by this image I found. Source Reminds me of the Egg Mobile with Monster tires White Cat ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Dark Schnieder ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Car¹ ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ * Source * the number in the center will be replaced by driver's logo Dragoon Kart ⁽ᵈˡᶜ * Source
~ Bikes (Solo Dash)
Standard Bike¹ Bit Bike (Nanobike) City Tripper¹ Flame Rider Hurricane Jet Bubble (Bubble Bike) Master Cycle Zero Mr. Scooty (Mr Scooty) Phantom Quacker ROB-LGS Shooting Star (Twinkle Star) Sugarscoot (Bon Bon)¹ The Duke Varmint Wario Bike Zip Zip (Rapide) Zipper Wheelie Bike ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source
Bullet Bike¹ Comet Dolphin Dasher Flame Runner (Bowser Bike)¹ Jet Bike Mach Bike¹ Magikruiser¹ Master Cycle Sneakster (Nitrocycle) Sport Bike¹ Yoshi Bike¹ Zinger Sting ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ * just an idea I had for a new bike based off of a beta imagine for Donkey Kong racing. Source * the number in the center will be replaced by driver's logo. Bike version of the Prop Kart
~ ATVs (Double Dash)
Standard ATV (Standard Quad)¹ Bone Rattler Inkstriker Spear (Torpedo)¹ Splat Buggy Teddy Buggy Tyrant Wild Wiggler Hovercraft¹ ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source
~ Buggys (Double Dash)
Standard Buggy ¹ Banisher Bolt Buggy Bullet Blaster Coach³ * Heart Coach/Bloom Coach from Mario Kart Double Dash DK Jumbo Fire Buggy¹ * Red Fire from Mario Kart Double Dash Goo-Goo Buggy¹ Koopa Dasher Koopa King Para-Wing Pipe Buggy¹ Piranha Pipes Turbo Birdo Turbo Yoshi Waluigi Racer
~ Tires
Standard (Normal) 8-Bit Standard Ancient Tires (Ancient Tyres) Azure Roller Bicycle Tires Blue Monster Blue Standard (Normal Blue) Button Capsule Crimson Slim Cushion Cyber Slick Drum Gold 8-Bit Standard Gold Tires (Gold Wheels) Heart Rings Hot Monster (Funky Monster) Iron Leaf Tires (Leaf Tyres) Metal Monster Mushroom Mushroom Off-Road Red Monster Retro Off-Road Roller Slick Slim Snorkel Tires Sponge Triforce Tires (Triforce Tyres) Wood (Wooden) Yoshi Tires
~ Gliders
Super Glider¹ 8-Bit Jumping Mario Beast Glider (Ghastly Glider) Bowser Kite Butterfly Sunset Cloud Glider Crimson Crane Droplet Glider Eggshell Glider Eggshell Glider Fare Flier Flower Glider Gold Glider Great Sail Hylian Kite MKTV Parafoil Oilpaper Umbrella Paper Glider Parachute Paraglider (Breath of the Wild) Paraglider (Parafoil) Peach Parasol³ Plane Glider Ribbon Swooper (Swoop) Waddle Wing Waluigi Wing Wario Wing Magic Carpet ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Wizpig Glider ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Example at 00:31 Tails Flier ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Knuckles Glider ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source Gunship ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source
~ 4. Items ~
× – Does not appear in Battle Mode.
~ Items found on the track
Item Box - Gives the player a random item. Items given are based on the player's distance from first place. * I would like for them to look either similar to how they looked in Mario Kart 64 or Mario Kart DS' design.
Coin - Gives the player a small boost and increase top speed when more are collected, up to a maximum of ten.
Rupee - The equivalent of a coin, used for Hyrule Circuit and Zelda related courses. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track.
Bell - The equivalent of a coin, used for Animal Crossing. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track.
Cash - The equivalent of a coin, used for Splatoon related courses. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track.
Balloon ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of an Item Box, used for Diddy Kong Racing related course. Source
Item Box (Capsule) ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of an Item Box, used for Sonic related course. Source
Star Block ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of an Item Box, used for Kirby related course. Source
Banana ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of a coin, used for Donkey Kong Country / Diddy Kong Racing related courses. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track. Source
Ring ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of a coin, used for Sonic related courses. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track. Source
Food ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - The equivalent of a coin, used for Kirby related courses. They replace coins in the item roulette and in the track. Source
~ New Items
Coin Block ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ - * floats above player for a short time (10 seconds). Hop to collect upto 10 coins. Can only be obtained if player has 0 coins. Replacing the Coin Box item from Mario Kart Tour. Example
~ Returning Items
Banana Peel - When a kart hits a Banana Peel, it spins out. You can carry one behind your kart to protect yourself from a single attack. Can be thrown backward and forward.
Green Shell - Travels in a straight line and knocks over a kart it hits.
Red Shell - Red Shell Homes in on the closest kart in front of the player and knocks it over.
Feather - Causes the player to spin and leap in the air, providing a small speed boost upon landing, akin to a regular trick (characters will also perform a trick animation during the jump).
Mushroom - Provides the player's kart with a small speed boost.
Super Star - Provides the player invincibility from all terrain and items, and also giving a speed boost.
Boo - Unleashes Boo, who turns the player invisible for a brief time, making them impervious to enemy attacks, and steals an opponent's item. Cannot steal Special Items.
Coinˣ - Grants the player two extra coins and a micro boost.
Lightningˣ - Causes all opponents to drop their items, shrink, and drive slowly for a short time.
Fake Item - Looks just like an item box, but when you run into it, it knocks you over.
Bob-omb - Explodes after a short time when thrown or dropped, knocking over any kart in its blast radius.
Blooper - Sprays ink on all racers ahead and reduces their visibility. The racers hit also lose some of their traction while sprayed.
Bullet Billˣ - Transforms the player into a Bullet Bill, rocketing through the track with auto-pilot, and providing invincibility from all terrain and items.
Spiny Shellˣ - Targets the racer in first place, knocking over all other karts in its path.
Super Horn - Emits a radial shockwave hitting racers, as well as destroying all obstacles, including the Spiny Shell.
~ Special Items
Fireball (Red) - Three fireballs will revolve around your kart. They split up after they're thrown and go sliding ahead. These powerful pyrotechnics can take out multiple opponents at once. Drivers: Mario, Fire Mario
Fireball (Green) - Three fireballs will revolve around your kart. They split up after they're thrown and go sliding ahead. These powerful pyrotechnics can take out multiple opponents at once. Drivers: Luigi, Fire Luigi
Fire Flower - Allows the player to throw fireballs for a short time that cause other karts to spin out on impact. Drivers: Metal Mario, Fire Peach, Fire Bro
Ice Flower - Three balls of ice will revolve around your kart. Throw them all at once and they'll freeze any kart they hit, causing them to slide. Drivers: Ice Bro, Ice Mario, Penguin Luigi
Heart - This protective Heart revolves around your kart for a set amount of time, shielding you from attacks. Any item that hits the player becomes theirs to use. A cute and handy item. Drivers: Peach, Daisy, Villager, Wendy, Mametchi
Yoshi's Egg - This egg rolls down the road and home in on opponents. When they hit and break, they'll drop three more items. Drivers: Yoshi
Birdo's Egg - Homes in on the kart in front of you and crashes once it hits. Three more items will fly out when it breaks. Drivers: Birdo
Chain Chomp - This fearsome beast chases karts with reckless abandon, pulling the player behind it at breakneck speeds. Drivers: Baby Mario, Baby Luigi
Triple Mushrooms - Orbits the player's kart, providing them with three separate speed boosts. Drivers: Toad, Toadette
Golden Mushroom - Provides the player's kart with continuous speed boosts for a short time. Drivers: Captain Toad
Mega Mushroom - The driver grows bigger, which allows them to squash other racers by running over them, making them lose their items and slow down for a moment. Drivers: Pac-Man, Ms. Pac-Man, Wiggler
Poison Mushroom - A stationary item. Looks like a regular mushroom but If one is run into, the victim shrinks, as if hit by a Lightning. Shrunken racers who run into it revert to normal size. Drivers: Kamek * ngl, i didn't really know who to give this item to
Mushroom Cannon - A cannon designed to resemble a Mushroom. Continually shoots out Mushrooms in front of your kart for a set time. Drivers: Monty Mole, Peachette, Toadsworth
Triple Green Shells - Three green shells that orbit the player's kart, protecting them from incoming attacks. Drivers: Koopa Troopa, Dry Bones, Lakitu, Koopa (Freerunning)
Triple Red Shells - Three red shells that orbit the player's kart, protecting them from incoming attacks. Drivers: Paratroopa, Dry Bones, Lakitu, Koopa (Freerunning)
Bowser's Shell - An awe-inspiring giant shell! As it careens down the road, slamming and ramming into karts, it's the very image of Bowser himself. Drivers: Bowser, Bowser Jr., Dry Bowser
Triple Bananas - Three bananas that orbit the player's kart, protecting them from incoming attacks. Drivers: Donkey Kong Jr., Dixie Kong
Giant Banana - Not only does this big banana spin out karts that hit it, but after being struck it breaks into three regular-sized Bananas. Drivers: Donkey Kong
Banana Barrels - Arm your kart with two fully-loaded barrels of Bananas! Continually shoots out Bananas in front of or behind your kart for a set time. Drivers: Diddy Kong, Funky Kong
Thunder Cloud - A thundercloud hovers over the recipient and strikes it with lightning after 10 seconds. The user shrinks to a very small size for 10 seconds, driving more slowly. Before this happens, the user has higher speed and acceleration while not losing speed when driving off-road, and may pass the cloud to an opponent by bumping into them. Drivers: Blinky, Pinky, Inky, Clyde * If there was absolutely no choice but to have the next Meta character, it'd be the Ghosts. Having one of the worst possible specials in the game should balance them out.
POW Block - The POW Block appears above the karts as a 2D image, warning players of its arrival, and causes any racer on the ground ahead of the user to spin out and drop their items. * Since wheelies are no longer a thing, it always spins out other racers unless they're in anti-gravity mode or during an in air trick Drivers: Mii, Don-chan
Super Leaf- Gives the player's kart a tail that can be used to deflect items, knock over opponents and collect coins. The tail will disappear after a moment or if the player is hurt. Drivers: Tanooki Mario
Lucky Seven - Surrounds the player with seven items that rotates around its kart. The player receives a Mushroom, Banana, Green Shell, Red Shell, Blooper, Bob-omb, and a Star. Drivers: King Boo, Pauline, Poochy, Nabbit, Chargin' Chuck, Pianta, Noki
Boomerang Flower - Can be thrown up to three times, hitting racers forward/backward and when it returns to its user after the first and second use. Driver: Boomerang Bro, Larry
Piranha Plant - Automatically chomps on obstacles and other racers, giving a short speed boost for each bite. Drivers: Petey Piranha
Double Bob-ombs - Two Bob-ombs will revolve around your kart. Throw them both at once. Drivers: Wario, Waluigi, Roy
Bob-omb Cannon - Continually shoots out Bob-ombs in front of your kart for a set time. Drivers: Shy Guy
Giga Bob-omb - After being thrown, it will explode after hitting a kart or bouncing 3 times. It has a larger blast radius than a standard Bob-omb. Drivers: King Bob-omb
Bubble - Briefly envelops your kart and protects you from damage for a set time. While in the bubble, you will get a speed boost and float in the air. Drivers: Baby Peach, Baby Daisy, Baby Rosalina, Lemmy
Dash Ring - Tosses out three rings in front of you along the track. Pass through them for a speed boost! Drivers: Rosalina, Luma, Ludwig, Honey Queen
Hammer - Throws multiple Hammers in an arc aimed at karts in front of yours. Drivers: Hammer Bro
Super Bell - A bell rings above the driver, knocking away nearby karts and items. The bell rings three consecutive times. Drivers: Cat Peach, Cat Toad
Capsule - Three colorful capsules surround your kart. They'll bounce at opponents when thrown. Drivers: Dr. Mario
Splat Bomb ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ - * Explodes after a short time when thrown or dropped, knocking and spraying ink on any kart in its blast radius and reduces their visibility. The racers hit also lose some of their traction while sprayed. Drivers: Inkling Girl, Inkling Boy
Magical Boomerang ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾ - * Works like a Boomerang Flower that tracks closes kart infront of player like a Red Shell Drivers: Link
Magnet ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * a powerful magnet that pulls opponents towards the player Source Drivers: Krunch
Nayru's Love ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * will surround the racer's kart with a protective shield. Any items that hit this shield will be reflected back at the racer who used them. If a driver using Nayru's Love is attacked with an item such as a Lightning, the racer who used the Lightning item will take damage. Drivers: Zelda
Copy Ability ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * steals Special item from any racer. If no racer has a special item on them, it'll randomly generate a random racer's Special Item. Drivers: Kirby
Dedede's Hammer ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * driver using Dedede's Hammer, will swing it around for about 5 seconds. Any karts hit will be squashed, causing them to lose their item and speed momentarily. Drivers: King Dedede
Invincibility Shield ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * become invulnerable to all damage for a short time. Drivers: Sonic, Tails
Bombs ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * Think Double Bob-ombs, the original Triple Bananas and the Feather item. If used as a protective item, upon the explosion, the player will leap in the air, providing a small speed boost upon landing. Drivers: Samus
Geno Flash ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ - * works like a Lightning but doesn't strink opponents. Drivers: Geno
~ 5. Courses ~
~ Cups
161 Total Courses
Nitro Grand Prix Mushroom Cup》 Flower Cup》 Star Cup》 Special Cup 🔒
Retro Grand Prix 🔒 Mushroom 🍄 Courses : Shell Cup》Golden Dash Cup》Red Coin Cup》Blue Coin Cup》Banana Cup》Lucky Cat Cup》1-Up Cup》Gold Cup》
Flower 🌷 Courses: Leaf Cup》Turnip Cup》Freezie Cup》Metal Cup》 Lightning Cup》Rock Cup》POW Cup》Heart Cup》
Star ⭐️ Courses: Sun Cup》Moon Cup》Red Shell Cup》Thunder Cloud Cup》Wing Cup》Boomerang Cup》Coin Block Cup》Warp Cup》
Special 👑 Courses: Vanish Cup》Cherry Cup》Mega Cup》Tanooki Cup》? Block Cup》Spiny Cup》Shine Cup》Grand Cup》
World Grand Prix🔒 Lightning⚡️Courses: Egg Cup》Triforce Cup》Crossing Cup》Bell Cup》Propeller Cup》Fruit Cup》Feather Cup》Acorn Cup》Super Cup》World Cup》
Extra Grand Prix 🔒* Excellent idea to introduce courses from the Mario Kart GP series as well as new courses for DLC content
~ New Courses
Nitro Grand Prix: Mushroom Cup 🍄 1. New Mario Circuit 2. TBD 3. TBD 4. TBD
Nitro Grand Prix: Flower Cup 🌷 1. beach- or water-themed course 2. TBD 3. TBD 4. TBD
Nitro Grand Prix: Star Cup ⭐️ 1. ice- or snow-themed course 2. TBD 3. TBD 4. TBD
Nitro Grand Prix: Special Cup 👑 1. TBD 2. TBD 3. New Bowser's Castle 4. New Rainbow Road
~ Retro Courses
Mushroom 🍄 Courses Retro Grand Prix: Shell Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Mario Kart Stadium 2. ᵈˢ Yoshi Falls 3. ᵍᶜⁿ Baby Park 4. ˢⁿᵉˢ Bowser Castle 1
Retro Grand Prix: Golden Dash Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ Luigi Circuit 2. ᵍᵇᵃ Shy Guy Beach 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Sweet Sweet Canyon 4. ᵍᶜⁿ Dry Dry Desert
Retro Grand Prix: Red Coin Cup 1. ³ᵈˢ Toad Circuit 2. ⁿ⁶⁴ Moo Moo Farm 3. ᵍᵇᵃ Riverside Park 4. ʷⁱⁱ Toad's Factory
Retro Grand Prix: Blue Coin Cup 1. ⁿ⁶⁴ Luigi Raceway 2. ˢⁿᵉˢ Donut Plains 1 3. ᵈˢ Cheep Cheep Beach 4. ³ᵈˢ Shy Guy Bazaar
Retro Grand Prix: Banana Cup 1. ᵈˢ Figure-8 Circuit 2. ʷⁱⁱ Moo Moo Meadows 3. ³ᵈˢ Cheep Cheep Lagoon 4. ⁿ⁶⁴ Kalimari Desert
Retro Grand Prix: Lucky Cat Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Mario Circuit 1 2. ᵍᶜⁿ Peach Beach 3. ⁿ⁶⁴ Koopa Troopa Beach 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Thwomp Ruins
Retro Grand Prix: 1-Up Cup 1. ᵍᶜⁿ Luigi Circuit 2. ³ᵈˢ Daisy Hills 3. ˢⁿᵉˢ Ghost Valley 1 4. ᵍᵇᵃ Bowser Castle 1
Retro Grand Prix: Gold Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Peach Circuit 2. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Water Park 3. ʷⁱⁱ Mushroom Gorge 4. ᵈˢ Luigi's Mansion
Flower 🌷 Courses Retro Grand Prix: Leaf Cup 1. ᵍᶜⁿ Mushroom Bridge 2. ᵍᵇᵃ Boo Lake 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Twisted Mansion 4. ³ᵈˢ Rock Rock Mountain
Retro Grand Prix: Turnip Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Mario Circuit 2. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Toad Harbor 3. ⁿ⁶⁴ Choco Mountain 4. ˢⁿᵉˢ Bowser Castle 2
Retro Grand Prix: Freezie Cup 1. ᵈˢ Desert Hills 2. ᵍᶜⁿ Mario Circuit 3. ʷⁱⁱ DK Summit 4. ᵍᵇᵃ Bowser Castle 2
Retro Grand Prix: Metal Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ Mario Circuit 2. ⁿ⁶⁴ Frappe Snowland 3. ᵍᶜⁿ Daisy Cruiser 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Shy Guy Falls
Retro Grand Prix: Lightning Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Mario Circuit 2. ˢⁿᵉˢ Ghost Valley 2 3. ᵈˢ Waluigi Pinball 4. ʷⁱⁱ Wario's Gold Mine
Retro Grand Prix: Rock Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Choco Island 1 2. ᵈˢ Delfino Square 3. ³ᵈˢ Music Park 4. ⁿ⁶⁴ Mario Raceway
Retro Grand Prix: POW Cup 1. ³ᵈˢ Wuhu Loop 2. ʷⁱⁱ Coconut Mall 3. ᵍᵇᵃ Cheese Land 4. ᵈˢ Shroom Ridge
Retro Grand Prix: Heart Cup 1. ⁿ⁶⁴ Toad's Turnpike 2. ³ᵈˢ Mario Circuit 3. ˢⁿᵉˢ Donut Plains 2 4. ᵍᶜⁿ Waluigi Stadium
Star ⭐️ Courses Retro Grand Prix: Sun Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Snow Land 2. ˢⁿᵉˢ Choco Island 2 3. ᵍᶜⁿ Yoshi Circuit 4. ⁿ⁶⁴ Bowser's Castle
Retro Grand Prix: Moon Cup 1. ⁿ⁶⁴ Wario Stadium 2. ʷⁱⁱ Koopa Cape 3. ᵍᵇᵃ Yoshi Desert 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Mount Wario
Retro Grand Prix: Red Shell Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ Daisy Circuit 2. ᵍᵇᵃ Ribbon Road 3. ᵈˢ Mario Circuit 4. ᵍᶜⁿ DK Mountain
Retro Grand Prix: Thunder Cloud Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Sunshine Airport 2. ⁿ⁶⁴ Sherbet Land 3. ˢⁿᵉˢ Vanilla Lake 1 4. ³ᵈˢ Maka Wuhu
Retro Grand Prix: Wing Cup 1. ᵈˢ DK Pass 2. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Dolphin Shoals 3. ³ᵈˢ Neo Bowser City 4. ʷⁱⁱ Grumble Volcano
Retro Grand Prix: Boomerang Cup 1. ᵍᶜⁿ Sherbet Land 2. ³ᵈˢ Wario Shipyard 3. ⁿ⁶⁴ Royal Raceway 4. ˢⁿᵉˢ Bowser Castle 3
Retro Grand Prix: Coin Block Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Koopa Beach 1 2. ᵈˢ Tick-Tock Clock 3. ʷⁱⁱ Maple Treeway 4. ᵍᵇᵃ Bowser Castle 3
Retro Grand Prix: Warp Cup 1. ³ᵈˢ Piranha Plant Slide 2. ᵍᶜⁿ Mushroom City 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Electrodrome 4. ᵈˢ Airship Fortress
Special 👑 Courses Retro Grand Prix: Vanish Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Donut Plains 3 2. ʷⁱⁱ Moonview Highway 3. ᵍᵇᵃ Bowser Castle 4 4. ᵍᶜⁿ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: Cherry Cup 1. ³ᵈˢ DK Jungle 2. ᵍᵇᵃ Broken Pier 3. ˢⁿᵉˢ Ghost Valley 3 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: Mega Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ Dry Dry Ruins 2. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Bone-Dry Dunes 3. ⁿ⁶⁴ Banshee Boardwalk 4. ˢⁿᵉˢ Vanilla Lake 2
Retro Grand Prix: Tanooki Cup 1. ᵍᶜⁿ Wario Colosseum 2. ³ᵈˢ Rosalina's Ice World 3. ʷⁱⁱ Bowser's Castle 4. ⁿ⁶⁴ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: ? Block Cup 1. ᵈˢ Wario Stadium 2. ˢⁿᵉˢ Koopa Beach 2 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Bowser's Castle 4. ᵍᵇᵃ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: Spiny Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Lakeside Park 2. ᵍᶜⁿ Dino Dino Jungle 3. ᵈˢ Bowser Castle 4. ʷⁱⁱ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: Shine Cup 1. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Cloudtop Cruise 2. ⁿ⁶⁴ Yoshi Valley 3. ³ᵈˢ Bowser's Castle 4. ᵈˢ Rainbow Road
Retro Grand Prix: Grand Cup 1. ⁿ⁶⁴ D.K.'s Jungle Parkway 2. ᵈˢ Peach Gardens 3. ᵍᶜⁿ Bowser's Castle 4. ³ᵈˢ Rainbow Road
Lightning⚡️Courses 🔒 World Grand Prix: Egg Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Rainbow Road 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Berlin Byways 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Wild Woods 4. ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Yoshi's Island
World Grand Prix: Triforce Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Mario Circuit 4 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Los Angeles Laps 3. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Piranha Plant Cove 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Hyrule Circuit
World Grand Prix: Crossing Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Luigi Circuit 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Sydney Sprint 3. TBA 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Animal Crossing
World Grand Prix: Bell Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Sky Garden 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Singapore Speedway 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Super Bell Subway 4. TBA
World Grand Prix: Propeller Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Mario Circuit 3 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Vancouver Velocity 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Ice Ice Outpost 4. ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Sky-High Sundae
World Grand Prix: Fruit Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Sunset Wilds 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ New York Minute 3. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Bangkok Rush 4. TBA
World Grand Prix: Feather Cup 1. ˢⁿᵉˢ Mario Circuit 2 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ London Loop 3. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Ninja Hideaway 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Mute City
World Grand Prix: Acorn Cup 1. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Paris Promenade 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Merry Mountain 3. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Dragon Driftway 4. TBA
World Grand Prix: Super Cup 1. ᵍᵇᵃ Cheep-Cheep Island 2. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Amsterdam Drift 3. TBA 4. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Big Blue
World Grand Prix: World Cup 1. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Tokyo Blur 2. ʷⁱⁱ ᵘ Excitebike Arena 3. ᵗᵒᵘʳ Athens Dash 4. TBA
~ Extra/DLC Courses
Extra Grand Prix: Mario Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ Mario Highway 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Mario Beach
Extra Grand Prix: Extra Mario Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Splash Circuit 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Tropical Coast
Extra Grand Prix: DK Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ DK Jungle 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Bananan Ruins
Extra Grand Prix: Extra DK Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Bananan Labyrinth 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ DK Jungle
Extra Grand Prix: Wario Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ Diamond City 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Snow Panic
Extra Grand Prix: Waluigi Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ² Stadium Arena 2. ᵃᵍᵖ² Waluigi Stadium
Extra Grand Prix: Pac-Man Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ Pac Mountain 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Pac Labyrinth
Extra Grand Prix: Extra Pac-Man Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ PAC-MAN Stadium 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ NAMCO Circuit
Extra Grand Prix: Bowser Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ Bowser's Castle 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Castle Wall
Extra Grand Prix: Extra Bowser Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Bowser's Factory 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Bowser's Castle
Extra Grand Prix: Rainbow Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖ Rainbow Coaster 2. ᵃᵍᵖ Rainbow Downhill
Extra Grand Prix: Yoshi Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖ² Yoshi Park 1 2. ᵃᵍᵖ² Yoshi Park 2
Extra Grand Prix: Toad Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Peach Castle 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Kingdom Way
Extra Grand Prix: Don-chan Cup 🔒 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Bon Dance Street 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Omatsuri Circuit
Extra Grand Prix: Bowser Jr. Cup 1. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Aerial Road 2. ᵃᵍᵖᵈˣ Sky Arena
Extra Grand Prix: Inklings Cup 1. Splatoon themed course * Splat Circuit 2. Splatoon themed course
Extra Grand Prix: Sonic ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ 🔒 1. Sonic themed course * Twinkle Circuit Source at 1:00 2. Sonic themed course * Green Hill Zone related course
Extra Grand Prix: King K. Rool ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ 🔒 1. King K. Rool/Donkey Kong Country related themed course 2. Diddy Kong Racing related themed course * Jungle Falls or Darkmoon Caverns Source 1 Source 2
Extra Grand Prix: Zelda ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ 🔒 1. Zelda themed course * Lost Woods 2. Zelda themed course
Extra Grand Prix: Kirby ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ 🔒 1. Kirby themed course * Fantasy Meadows (from Kirby Air Ride) Source 2. Kirby themed course * Meta Knight's Halberd or The Great Cave Offensive
Extra Grand Prix: Samus ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ 🔒 1. Metroid themed course 2. Metroid themed course
~ 6. Battle ~
In all games, the engine class of Battle Mode is fixed to 50cc. An exception is the Renegade Roundup mode where it is increased to 100cc.
~ Battle Modes
Balloon Battle》Team Balloon Battle》 Classic Balloon Battle》Team Classic Balloon Battle - Mini Bomb Karts return. Shine Thief》Team Shine Thief》 Bob-omb Blast》Team Bob-omb Blast Shine Runners Coin Runners (Coin Battle)》Team Coin Runners》 Renegade Roundup
Thunder Cloud Tag ⁽ⁿᵉʷ⁾* - Similar to Shine Thief but reverse. Think of it as Tag. A random player has a Thunder Cloud and must tag others to lose it from above their head. If the player holds the Thunder Cloud when the timer reaches zero, this process repeats until one player remains.
~ Courses
ˢⁿᵉˢ Battle Course 1 ˢⁿᵉˢ Battle Course 2 ˢⁿᵉˢ Battle Course 3 ˢⁿᵉˢ Battle Course 4 ⁿ⁶⁴ Big Donut ⁿ⁶⁴ Block Fort ⁿ⁶⁴ Double Deck ⁿ⁶⁴ Skyscraper ᵍᵇᵃ Battle Course 1 ᵍᵇᵃ Battle Course 2 ᵍᵇᵃ Battle Course 3 ᵍᵇᵃ Battle Course 4 ᵍᶜⁿ Cookie Land ᵍᶜⁿ Block City ᵍᶜⁿ Luigi's Mansion ᵍᶜⁿ Nintendo GameCube ᵍᶜⁿ Pipe Plaza ᵍᶜⁿ Tilt-a-Kart ᵈˢ Nintendo DS ᵈˢ Twilight House ᵈˢ Palm Shore ᵈˢ Tart Top ᵈˢ Block Fort ᵈˢ Pipe Plaza ʷⁱⁱ Block Plaza ʷⁱⁱ Delfino Pier ʷⁱⁱ Funky Stadium ʷⁱⁱ Chain Chomp Wheel ʷⁱⁱ Thwomp Desert ³ᵈˢ Honeybee Hive (Honeybee House) ³ᵈˢ Sherbet Rink ³ᵈˢ Wuhu Town ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Battle Stadium ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Sweet Sweet Kingdom ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Dragon Palace ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Lunar Colony ˢʷᶦᵗᶜʰ Urchin Underpass ᵗᵒᵘʳ New York Minute B ᵗᵒᵘʳ Paris Promenade B Icicle Pyramid or Smokey Castle ⁽ᵈˡᶜ⁾ Source 1 Source 2
submitted by VernonKazama to u/VernonKazama [link] [comments]

2023.05.28 01:05 IGGY_AZALEAS_DONK why did I lose / unexpected results


This game is more than just 0-60 and handlingstats and soon enough everyone of us has experienced this. Why did I lose with more handling? Why didn't I win with more topspeed / better 0-60? This makes no sense! Well let me tell you: most of the time it does. There is a variety of 'hidden stats' that have been discovered. Let me quote them from here.


'What's MRA?' - the question that's asked almost every day here. Well, MRA, short for mid-range acceleration, is a car's 60-100 time compared to its 0-60 time. You can find an MRA calculator at, just scroll down a little and you'll find it. You'll see that rather than a time, MRA is presented as a value, usually between 40 to 110. The higher the better. You can also check your car's MRA at, or if it's not there, play the 5th match of the UK Midlands campaign to test it.
An MRA of 100 means the car's 60-100 is the same as its 0-60, and that would mean it's a great long car. And an MRA of 50 would means the car's 60-100 is twice as long as its 0-60, which is bad.
So why is it talked about so often? Well, that's because it's a hidden factor the game doesn't tell you, but affects a ton of races. I like to think of MRA as an indicator of a car's acceleration curve- as in whether the rate of acceleration against time is deteriorating quickly or slowly. That's why it's important to know for dragsters; if you know your MRA then you would likely know which car comes out on top in a drag race. MRA doesn't just affect drags, it also affects tracks with long straights, such as Fast Circuit, Ocean Highway and more. It's the factor most people don't expect to screw them over, and it still does.
What makes a good dragster? Very simple- now that we know what MRA is, it's safe to say anything with a good 0-60 and good MRA (75 and above) would make a good dragster. The higher the MRA, the better it's suited for mile drags and races like 0-170mph.
I've made a post about what stats are important in what race. It's slightly more complicated, so I suggest you finish this post before checking it out.
Part 1- straight tracks
Part 2- about tunes and more info on twisty tracks (this is an absurdly long post. save it if you need)


OLA stands for Off the Line Acceleration- most people like to think of it as the 0-30mph time.
Generally, OLA and MRA are inversely proportional. High MRA=Low OLA. High OLA=Low MRA.
OLA doesn't sound as impressive, but it's useful in a variety of tracks with lots of turns and barely any straights, such as slaloms, karting circuit and indoor karting. So tracks with long straights favour cars with good MRA, and vice versa.
No one has calculated any OLA values yet- this is very hard information to extract.
It is worth noting that cars with good OLA (which is also bad MRA) have better stats than those with similar RQ, to make up for their lack of acceleration after 60mph.

It often coresponds with weight, tirestype and engine type of the vehicle. E.g. a light, electrified car with slicktires should do pretty good from standstill. Looking at you Renault Twizy F1. As said to this day noone has made it possible to put OLA in a displayable number, but as far as I know NASA is on it.


Stands for engine traction bonus. Upgrading the engine gives a handling boost and a small acceleration boost that is amplified in harsher track conditions.
For instance, ETB is less important on dry asphalt than on wet dirt.
Since maxing out the engine gives you the highest ETB possible, 323 (the first 3 stands for stage 3/maxed engine) is the preferred tune for all off-road and all-surface tyred cars, and most rain specialists. Since it isn't needed as much on dry asphalt, 323 isn't always the best tune for cars that work best on this surface (such as performance tyred 2wd cars)
These stats can be found by tapping any card, which reveals more info about the car.

Stands for traction control system and anti-lock braking system respectively. Offers better handling and braking if your car has them. Like ETB, having these matter more on offroad.

Ever tried doing a slalom race with a tank? Lighter cars handle better, which is most obvious in handling-focused tracks like slaloms and g-force. This is why Caterhams and Donkervoorts stand out among others in such tracks- they simply defy the laws of physics and time.
On off-road, heavier is usually better as it offers more traction. So you would want heavy cars for harsh conditions and light cars for asphalt.
Rule of thumb here is: to beat an openwheeler on slalom / g-force you have to bring a better openwheeler.

Affects narrow tracks like hairpin, mountain twisty road, karting circuits, narrow streets etc. Wider cars take longer to turn.
Edit: width may not matter, haven’t confirmed this. May be due to length instead (think bentley limo vs twizy)

This is a hidden stat that few know of, small cars tend to do much better in karting circuits and slaloms. Notable examples are the Renault Twizy F1 (has 78 handling, but easily beats many ~85 handling cars on slaloms), and the Honda City Turbo. Some good that have good OLA and bad stats are often small and can be used as great RQ savers on very twisty tracks.
(This is mostly my opinion, nothing has been proven yet)

On harsher surfaces, too much power generates wheelspin. This is why you have cases like the Epic Camaro beating the 12C on offroad drags- it simply has less power despite not being faster at any point in a dry asphalt drag.

Ground Clearance (GC)
Ground clearance is only relevant in a few races, namely city streets (CS) small, city streets medium, ocean city streets, hill climbs, speed bump drags and motocross track.
For city streets and speed bump drags, you need a medium or high clearance car to clear the speed bumps. You lose about 7 seconds on each bump if you bring a low clearance car, so remember to check your car's clearance before putting it on such a race.
For hill climbs and motocross track, you need a high clearance car and anything else will be penalized. Most low/medium cars lose by 200 points on motocross track against high clearance cars, and that can cost you the whole match.

For anyone who wants to make his dissertation in TopDrives I found this gem.
And this.
submitted by IGGY_AZALEAS_DONK to TopDrives [link] [comments]

2023.05.26 03:54 kyrene520 What is the focus of future small distance competition

What is the focus of future small distance competition
At present, China's LED industry has greatly surpassed the rapidly growing global growth rate, and the growth rate of small bay LED displays is the most concerned. Small bay displays will still be the main force for future LED display market growth. In 2018, the global market size was 1.997 billion US dollars, and the annual compound growth rate from 2018 to 2020 was 28%. From 2018 to 2020, China's small bay market size will reach 8.6 billion Korean won, 12.5 billion Korean won, and 17.7 billion Korean won, respectively, Expected growth of over 40%. With the emergence of small interval LED screens, the threshold of LED screen enterprises has been greatly improved, and the concentration ratio of China's LED industry has been greatly improved, and the competition has become increasingly fierce. As small spacing develops to a more mature stage and technology continues to make breakthroughs, where will future screen companies focus on small spacing competition?
Growth remains sustainable and competition intensifies
In 2019, the issuance of 5G licenses and the release of 5G software packages further accelerated the landing speed of related applications. The industry believes that the popularization of 5G networks will bring new opportunities and challenges. For small interval LED displays, high-speed network applications create a market demand for high-definition large screens, and the display effect of small interval LED displays continues to improve. The benefits of achieving seamless 4K and 8K segmentation display for small interval LED displays will be further emphasized. With the decrease in manufacturing costs, popularization will further accelerate. In 2020, large-scale events such as the Tokyo Olympics (which first adopted 8K live streaming) will also provide a good demonstration effect for 5G4K/8K applications based on small interval LED displays. The industry predicts that in the next three years, the small interval LED industry will maintain a growth rate of 3% to 5% of sales.
With the continuous breakthroughs in display technology, many companies in large countries have demonstrated more future-oriented deployments in the first batch of small bay LED displays, mini LEDs, and micro LED markets in order to leverage their technological and capital advantages. The focus is on the competition for small bay LEDs, and ultimately no one hopes that the "last bus" of this "last bus" for future displays will decline, Because this has had a greater impact on traditional screen companies with larger sizes in small intervals, firstly, from the perspective of market size, the annual growth level of small interval LEDs and the overall inventory level of the market are gradually expanding, posing new challenges to the "service sinking" of existing display companies, establishing more development channels and integrator systems, and establishing a nationwide "consumer awareness" network, It is a necessary requirement for medium-sized enterprises. The years of "homogeneous competition" among small and medium-sized enterprises (Smb) have stimulated the industry's enthusiasm for technological innovation, making this part the key to victory, as it accurately identifies target market positioning, refines products and markets, and applies them. Can experience competition or become the next small interval theme
Industry experts point out that the most prominent feature of indoor large screen display applications is "remote viewing", and in this context, the current level of technology is already capable enough. For example, within a viewing distance of 5 meters, the pixel particles in P1.0-P1.2 products can achieve a "inconspicuous" smooth display. Narrowing the interval can achieve better results, but considering issues such as related costs, process difficulty, and reliability, the new choice seems less attractive. The market behavior of 'mini LED products do not focus on developing smaller interval products' indicates that in the existing field of indoor large screen engineering displays, small interval LEDs have entered a mature period of interval indicators, and the technology war of customizing interval levels has come to an end.
So what's the next step? The answer is' experience '. Industry experts point out that these changes should actually focus more on the comprehensive innovation capabilities of market leading enterprises, from technology, products to system services and solutions. Many small bay LED suppliers have already introduced themselves to "system solution providers". In addition to continuing to upgrade the technology of the final product, we have also actively deployed in the software, services, ecology, and support industry chains, forming a new round of "growth hotspots". The positive focus of the talent atmosphere has also shifted to a new level, and industrial enterprises have shown a new trend in their demand for talents from technology to management and marketing. LED indicates that the industry has actually entered a new "competition cycle". Technological innovation continues, but it is not unique. The future industry competition will place greater emphasis on building brand competitiveness based on the need for user experience improvement, which will be the main theme of the industry after 2020.
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2023.05.24 10:25 lpinformation3125 Powder Coatings Market is expected to reach USD 17450 Million by the end of 2029: Cognitive Market Research

Powder coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. The main difference between a conventional liquid paint and a powder coating is that the powder coating does not require a solvent to keep the binder and filler parts in a liquid suspension form. The coating is applied electrostatically and is then cured under heat to allow it to flow and form a “skin”. The powder may be a thermoplastic or a thermoset polymer. It is usually used to create a hard finish that is tougher than conventional paint.
LPI (LP Information)' newest research report, the “Powder Coatings Industry Forecast” looks at past sales and reviews total world Powder Coatings sales in 2022, providing a comprehensive analysis by region and market sector of projected Powder Coatings sales for 2023 through 2029. With Powder Coatings sales broken down by region, market sector and sub-sector, this report provides a detailed analysis in US$ millions of the world Powder Coatings industry.
This Insight Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global Powder Coatings landscape and highlights key trends related to product segmentation, company formation, revenue, and market share, latest development, and M&A activity. This report also analyzes the strategies of leading global companies with a focus on Powder Coatings portfolios and capabilities, market entry strategies, market positions, and geographic footprints, to better understand these firms' unique position in an accelerating global Powder Coatings market.
This Insight Report evaluates the key market trends, drivers, and affecting factors shaping the global outlook for Powder Coatings and breaks down the forecast by type, by application, geography, and market size to highlight emerging pockets of opportunity. With a transparent methodology based on hundreds of bottom-up qualitative and quantitative market inputs, this study forecast offers a highly nuanced view of the current state and future trajectory in the global Powder Coatings.
The global Powder Coatings market size is projected to grow from US$ 11280 million in 2022 to US$ 17450 million in 2029; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 17450 from 2023 to 2029.
The main global Powder Coatings manufactures include Akzonobel, Sherwin-Williams, PPG Industries, Axalta Coating Systems, Arsonsisi, etc. The top five Powder Coatings manufactures account for approximately 24% of the total global market. Asia-Pacific is the largest consumer market for Powder Coatings, accounting for about 75%, followed by Europe and North America. In terms of product, Thermoset Powder Coating is the largest segment, with a share about 75%. And in terms of application, the largest application is Indoor Application, followed by OutdooArchitectural Application.
This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Powder Coatings market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries.
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PPG Industries
Axalta Coating Systems
TIGER Drylac
RPM International
Nippon Paint
Jotun Powder Coatings
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ST Powder Coatings
American Powder Coatings
Aiyue Group
Jingaoli Group
Fujian Wanan
Meijia New Materials
Zhejiang Huacai
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Thermoset Powder Coating
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Indoor Application
OutdooArchitectural Application
Appliance & Housewares
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submitted by lpinformation3125 to u/lpinformation3125 [link] [comments]

2023.05.23 20:42 Suitable-Weekend5681 Hi Tom!
I have a membership at my local indoor track and go every day to get practice and better before I eventually make the jump into owner karting.
Now there's a few corners at my local track u don't have to break for u can come of the throttle and throw the kart into the corner before accelerating again. But im not sure what is better breaking slightly to turn the kart or use the 'slide' technique.
Hoping for some advice as I'm looking to improve my lap times.
Many Thanks
You played yourself, tw_womble.
submitted by Suitable-Weekend5681 to u/Suitable-Weekend5681 [link] [comments]

2023.05.21 17:32 Thrythlind Thrythlind's Wish-List Post (Long)

Caveat: A lot of these are just ideas that I have that could be interesting or would like to see. I'm not demanding them to appear. Nor do I expect the devs will likely see it and if they do, there's a low chance they will be interested in any of the ideas on here. And I imagine some of the ideas just don't work... I'm not a programmer, my flavor of game dev is tabletop RPG, so different constraints going on.
However, I have in the past, done random pondering as a between calls thing while at work, so this is more just casual sanity-keeping... and maybe I can find it easier on Reddit than Steam. So, I'm just going to paste some of the collected stuff that went into my post on the Steam forums.
I won't post other people's commentaries from there, because it's not content to repost. But anyway, onto the stuff. And if there's too much for one post, I'll put some in the replies. But I will continue to credit Steam user IDs that inspired me posting an idea.
(Also note that these are being pasted from something that dates to September of 2021, so lots of changes have happened which may have addressed some of the issues... I'll try to drop those as I see them, but won't catch everything... also, keeping in my "EDIT" markers and strikeouts from the original Steam forums post)
Gear: (reorganizing based on gameplay rather than theme)
Quality of Life (similar to Tripods and Strong Flashlights)
Hunt Defense (Sanity Pills, Crucifix, Smudge Sticks, Candles)
Sensors/Detection (Sound Sensor, Motion Sensor)
Behavior Encouragement/Detection (ParaMic, Salt)
Stuff I've already seen mentioned on the trello
The gear I think could benefit the most from having increased item caps on larger maps:
I think we generally have enough cameras and having more crucifixes would make it less frustrating for getting the objective in big rooms like the gym or cafeteria, but I also think that would be too much if it showed up on a smaller room in a big map.
But having more coverage on Sound Sensors and Motion Sensors would make them really useful and I don't think it would make things too easy. Having Sound Sensors for tracking broad scale roaming and then motion sensors for smaller scale roaming would be nice.
Gear Limits
If more gear gets added, then thoughts about a truck limit should be applied.
Currently the truck has:
If, for instance, you add more defense items (Ofuda, Prayer Bracelet, Noisemaker, etc) then maybe you'd have to trade it out for one of the other defense items (Sanity Pills, Crucifix, etc)
Perhaps this could be a more upgraded truck or mid-level truck and you can start with just basics: Gear Cabinet, Map, Whiteboard, Video Camera, Sanity Monitor
And expand as you level/spend money.
Especially I'd like to see a sound over time event for sound sensors and paramics similar to how the
Activity Chart works for EMF and being able to get maybe a max of 4 video monitors.
Optional Objectives:
Above I mentioned the idea of being able to switch out gear for other pieces. If this is the case, then the order of operations would be:
  1. Select job
  2. See Optional Objectives
  3. Select Gear
  4. Load in Map
As such, you could see "Stop the hunt with a crucifix" and thus know you should take a crucifix.
Other objectives to be added associated with the new gear.
I know the devs are thinking of revamping and making objectives more interesting, so not sure what to consider here until I get to see the new benchmarks.
Ghost Powers
Ghost Events
Options to turn off some ghost events as accessibility issues
Ghost Models: (despite descriptors on the inhuman, consider any ghost type could look like any ghost model… so you could have a Hantu with a design like an oni)
Animal ghosts
Inhuman ghosts
Humanistic ghosts
Paired Models
Ghost Model Hope:
Basically if there's a stereotypical ghost power that would be too obvious and ruin the puzzle, tie it to model instead of type.
For outdoor maps use terrain to create rooms.
Campsite - use cliff-faces and trees to create hallways and rooms/clearings
Ghost-Town - the hallway is the outdoor section, the rooms are the individual buildings (huge)
Cemetery - use hills, gates, fences, tombs, mausoleums, groundskeeper's hut, church to create rooms (I know they've said cemetery is hard because it would be too open and the above is my suggestions to hopefully see it come about eventually)
Alternatives to the Bone as “Anchors” or “Fetters” (All of these would be unique item models not similar to common stuff around the map)
CJ has mentioned on Insym's stream a similar idea to this.
Cosmetic localizations
Optional location maps to the US, either similarly large scale countries and regions or zoomed in:
Probably best to wait until it's possible to build maps along the preferred architectural designs of those regions and hire artists with connections to said cultures.
Side note... doubt it would happen, but a change from set maps to procedurally generated ones would be interesting. Feels like it's a bit too fraught with peril and glitches to try that. Especially when you take into account having two floors. Would make adding some uniqueness to each investigation a bit easier since learning the map would be part of the investigation.
The alternate defense items has two motivations:
Going to expand on my hunt defense suggestions a bit just by giving my criteria:
Basically, every hunt defense item is a different puzzle.
Expanded Pondering on Paired Ghost models
Ghost model idea
Cursed pairs/groups
The ghost is two ghosts perhaps one ghost murdered the other(s) or perhaps they died in a disaster and one ghost is the more aggressive.
Most ghost events are from one model: the victim/less aggressive ghost. Hunting is always from the other associated model: the murderemore aggressive ghost.
Accompanying ghost sounds include warnings from the non-aggressive ghosts such as "he's/she's coming" and shouts like "leave us alone" from the aggressive ghost.
Evidence and other things based on type. But this model combo might allow for ghost events/activity in two different rooms simultaneously.
I'd tie this to a model set rather than a ghost type.
That said, I wouldn't set this to just one combo... you don't want it always be the same models for aggressive and non-aggressive.
You could have a pool for the friendlieless aggressive ghosts and use the existing pool of models for the hunting model.
Let the lore be imagined/created by the players... maybe it's a mother and her child and the mother is protecting the child from intruders (the player). Maybe it was siblings that died in a fire. Maybe it was a murder suicide. Etc.
Alternately have the hunt be a random thing so sometimes either model will hunt and sometimes only one model will. Further allowing RNG to develop a story.
This would be a lot of work I expect... but feels like the kind of flex I'd like to see in models.
Just a commentary on the cursed-pair model set idea.
The haunted hotel in Vampire the Masquerade: Bloodlines sort of matches the idea I had for this.
There's a lot of events with the woman appearing and pointing you toward clues or running through hallways away from someone.
And when dangerous things happen they're often proceeded by a man's laughter.
So that's pretty much what I'm thinking of:
Events - woman being scared or helping investigator. Hunts - man trying to kill investigator.
And of course, the exact model for ghosts can be different. Two men, two women, two children, child and man, child and woman, etc.
The sheer number of models to make this model set feel unique each time would be effort intensive though.
Alternate Idea for Ofuda / Alternate Crucifix
Heard insym comment that he'd like to have four crucifixes that each worked once in some circumstances. I'd like to suggest that as a potential side-grade (as in if you have this, you don't also have the Crucifix).
Instead of two crucifixes you can get up to two ofuda to place on walls or floors and do the same task as a crucifix, but each has one use.
Allow for cosmetic sidegrades of different gear.
Incense sticks instead of smudge sticks. Alternate religious symbols in place of crucifix. Cobbled together handheld-radio version of a spirit box. Clipboard or academic spiral notebook for ghost writing, etc Some sort of chemical spill in place of salt.
Also, my alternate hunting items ideas as use-sidegrades.
So, the Ofuda as a side-grade replacement of the Crucifix, the speakers in place of smudge sticks. (Might also be used outside of hunts to provoke a response or ghost event from the truck, but would also consume the speaker after the ghost event.)
When we get career stats, have funny graphical representations of different stats.
Conumables used and next to a list of consumables a trash can showing the remains of the most recently used up consumables. So like empty pill bottles, half-burned and fully burned crucifixes, remains of smudge sticks, and so on.
Times killed: A pile of job-ID lanyards/badges put on like a memorial wall.
Ghosts discovered: Any ghost-photo we collected next to a name and location, or "no image available" thing for cases where we got no ghost photo.
Rename the difficulty levels to something more thematic in nature
It doesn't affect gameplay but does add a bit to immersion. As I think the gig-economy would paint everybody as professionals.
Making ghosts have personality:
Issue: Ghosts tend to seem very samey, ghosts with personality come about as a result of basically RNG with some adjustment by ghosts types that personality cues not possessed by other types. However, ghost type behavioral differences are by necessity mostly pretty mild in order to preserve the puzzle aspect of the game.
Idea: Using the ghost models to introduce more of the obvious behavioral bits. This is something that has already been discussed as being in the works by DK and CJ with Horror 2.0 apparently planned to have different events tied to different models.
Terminology: I've been using the term "Model Set" to refer to both the graphical model and the events and environmental pieces that would be tied to it.
Expanding on the idea of the model set, it would be interesting if the ghosts had a sort of "load out" of ghost events.
Assume there is a pool of General Ghost Events available to every ghost model, a pool of Map Events connected to each map, and a pool of Model Set Events tied to specific model sets.
Going to assume some arbitrary numbers here.
Let's assume each ghost has a loadout of:
Thus each ghost would have 24 separate possible events it could use (which is far more than most ghosts would do in general) which would encompass:
As a note, by map specific event I mean something more than an object interaction such as moving the rocking chair or tapping the piano. All object interactions should be available to all ghosts, perhaps with a ghost have a set of favorite/preferred objects that it has a much higher chance of returning to and interacting with.
A map specific event might be something like the TV going crazy in Tanglewood or Willow... or the Fireplace ejecting flame in Ridgeview (I think there's a fireplace in the living room? I might be wrong there) stuff like that. actual Events.
For further note, if implementing this, perhaps put Manifestation (where the ghost appears) on a separate activity chart so that you could have a lot of these elements appearing that don't necessarily produce a ghost photo op every time. That said, any additional activity is a lowered likelihood of photo op as the manifestations are, no matter what you do, working against a pool of other possible events.
If you throw in the items I have earlier that could potentially force a ghost to appear (tossing holy water in the right place... using Seance candles, I think those are the only two I suggested) then increased non-manifestation events wouldn't be as much as an issue.
Mirror evidence ghosts --- this entire section was posted before cursed objects were released, but leaving them here... I've re-worked one or two of these but keeping these just for the same sort of shrug pondering purposes.
The idea of mirrors as evidence came from Mynx-in-Match and my development of that was:
Mirror fogs - Ghost is present
Mirror cracks - Evidence
Strigoi - A parasitic entity that projects itself into the physical world to prey upon the living.
Vrykolakas - A bloated creature that kills those who reply to its knocking.
Jiangshi - A spirit with stiff limbs that pursues the living with tenacity and seeking the breath of the living.
Empusa - A devouring spirit sent to guard roads and devour travelers.
More potential Mirror Ghosts (a bit inspired by having started playing Black Book)
Said to be a sorcerer who died before they could pass on the spirits that they had bound to a successor. Their presence is betrayed by these former servants turned jailers. (fluff. I figure DOTS and Orbs represent the swarm of familiar spirits they had in life).
A ghost that possesses the living. The possessed person may not be aware of their situation and they become a center of misfortune.
A demon of bath houses that is angered by those who don't follow proper rituals and punishing those that enter it's space without permission.
Coming from the suggestion by HyperFusedBlur and expanded upon by TamTroll, I'm listing the idea of having upgrades to the truck.
HyperFusedBlur suggested having multiple cameras to accommodate the 6 placeable video cameras and 4 head cameras.
TamTroll expanded on that suggesting the ability to set some monitors to be "facility" "investigator" "head cams" and "placeable video cams." To make cycling easier.
Expanding, because having upgrades to the basic truck has been something I've wanted... if it's feasible (I'm uncertain if the trucks are part of the map or not).
Truck progression:
Video Monitor progression:
Activity Chart:
Sound Sensor:
Sanity Chart:
From Teirdalin's suggestion:
Motion triggered cameras. Cameras tied into something like the motion sensor so it will trigger to be the focus camera on the screen when it detects movement.
This could potentially cause issues with teammates not being careful about triggering one when another camera is being watched elsewhere.
Alternate Bannitsa write-up for the existing evidence types
Also looking at this as a possible solution to the fact that EMF Level 5 + Ghost Orbs on Nightmare is always a Raiju due to Obake fingerprints being forced
A spirit associated with bath houses, banniks are intolerant of visitors and react poorly to uninvited guests.
Regarding sounds of running water and Rain.
Jiangshi - non-mirror version
When a person is improperly buried sometimes the brutal part of their soul remains behind when the rest passes on and they rise as these blind but relentless ghosts.
regarding the evidence, the myth is that the good/intelligent part of the soul has passed on but the evil/animalistic part remains... so I figure the Ghost Orbs, DOTS, and Writing are the good parts of the soul trying to warn people while the evil parts flail about like a monster.
A ghost that likes the light.
Uncertain what folklore to match with this idea.
Idea isn't just an anti-Mare that hunts early in light but where light makes it more active. More ghost events, more interactions, maybe a chance not to turn off the light when a ghost event happens. So, not technically an early hunter, but drawn to well-lit areas and barraging the investigator with Oni-like activity and sanity draining events. Making the typical "safe trail" of lights a gauntlet.
Possibly a hidden ability to give spirit box response in lighted areas as well as dark ones.
Never does a light bulb explosion event. Does lots of red-light events. Maybe doesn't turn off lights except end of hunts and ghost events.
Weakness is that darkness drains sanity slower and activity in shadows is lower... making dark areas not safe... but safer... reversing the normal expectation of light v dark in the game.
Ghost that likes noise.
High chance to do interactions that create ongoing sound (radio, car alarm, shower, sink)
Interactions that cause sound (guitar, piano, shower, car alarm, phone, radio, giggle) drain sanity for nearby hunters (2-4 meters) not throws (that's arbitrary, I know, but leave that a poltergeist thing).
Ongoing sounds do an initial sanity drain like momentary sounds, and maybe a small ongoing drain about half the rate of normal darkness sanity drain.
Weakness is that it's paramic and sound sensor readings linger longer. If it's just standing around it doesn't make a sound, but if it does an interaction the paramic/sound sensor readings last longer. And if it starts walking, it makes maybe a 0.7 - 1.0 sound on the Sound Sensors and paramic and this will start to fade slowly dropping by 0.1 per 0.5 seconds or so.
So, if you're lucky and you catch it at the right time, you can use the paramic to trail the stronger sound signals and follow it. This would be one of the more glaring weaknesses, like Wraith footsteps in salt... but as the devs have said, "not every ghost needs to be strong".
submitted by Thrythlind to PhasmophobiaGame [link] [comments]

2023.05.20 09:06 Tear-Wide Mistake You Need To Avoid For Aircon

Mistake You Need To Avoid For Aircon
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2023.05.19 20:12 Zachscott32 MLP: The Ride Creepy Story.

There are places hidden on the internet. Dark, forbidden, places. Places that people like me go for information. People like me that are very much aware that something is really wrong with our world.
It is in these deep corners one can find certain things. Snatches of scripts, character outlines. Drawings. Parts of old YouTube trailers taken down and never to be shown again. All of these things pertain to a kids show that was created for television but never shown. All of it was compiled by a woman who died a few years ago. Her name was Melanie Ross.
It was this article I found posted by someone who went by the Id Derpy that drew my attention and I do confess I find myself believing in it. First Derpy has posted other articles and information on the show before and is generally viewed as a trustworthy source. And second as I myself have worked for Disney for a very short time. I have heard certain rumors about the ride in question. Though it was long gone before I worked at the parks the rumors still persist to this day.
But in the end I cannot verify or deny this story. I'm posting her journal entry here to let the reader decide. Do with it as you wish.
MY Little Pony: Adventures through Equestria.From the journal of Melanie Rose
It was going to be a hot day. The park hasn't opened yet I can already feel beads of sweat rolling down the back of my neck. I was among the crowds of guests waiting to enter the park and the Florida sun was already baking me but no one else seemed to notice or if they did, care.
I could feel myself growing impatient and even a little nervous as I waited. A month ago I had visited the park. I tried to sneak in and see it but I got caught by security. They were nice to me as they escorted me through those mysterious tunnels under the park that everyone talks about as they took me to the office of Disney security. They took my name and Id told me they were letting me go with a warning that if they ever caught me anywhere on Disney World property ever again I would be arrested for trespassing. I was being banned for life from Disney.
Yet here I am again. Two days from now that secret Disney and Hasbro has been doing its best to pretend it doesn't exist will be gone. Two days from now what I came all the way here to see will be demolished to make way for a new ride. From what I heard told it will be some sort of Snow White Roller coaster ride.
Two days from now The My Little Pony ride will be erased from the earth never to be seen again.
In 2009 Hasbro was in full production in a new cartoon series. It was a planned reboot to an old eighties series that didn't do so well when it came out. But they were confident the new one would make up for the failure of the first. After all, name a little girl and little boy who doesn't like ponies.
Spearheaded by a man named Simon Kuklachelovek well known in the industry for creating hit cartoon series. Hasbro was so confident in the new series they teamed up with Disney to help create a ride for it.
How it came to be I can't say. The deal was done behind closed door that even I couldn't get into. But there are a few things I have learned. The ride was called "My Little Pony: Adventures through Equestria" estimated cost was around eighty million with each company splitting the bill. The ride itself some sources had said it was around five to seven minutes long with a combination of animatronics, 2D and 3D animation in something that was described as a mild indoor roller coaster.
Upon entering the ride guests were seated into a gold or silver chariot representing the sun and the moon that could hold between ten to fifteen people. The ride itself was like a story. (Disney does like its stories.) As guests are magically transported from Disney World to Equestria by a purple unicorn named Twilight Sparkle.
Twilight escorts the guests through Equestria meeting her friends along the way. However, an evil Alicorn named Nightmare Moon tries to stop Twilight and the guests, promising eternal darkness.
With the help of the guests Twilight prepares to stop her along with her friends to help while a blue unicorn and something called a draconequus named Discord attempt to create chaos and prevent Twilight from stopping Nightmare Moon.
However Twilight Sparkle with the help of some magic gems called the Elements of Harmony they are able to Send Nightmare Moon back.
The ride ends with everyone arriving in Canterlot with Celestia sending the guests back to the Magic Kingdom in Disney World. And that is what the ride supposedly is about.
From what I learned the My Little Pony ride was completed but never opened. It sits there now unused in the Magic Kingdom hidden by a wooden fence and potted bushes hiding it so well that it's easy to miss if you don't know what you're looking for.
Why? What happened? It didn't take me too long as I researched the show to make me realize why Disney would rather take a forty million dollar loss and pretend it doesn't exist. They're scared of it.
Finally. After waiting what felt like hours the park opens with a flair. I wipe the sweat off my forehead while I navigate my way through the crowds. I feel a little nervous as I pass by Disney employees welcoming me into the park.
I have been careful on my return trip. I have cut my hair short and dyed it red. I am also wearing a sunhat and thick red sunglasses. With the thousands of people entering the Magic Kingdom everyday I'm sure I won't be noticed. But still this whole ordeal is playing havoc with me. A feeling every time I see an employee a paranoia seems to overtake me. A feeling that they know who I am and they are waiting for me.
I pick up the pace as I make my way through Main Street USA then cut through Cinderella's castle as I exit the other side entering FantasyLand. The carousel is the first thing that greets me. Playing Old Disney songs while rows of perfect white horses spin around and around in a circle until the end of time. When I was a little girl the carousel was my favorite thing in the world. Now I have to admit it kinda scares me.
I stare at the horses and I wonder what secrets do they know? What are they not telling us? I looking in the eyes of the countless horses as they spin past me. Feeling that if they could talk they would tell me to run.
"You're going to die," came the voice of a young girl as she got onto the carousel.
I froze as those words stabbed me through the heart. Turning around I see a young girl that had to have been around seven or eight wearing a yellow ballerina dress that said "You have friends in Equestria," on it. Attached to it was a pink tutu that matched her long flowing pink hair. Fake plastic yellow wings were attached to the back of it while her arms wrapped around a purple plush unicorn that stared at me with these intense violet eyes.
Slowly the carousel began to spin again as the wooden horses went up and down to some Disney song I couldn't remember the name of.
"I'm sorry I didn't catch what you said," I say to her. "Can you please repeat that?"
"Who is your favorite pony?" the girl asked me. Showing off her perfect white teeth as she smiled, "Mine is Twilight Sparkle."
"Favorite pony from what?"
The girl stared at me for a moment as if she was listening to someone only she could hear before she finally spoke again. "They were right. This really is the happiest place on earth."
I watched her as she skipped away from me. Easily disappearing into the throngs of people moving all around. I tried to catch sight of her but she was gone. Leaving me standing next to the Carousel as It played "When you Wish Upon A Star."
I hate to admit it but that girl shook me up more than I want to admit to myself. Picking up the pace I worked my way to the edge of where FantasyLand bordered with Liberty Square. It is their where I located the ride on my last visit. As I said before the ride has been barricaded by a wooden fence too high to see through, obscured even further with potted bushes, shrubs and some other plants. I didn't know what kind they were except for doing a good job in hiding it.
The ride was excellently camouflaged I have to admit. If you didn't know what you were looking for you would have easily walked right past it. It took me almost the entire day to find it on my last visit. Getting caught when I finally found the gate that would lead me in.
I picked up the pace as I got closer. Once you know what you were looking for. It becomes a lot easier to see as I make a beeline towards it. Carefully I worked my way through the plants. It was easy to find the latch as I gripped the handle and started to open the door.
"Ma'am, what are you doing?" came a voice directly behind me, "You're not supposed to be in there."
I found myself freezing and my mind racing as I heard the footsteps of Disney security walking right behind me.
"Ma'am, I'm going to have to ask you to step out of the bushes," said the security guard to me.
I have never claimed to be a fast thinker. But today I have to admit if they ever hand out awards for being fast on your feet I would definitely qualify for one as I reached into my backpack, grabbing some candy I got from my mother. I jammed one of the wrapped up candy pieces into my mouth, holding it in my mouth as I backed out slowly.
"I'm sorry." I said. Giving him my friendliest smile as I unwrapped the candy piece and ate it. "I was just looking for a place to eat all this yummy candy my mom gave me. They told me where, but I couldn't find it."
Like a true Disney employee I saw him relax as he directed me to the nearest area. Probably figuring me as just some stupid tourist. I pretended to listen to his instructions then waved as I went off. Breathing a sigh of relief as I turned the corner and out of his vision. Stupid girl Paige. I should have been paying better attention. Don't want to get caught again.
I let some time pass wandering the park until I decide to head back to the spot. Dammit! As I get closer I see him hovering around the area. He seems bored standing there but he is alert as I watch him paying attention to the passerby.
Quickly before he can spot me I duck into one of the many shops in the Magic Kingdom. I walk to the back and surround myself with Mickey and Minnie Mouse dolls where I can keep and eye on him. Sooner or later, he will move away, and when he does, I will find out what is behind that fence.
Dang it!, I thought if I waited long enough he would move to another spot. Three hours have passed and still security is guarding the area. It's a different guard than earlier but still I don't want to be seen hanging around or he might get suspicious.
I buy an overpriced Donald Duck keychain as I continued to walk around the shops. Keeping an eye out for any opening I can exploit. My patience is starting to wear thin when I finally see a way to get in. Probably the only one I will ever get.
They do try to tell people about the Florida heat but everyday at least one guest decides to ignore the warnings and not drink enough fluids. It was an elder man this time. I saw him collapse to the ground nearby as the rest of his family just stood over him in shock. To dumbfounded to do anything but stand there like trees. I guess they never believed that anything like this could happen at Disney.
I must admit to being impressed by the man. I watch as he quickly comes over and starts to assist the family. Calling for help while rendering aid. Better for me as I take a deep breath and walk past the group who is too busy dealing with the emergency. Working my way around them I quickly sneak by and bury myself into the bushes as I make my way through to the fence. It doesn't take me long to find the gate again. I grab the handle and find it opening easily as I quietly sneak in.
The door swung open with no sound and no resistance as I entered and close it behind me with a loud snick. Taking me a moment to realize just how quiet it was.
Behind me I could still hear the music, the chaos of thousands of people going from ride to ride. But it all sounded so far away. As if the Magic kingdom had suddenly been moved a few miles.
The continuous scraping of my shoes against the concrete as I walked onward was the only sound I made. I have to admit the My Little Pony ride looked impressive as I could feel the little girl inside of me giggle at it in awe.
The outside was made to look like a giant tree. With an opening at its base for guests to enter. From its many branches I could see colorful figures of ponies watching. Now slightly faded from the years of neglect, staring at me through the leaves or playing around the trunk of the tree near the opening. I have to admit I felt a little creeped out. Their stares too intense. Their smiles too wide. I worked my way through some old rusted barriers that formed lines for the guests who will never see it to enter. In the silence I could hear the hum of engines running in the distance. Was the ride left on?
Flickering lights made to look like candles illuminated the inside as I approached it. Closing my eyes I could hear the whispering of many voices waiting eagerly in line for their chance to ride. The laughter of children seemed to drift from every dark corner that was beyond my vision.
Taking deep breaths as I felt myself growing more and more anxious as I got closer. The little girl from earlier. Her smile stuck in my head made me more afraid than I wanted to admit as I stepped in.
The room was circular made out of plastic constructed to look like wood as if I was inside of a giant tree. Rows up rows of dusty books were glued onto old shelves rotting away and covered in cobwebs. In the center was a large puddle of green water. Probably algae. Rain water must have leaked in from a hole in the roof to form the puddle in the middle of the room. Seeming to have the smell of a forgotten basement, I have to say, it reminded me more of the Haunted Mansion ride than a cheerful cartoon of singing ponies.
On one side, a screen was built into the wall. Warped and scratched with a thin film of grime from the look of it. What was it going to play? I couldn't tell you as the thing looked pretty damaged. And still I could hear the voices of thousands of people patiently waiting in line along with their children. Seeming to follow me as I made my way through the room and to the other side which led me down a corridor made of the same plastic wood. Illuminated by those same plastic lights masquerading as candles.
Occasionally, I would pass empty monitors attached to the ceiling. A couple had fallen off their posts to shatter on the ground but most were still secured to the ceiling.
I passed another room easily stepping around the tarnished and stained brass rails separating lines of people that would never use it. And still this sensation of being surrounded seemed to follow me, as I walked into the third and final room.
The room was bigger than the other two as it divided people into yet more lines. Beyond it was a mural of a forest overlooking a clear blue sky with the silhouette of a castle in the background. In the center was a metal track painted black with a gold chariot sitting their humming quietly from unseen motors running below the rails, patiently waiting for me to get on.
Each seat had a harness that rose above it. A symbol of the sun was painted on the front of the chariot. On the side, was the numbers 101010. For two years, it sat here, neglected, yet the chariot seemed brand new, the seat was comfortable. I didn't want to get on it, but there was no going back. I knew I had to see this to the end.
I continued to feel the unseen eyes watching me, knowing I was going to do it. Regardless, I stepped downward into the chariot and made my way towards the middle. Once I made myself comfortable, the harness came down over me, securing me in with a loud click as the ride began to move and a hidden door in front of me opened.
"Here in Equestria, our magic can be unpredictable to creatures such as you," said the voice overhead that sounded like Twilight Sparkle as the chariot rolled onward, "So please, keep your hands, feet, and head inside the chariot at all times."
"And please, no flash photography during your trip. It can scare all those cute, cuddly animals of the forest, and we wouldn't want that now, would we?" said another voice that sounded like Fluttershy before the chariot began to accelerate.
I was surprised by the condition of the ride. Despite having a couple years of neglect it still ran pretty smooth. Some of the animatronics didn't work properly and a few of the screens were damaged. One was completely shattered with shards of glass laying all over the ground. A few of the props had fallen over and everything was caked in a layer of dirt and filth. But the ride ran pretty smooth as the chariot zipped along the rails following the purple unicorn named Twilight Sparkle who continued to take me all over Equestria, showing off all her friends that live in Ponyville.
It was about the middle of the ride I guess. As Twilight along with her friends, that everything took a very dark turn. Clouds began to fill the screen above me as it got noticeably darker. Lightening began to flash all around me as an ominous laughter was heard growing louder and louder.
"Oh no!" yelled Twilight Sparkle, "Nightmare Moon is back!"
A silhouette of something dark drifted behind the cartoon clouds. Something that I was sure didn't belong on the ride. A something that was very much aware of me
My nervousness began to creep back into me as the feeling that something was wrong. My hand gripped the harness and I pulled it to see if I could lift it up but it was locked into place. Panic began to overtake me as I began to fight with it. As a terrible knowing that bad things were beginning to happen.
Another flash of lightning ripped the darkness apart as black ooze began to pour out of the animatronics. The blackness dripped out downwards to the ground, tearing up the ponies and exposing their metallic insides as more continued to come out the six ponies as the chariot continued onwards.
"You wanted to know Paige," said the remains of Twilight as her face sunk into her head. Twisting into a terrible grin before dropping off to the ground, "You wanted to see. You wanted to understand what we are. I hope you enjoy the ride."
The chariot rocketed forward going faster and faster turning sharply downwards as I felt myself being pressed into the seat from the accelerations as the ride plunged into a tunnel.
Downwards I shot, everything becoming a blur of motion. It was dark, but enough light was present somehow for me to barely see.
"He is at the center." said a voice in the darkness sounding like Twilight, "He is the everything. He is the end, the eater. The chaos. He is everything. And he is hungry, always hungry."
"And we are eating, always eating." said another voice that sounded like Rainbow Dash.
"Behold the chaos. Hail the eater." said another voice that sounded like Pinkie Pie.
A reddish light ripped the darkness apart and I saw. I didn't want to see but I couldn't stop. A thing beyond the imagination of any sane or rational mind laid their unmoving. Even though I was still away from it, the size of the thing was incomprehensible, seeming to stretch both in height and width as I saw the thing that lay below our planet.
"As big as the world. Maybe even bigger." whispered the voice in my ear as I sat there unable to move, my terror paralyzing me.
It's wormlike body was black without eyes, ears or nose. Only a mouth opened to expose rows upon rows of mountain sized teeth. On the side, I saw deformed wings and misshapen limbs too small for such a huge creature to use.
I didn't want to see. I just wanted it all to stop. But as I looked onward, I knew it's name. From the deepest corner of my soul I knew it. "Discord". Certain that's what it called itself as I was certain the sky was blue. It was immense, it was terrifying, and it was dead.
I gagged as I caught the overpowering stench of rot and decay, the creature was decomposing. I stared at things resembling deformed ticks the size of houses crawled over the corpse by the millions. Their abdomens swollen to the point of bursting as they consumed the dead monster worm. As I knew that the sun would burn out before those things would make a dent in the body.
I stared as one of the carrion eaters lost its footing on the carcass, tumbling downwards, it hit the floor and burst spilling enough black goo to fill a few pools, and still my terror grew as I saw them.
There must have been about ten of them crawling around in the mess on the ground. They are crying in pain as they started to evaporate, and their bodies are twisting and turning from the exposure to the elements and all I could think of was. "Oh my god, they look like ponies."
And then the true horror hit me. All of it. The truth of it all. The knowing of the unknown.
Discord wasn't dead.
"Ding, ding, ding, give the lady a prize!" laughed a voice that sounded like Discord's voice but in a demonic tone behind me.
He is dead, but he isn't. Discord was somehow in between living in the dead but still clinging to life. It was growing and it was coming back, and it knew I was here.
The chariot banked sharply, speeding onwards towards the it. Faster and faster it goes as I saw its mouth grow bigger, as I lost all sanity from that point. I could only think of ONE thing though: To try and get off of this chariot. Maybe, maybe then I can have a fighting chance to avoid the impending doom that awaits me at the end of this line.
My panic took over as I blindly fought against the restraints while approaching the mouth at an incredible speed. As horrible as the thought of death could be, I knew it would be nothing as to what was inside of the thing waiting for me, and still the chariot continued on.
"You wanted to know. You wanted to see. Just know you will always have friends to be with you, forever. Isn't it magical?" said the voice that sounded like Discord, laughing evilly.
It's teeth hung overhead as I shot into its mouth into the darkness, and then everything snapped inside of me, and I did the only thing I could do... I screamed.
"Thanks to our new friends, we were able to defeat Nightmare moon and restore Equestria." said the white alicorn as the chariot passed her by, "Now I will safely send you back to the Magic Kingdom. But feel free to visit whenever you want. There's always time for friends."
I sat there in stunned silence unable to comprehend anything that just happened. I sat there, dumbfounded as I blankly watched rows of dancing ponies celebrating the defeat of Nightmare Moon.
"Farewell, new friends! I hope to see you again real soon!" screamed a pink pony named Pinkie Pie standing on a ledge on top of the exit doors, as she brought out a cannon that showered me with degraded confetti.
I felt the ride roll to a complete stop, back at the beginning. My body started to shake and convulse as everything ripped through me. For the first time in my life, I believed in true evil. For the first time in my life, I believed in the devil.
I felt bile rising up inside me and the harness mercifully unhooked giving me the freedom to finally get out. I vomited. I cried. I vomited some more.
How I got away? Well... Um... I couldn't tell you, as everything was a blur. I don't know how I got out from the Magic Kingdom and made it to my car, but once I was there, I finally felt safe as I started to let it all out.
It took me a while to get myself under control before I turned the key in the ignition and let the A/C cool me off. As I started to put my car into drive, I noticed something sticking out on the side of the passenger's seat. As I laid it on my lap, I felt the fear return.
It was a laminated folder covered in Disney characters with the word "Memories" printed on it in bright gold letters and a red border. Opening it up, I saw a photograph of myself on that ride. I thought I rode alone but there was someone on it sitting behind me... That little girl with the yellow dress and the pink hair. Her eyes were black and crying blood, and she had red pupils too, and she was smiling and waving at the camera.
At the bottom, inscribed on the picture was the phrase, "Abandoned by God".
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2023.05.19 17:43 No_Employment5822 Social Skills and Community Building after bad first impression 😓

Hey, /preppers, how's it going? Really long post below but I tried to make a decent TL;DR.
As the title states, I wanted to ask for some input and/or resources on developing social skills and community/coalition building in a SHTF scenario. TL;DR I am looking for advice on how to proceed with my local community after possibly giving a bad first impression. May be a long-winded post but I really want to explain my situation as I have very poor socialization skills. Looking for general social intelligence advice, books, resources, videos etc.
This might be a lot of background but, me (Millennial, M) and my partner (Millennial, F) currently live in a fairly safe neighborhood in a big city in a red state in the USA and split a "double house" or whatever you'd call it with one neighbor, so we share walls on one side of our houses. Sorry if any of this is communicated weirdly, I'm under-informed on a lot but trying to catch up. On our side of the street there are mostly these "double houses" but across from us it appears to be all single family homes/neighbors seem "wealthier" at a glance at least from the vehicles and other expenses that they have on display.
I am undergoing treatment and medication for PTSD, GAD, MDD, and ADHD stemming from my abuse growing up. I had very little social contact with anyone outside of my nuclear family growing up and was never allowed to leave the house, etc. However I am doing really well in my life at the moment but have struggled with being ultra-defensive and hyper-vigilant and hostile to strangers for a lot of my life, and I have only really started being a stable person period about a year ago.
But until this last year I was pretty much spiraling out of control and in a mental tailspin, was heavily abusing THC and alcohol to self-medicate etc. My partner and I lived in a pretty horrific and violent apartment before moving into this house and constant domestic abuse/rampaging groups of young people/car break ins and shootings left me in a very dark and jaded place mentally and on top of the anti-social behavior that became prevalent during the initial COVID years I pretty much started acting like an aggressive and misanthropic person, openly hostile and suspicious of anyone in my vicinity.
My partner is a smaller, in shape and attractive person and was constantly targeted with harassment by the various males that occupied our apartment and surrounding communities and we have had many "close calls" with some man trying to harm her in some way or follow her or take advantage of her in the past. She has worked immensely on developing more of a confident and "stay away" composure when in public but it's still very uncomfortable imagining how people around us might be fixated on her.
When alone she has been surrounded by groups of men of various ages and backgrounds (like from teenage to 65+. Really no pattern. Just any post-puberty male lmao) in just grocery stores several times trying to harass her or convince her to leave with them. Uber drivers trying to pressure her to cancel the ride and go back to their homes with them instead. Delivery drivers and store clerks using her personal info to call/text/harass her through multiple blocked numbers and social media accounts, it goes on and on. Really scary shit. We had previously spent a few months homeless and again she was constantly targeted by sketchy individuals once it was obvious that we were homeless.
These experiences have led to both of us becoming extremely reserved and cautious around people and especially males. I am a decently large and masculine presenting person so these events have never happened when I was with her, but persistently when she was alone. I'm not in crazy intimidating shape or anything but am just decently big/muscular and have masculine features etc. Just to point out to clarify that I'm not some scary looking guy, just above average in height and size and male.
Our next door neighbor is a younger male, maybe a few years younger than myself but around the same age so both my partner and I have been operating on a total "I can't see you" cold shoulder style ignoring of their presence because every time we've tried to be casually friendly to neighbor men it has turned into them trying to harass her. Nothing rude or hostile but just very reserved.
After a year of being on treatment and in therapy for my issues my emotional intelligence has skyrocketed and I am a much more calm and gentle person emotionally and act much more confident and casual when in public spaces and talking to strangers. I've lost a lot of weight since moving here and have also taken much more care to groom my appearance and buy new clothes/keep my beard trimmed etc.
We don't have a car anymore (someone stole the catalytic converter from aforementioned apartment) but live in a walkable area but I know that I've come off as a creepy stranger danger dude in the past because of my tense body language and longeunkempt beard and hair and dress walking to get groceries and stuff. I don't think it's that bad or anything but of course I can see that my neighbors might think I'm a bit sketchy from how I used to present myself. I also used to seriously neglect lawn care etc and a million other things that I am able to manage now.
Since being on medication and therapy I have taken the effort in waving/smiling at neighbors as well as using my snow blower to plow the sidewalks "for them" as a little neighborly gesture when we have heavy snowfall to be friendly and little things like that. After studying a lot of online information regarding collapse during a SHTF scenario it seems clear that a "bugging in" approach is the most feasible and safe option for survival and safety during social fallout. I'm just in this position where I don't really know how to begin building these bridges because of my lack of social skills and overthinking others' perception of me.
Are there any resources I can research to just...learn basic human social skills? I mean I'm a friendly and personable person now lmao I just don't know how to gauge social danger because I grew up being so numb to harm and danger after a point. I have poor "intuition" a lot of the time and find myself needing to overthink situations in frustration instead of having more of an "instinct" that others may have more naturally. I've read "the gift of fear" a few times and I think its helped a lot but still.
Should I be trying to form some type of neighborly friendship with the guy next door? Or my adjacent neighbors? How can I go about that after taking a year + to warm up and start acting like a normal person? Is it safer to just keep the distance as things start to accelerate?
I acknowledge that I don't really know any of these people and just have observed their behavior as a neighbor so I'm really unsure of how to proceed. The neighbors in the double houses on my side of the street seem "nicer" and more young/lower-middle class and the neighbors across the street in the single houses appear to be older and wealthier. A few of them have gigantic "pavement princess" style trucks that look very expensive and new with the typical punisher skull/thin blue line/"we the people"/American flag made out of ammunition type of stickers all over their stuff.
Many of the single homes also have expensive and loud motorcycles that they will sit on just revving and driving around the neighborhood slowly seemingly just seeking noise/attention during the spring when the snow clears. They're also the ones setting off crazy "bomb" style fireworks for like a full month around the 4th of july well into the early morning. My neighbors in the double houses in general seem to act a lot more "low key" and considerate. Again I acknowledge that these are pre-conceived notions and assumptions but how do I proceed here with community building? I feel a little uncomfortable trusting the wealthy families with all this aggressive macho shit all over their flashy vehicles they use to bother neighbors to have the best interests of others in mind during a SHTF scenario. The houses across the street are much bigger and more expensive and they have huge lawns that they get up-kept professionally so I don't think this is a "lower-income person trying to seem rich" scenario and rather a noticeable income gap.
Following "grey man" advice I've read online I try to present as apolitical/politically neutral or disinterested when about in public so It's not like I'm gawking (I do live in a red state as I said so i would be gawking constantly if I did so at every 'right wing' appearing display) but I feel like its a red flag to be anti-social in the way a lot of these wealthy homes have been. What is the best path forward? Should I strive to build a FULL neighborhood community network? Should I just try to build rapport with my immediate neighbors on my left and right? Should I continue keeping to myself and just trying to keep my head down? How do I break the ice with people I've been giving the cold shoulder to for so long? Should I even bother?
I know this is a fucking book by this point but these issues have been really weighing on me and I would be so grateful for any general advice or direction I should take from you informed people here.
I have a lot of space in my house that I'm planning on using to grow food indoors. We both work from home so I have a unique position with my schedule. We don't have a gun but would like one eventually as some kind of defensive backup plan. We would also like to get a dog eventually. I am not writing this from a me-against-them paranoid perspective, I would rather have a cooperative and supportive community to participate in but am totally unsure of how to go about developing one.
If you've read all of this I deeply appreciate your time and DEEPLY appreciate any advice or input.
submitted by No_Employment5822 to preppers [link] [comments]

2023.05.19 02:22 Alternative-Policy76 Robotica Fan Game (based Seasons 1, 2 and 3 on the TLC programme)

Robotica The Game
Featuring all 72 Robots and all 7 Challenges from the tv show including ones that didn't enter and even alternatives.
Season 1 Challenge 1 - Speedway: 2 robots race in opposite directions on a figure eight track, 10 points per lap robot fighting is allowed, 1st robot with 8 laps wins or ahead in 2:00 20 Bonus Points for Winner. Time Limit: 2 minutes
Season 1 Challenge 2 - Maze: 2 robots negotiate 5 obstacles in order Ramp, Push Box, 2 Spiked Rotating Paddles, Guillotine (with Speed Bumps) and Waterfall, 15 points per obstacle and 25 points for winner. Time Limit: 3 minutes
Season 1 Challenge 3 - Gauntlet V1: 2 robots breakthrough 5 barriers of increasing difficulty in order, Pane of Glass, Mount of Metal Cans, Red Bricks, Concrete Paving Stones and a 100 lb Safe, 15 points per obstacle 25 points for winner. Time Limit: 3 Minutes
Season 1 Challenge 4 - Fight To The Finish V1: 2, 3 or 4 Robots will fight eachother on 16 x 16 square surrounded by guard rails, spikes and flame torches, after 60 seconds the rails will drop, the last robot standing is the winnder.
Season 2 and 3 Challenge 1 - Gauntlet V2: 2 robots will race in a diamond shaped track in opposite directions and smash through 4 obstacles in order, plank of wood, mount of metal cans, red bricks and cement paving blocks, 10 points for each obstacle cleared, then they have to get past eachother and travel down the opposite side of the track and back to the starting area, 5 points for each rubble pile passed, 1st robot up the ramp to the forest of glass get 10 points, 2nd gets 5, smash the red and blue panes of glass, and the final orange one will lower down and the first one to smash it ends the game with 15 points. Time Limit: 3 minutes
Season 2 and 3 Challenge 2 - Labyrinth: 2 robots begin the labyrinth on the turntable in the center, when the game begins they'll race out to shatter 6 panes of glass, 6 challenges guard those 6 panes of glass, the tougher the challenge the bigger the points:
Push Box and Spikes - 15 points
Suspension Bridge and Flip Ramp - 20 points
Sand Pit and Cargo Rollers (with wrecking balls) - 25 points
(you get the points by breaking the pane of glass)
obstacles with no points and panes of glass - turntable, jump ramp, rough road, speed bumps, saloon doors.
once the 15 point, 20 point and 25 point panes of glass are cleared the seventh and final pane behind doors to the exit will appear and the first one who gets it ends the game with an extra 30 points.
House Robots: Robotica Rats (Red Rat and Grey Rat) Time Limit: 4 minutes
Season 2 and 3 Challenge 3 - Fight To The Finish V2: 2 or 3 Robots will enter the 25 x 25 arena and battle it out for 1 minute after that the guard rails drop away making this a matter of life and death, the last robot standing is the winner.
Season 1 Competitors: Run Amok, Spring Breaker, Killer B, Mini Inferno, Kritical Mass, Grimlock, Boelter Beast, Hot Wheels, Wendingo, i-Droid, Crisis Management, Jaw Breaker, Ram Force, HandsOFF!, Pandora's Bot, Solar Flare, Juggerbot, Noll, Hammerschlag, Krypler, Panzer Mark 1, Malvolio, Viper, Evil Beaver, Son Of A Monkeys Wrench V1, Boxster, Negative Reinforcement, The Eviscerator, The Towering Inferno.
Season 2 Competitors: Zero, KaNuckle Buster, The Killa Gorilla, Tetanus, Fintastic, Skarab, TakaTakaTak, Flexy Flyer, Armourgeddon, The Kraken, Metalmorphis, Skewer Rat, Whyatica, Jav Man, InTriVerter, Deb Bot, Ill-Tempered Mutt, The Wizard Of Sawz, Shannonagains, Mechacidal Maniac, Son Of A Monkey's Wrench V2, Botzilla, Northern Fury, Thor, WindChill.
Season 3 Competitors: Denominator, Juggerbot 3.0, DaClaw, Logoseye, Jawbreaker's Revenge, Buzz Bomb, Pangolin, Nemo's Nemesis, Tiger Wood, The Tick, Fury, Ultra Violence, Hammerhead, Mini-Rip, PSHHHT!, Scrap 8.2, Panzer Mk 3, Re-InTriVerter, Terror, Zeus, Rambot, Dark Track, Viper Revision 2, Particle Accelerator, The Dredge.
2 additional bots: Run Amok 2 (sequel to Run Amok) and Superforce (sequel to Ram Force)
where can you find pics of the robots:
and where you can also find footage of them:
submitted by Alternative-Policy76 to RobotRumble [link] [comments]

2023.05.18 16:51 Sally_san Help me understand the difference between the 'karting' racing line and a 'traditional' racing line.

I've done research and watched videos but info specifically around karting are harder to find compared to cars and games.
Background, I've been playing arcade racers for 25 years, I've been playing sim-arcade racers for about 15 years (Grid, F1, Gran Turismo), and I've been watching F1 for 15 years. So I understand all the main concepts like:- Slow in fast out- Enter wide, clip the apex, and exit wide- Dont slide- Smoother steering, and acceleration it's better for tires and speed- I understand trail braking (but with ABS off in games I haven't quite got it)
The point is I'm not a total noob, I went to an indoor karting track with a group of friends my wife, and my wife's aunt (who used to kart race as a hobby). Out of my friends, I was the only one who played racing games.
At the end of the day, i was the second fastest, with my wife aunt the fastest (as expected).
BUT what killed me is that I expected that she would use the same line i would use and just be a little braver on the brakes, a little more precise with the steering, and little better on the throttle. However she used a different line specifically there is a part where there is 3 hairpins in a row separated by very tiny sort straights. and she took a slightly shallower line in and drifted around the corners, and then i wasnt close enough to see the exits.
For anyone interested: that is the track layout with the 3 hairpins in the center of the track
In the videos I've watched people slide around certain corners in karting and when would you do this? and when would you not take the 'traditional' wide line? Outdoor vs indoor? Hairpins vs shallower corners? in this video at 7:55 he talks about using the brakes on the rear to slide, and that results in him not having to turn in this video at 2:57 he talks about the 3 quarter rule and how not using all the track on turn in is actually faster
I need help understanding how karting differs from cars. i am going karting again with some better people at an out door track and i need to figure this out.
submitted by Sally_san to Karting [link] [comments]